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Airport Oakland (USA) - International

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Oakland International Airport
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator Port of Oakland
Serves Bay Area
Location Oakland, California
Hub for FedEx Express
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 9 ft / 3 m
Coordinates 37°4317N 122°1315W / 37.72139°N 122.22083°W / 37.72139; -122.22083Coordinates: 37°4317N 122°1315W / 37.72139°N 122.22083°W / 37.72139; -122.22083
Website oaklandairport.com
Maps

FAA diagram
OAK
OAK
OAK
Location in Oakland
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
12/30 10,520 3,206 Asphalt
10R/28L 6,213 1,894 Asphalt
10L/28R 5,458 1,664 Asphalt
15/33 3,376 1,029 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Aircraft operations 222,771
Cargo (in 000lbs) 1,181,016
Total passengers 12,070,967
U.S. Cargo Rank 11
U.S. Passenger Rank 32
Sources: FAA,[1] airport website[2][3]

Oakland International Airport (IATA: OAKICAO: KOAKFAA LID: OAK) is an international airport in Oakland, California, United States. It is located approximately 10 miles south of Downtown. It is owned by the Port of Oakland.[1][4] The airport has passenger service to cities in the United States, Mexico, and Europe. Cargo flights fly to cities in the United States, Canada, and Japan.

Oakland is a focus city for Southwest Airlines and Allegiant Air. As of August 2015 Southwest has 120 daily departures on peak-travel days of the week.[5] Alaska Airlines combined with sister-carrier Horizon Air has been the second-busiest carrier at the airport through 2013. In January 2014, Delta overtook Alaska as the airport's No. 2 carrier.[6]

The top five airlines by passenger count between October 2014 September 2015 were Southwest Airlines (71.08%), Alaska Airlines (6.28%), Spirit Airlines (4.48%), Hawaiian Airlines (3.72%), JetBlue Airways (3.49%).[7] Between October 2014 and September 2015, 10,947,066 people traveled through OAK.[7]

In 2009, OAK had the highest on-time arrival percentage among the 40 busiest North American airports.[8][9]

History

Early years

The city of Oakland looked into the construction of an airport starting in 1925. In 1927 the announcement of the Dole prize for a flight from California to Hawaii provided the incentive to purchase 680 acres in April 1927 for the airport.[10][11] The 7,020-foot-long runway was the longest in the world at the time, and was built in just 21 days to meet the Dole race start. The airport was dedicated by Charles Lindbergh September 17. In its early days, because of its long runway enabling safe takeoff rolls for fuel-heavy aircraft, Oakland was the departing point of several historic flights, including Charles Kingsford Smith's historic US-Australia flight in 1928, and Amelia Earhart's final flight in 1937. Earhart departed from this airport when she made her final, ill-fated voyage, intending to return there after circumnavigating the globe.[12]

Boeing Air Transport (a predecessor of United Airlines) began scheduled flights to Oakland in December 1927. It was joined by Trans World Airlines (TWA) in 1932. In 1929, Boeing opened the Boeing School of Aeronautics on the field, which expanded rapidly in 1939 as part of the Civilian Pilot Training Program. Thousands of pilots and mechanics were trained before the facility was changed into the United Air Lines training center in 1945.[13]

In 1943, the U.S. Armed Forces temporarily took over Oakland Airport and opened Naval Air Station Oakland. It was transformed into an airlift base for military flights to the Pacific islands, ordering all scheduled service to move to San Francisco International Airport. After the war, airlines slowly returned to Oakland; Western Airlines began flights in 1946, and was followed by American Airlines, TWA, United, Transocean Airlines and Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA).

The airport's first Jet Age airline terminal (now Terminal 1) was designed by John Carl Warnecke & Associates and opened in 1962, part of a $20 million expansion on bay fill that included the 10,000-foot runway 11/29.[14] The May 1963 OAG showed 15 airline flights arriving in Oakland each day, including nine from San Francisco; in June 1963, TWA flew Oakland's first scheduled jet, a Convair 880, to Chicago.[12]

During the Vietnam War, World Airways shuttled thousands of military passengers through Oakland to their bases in Southeast Asia, and an international arrivals facility was built, allowing the airport to handle international flights for the first time. By the late 1960s, World Airways had broken ground on the World Airways Maintenance Center at Oakland International Airport. The maintenance hangar could store four Boeing 747's.[12]

After the war Oakland's traffic slumped, but airline deregulation prompted several low-fare carriers to begin flights. This increase prompted the airport to build a $16.3 million second terminal, the Lionel J. Wilson Terminal 2, with seven gates for PSA and AirCal service.[12] In 1987 an Air France Concorde visited Oakland to provide supersonic two-hour flights to the Pacific halfway to Hawaii and back to Oakland.

FedEx Express opened a cargo base at OAK in 1988, which is now one of the busiest air freight terminals in the United States. In the 1990s, Southwest Airlines opened a crew base in Oakland, and expanded its flights to become the airport's dominant passenger carrier. The airport has international arrival facilities, including U.S. Customs and Border Protection officials. Mexicana Airlines flew between Oakland and cities in Mexico for many years. In the past Corsairfly flew Orly Airport to OAK to Papeete, Tahiti, Martinair flew to Schiphol Airport and CityBird flew to Brussels Airport in Brussels.[12]

2000s

United Airlines vacated its 300,000 sq ft (30,000 m2) Oakland Maintenance Center in May 2003 and transferred work to its base across the bay at San Francisco International Airport (SFO).

Oakland International Airport began a $300 million expansion and renovation project in 2004, including adding five gates in Terminal 2. The new concourse partially opened in fall 2006, was fully opened by spring 2007, and a new baggage claim in Terminal 2 opened in summer 2006. The former Terminal 2 baggage claim has been replaced by a renovated and expanded security screening area. As part of this program, airport roadways, curbsides and parking lots were also renovated by the end of 2008.[12]

In 2008 Oakland saw a series of cutbacks due to high fuel costs and airline bankruptcies, more than other Bay Area airports. In just a few days, Oakland's numerous non-stops to Hawaii were eliminated following the liquidation of ATA Airlines and Aloha Airlines, although Hawaiian Airlines started a daily flight to Honolulu a month later. Skybus Airlines stopped flying to Columbus, OH when it ended operations on April 5. American Airlines and Continental Airlines both dropped Oakland on September 3, United Airlines ended service to Los Angeles on November 2, and TACA ended service to San Salvador on September 1.

New air traffic control tower

A groundbreaking ceremony for a new control tower took place October 15, 2010. A grant awarded to the Federal Aviation Administration from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) helped fund the project. The new, environmentally "green" tower was opened in 2013 and replaced the previous north and south field towers. The new tower was formally dedicated in a ceremony on November 22, 2013.[15]

BART to Oakland International Airport

A long-proposed extension of the BART system to the airport opened on November 22, 2014, allowing passengers to board BART people mover trains and transport from the BART Coliseum station platform to the entrance of all terminals.[16] The new system consists of a mostly elevated structure, running the length of Hegenberger Road.[17]

Electric vehicle charging services

The Port of Oakland and Coulomb Technologies has announced that electric vehicle (EV) driver services have arrived at Oakland International Airport (OAK) with the installation of eight ChargePoint Network charging stations for EVs in the Premier Parking Lot.

Oakland International is the first Northern California airport to offer EV charging services as part of the ChargePoint Network, providing drivers EV services including real-time charging station status and reservations.

Noise management program

For more than 30 years, OAK has worked with its stakeholders to develop programs that minimize the effect of aircraft noise, to the extent possible, on surrounding communities, while maintaining a safe and efficient air transportation center. Through regularly scheduled stakeholder meetings, a sophisticated noise-monitoring system, proactive communications with neighboring communities and pilot education, the airport has successfully lessened the impact of its operations on neighboring communities, in order to improve their quality of life.

Master Plan

For nearly a century, Oakland International Airport has served the shipping and travel needs of the San Francisco Bay Area. The original airfield was built in 1927 and is still used by air cargo, corporate and general aviation operators. In 1962 a new terminal (Terminal 1), 10,000-foot runway and 10-story air traffic control tower was built to usher in the jet-age. Terminal 2 was opened in 1985 and is now used solely by Southwest Airlines.[12]

In 2008 OAK completed its $300 million Terminal Improvement Program, with projects that added a new concourse with five more gates and waiting areas expanded ticketing, security and baggage claim facilities added new utilities and improved terminal access and eased congestion in front of the terminals through a new roadway and curbside system. These projects are one part of the ongoing Airport Development Program (ADP).[12]

Even with the completion of these projects, there is an ongoing demand need for additional infrastructure improvements. The main planning tool to provide guidance on near-term and long-term Airport land-use is a Master Plan. The airport's 20-year Master Plan was completed in 2006, with input from the OAK Aviation Stakeholder Advisory Committee.[12]

Environmental Management

Oakland International Airport, a revenue division of the Port of Oakland, takes a leadership role in promoting a sustainable operating environmentwhether looking at current day-to-day operations or forecasting future needs and requirements.

The Port of Oakland is an independent department of the city of Oakland and is required to do its part to be a good neighbor, an environmental steward, and a responsible business operator in its efforts to support the city's sustainability goals. Through its efforts, the Port of Oakland contributed to the recognition of the city of Oakland as one of the best examples of urban sustainability at the 2005 United Nations World Environment Day conference in San Francisco.

The Port of Oakland has adopted a sustainability policy, also known as the "Three E's," that is based on the values of environmental responsibility, economic vitality and social equity.

Expansion

In May 2015, Oakland International Airports Moving Modern program construction commenced a $100 million renovation of the Terminal 1 complex. The project includes seismic architectural retrofits in central buildings, replacement and upgrading of infrastructure and improvement of the passenger environment. The project is expected to be completed in Spring 2017.[18]


Recent Developments

Following the years of the Great Recession, during which a few airlines were either liquidated (ATA Airlines and Aloha Airlines), or consolidated business to San Francisco International Airport (Continental Airlines and American Airlines), OAK started a gradual recovery, which has continued through 2017.

In 2009, Allegiant Air moved operations from San Francisco International Airport, before designating OAK as a focus city. After the bankruptcies of ATA and Aloha Airlines, Alaska Airlines and Hawaiian Airlines replaced their nonstop services to Hawaii. In the same year, Volaris began service to OAK as their first destination in the San Francisco Bay Area and held a commercial agreement with Southwest Airlines, until its merger with AirTran Airways in 2011. Malaysia-based AirAsia X honored its new partners, the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League (NFL). AirAsia X had one of their planes full of its executives and crew members "touch down" at OAK in acknowledgment of the to-be announced sponsorship. AirAsia executives had new optimism that service between the U.S. and the airline's main base in Kuala Lumpur, could possibly happen earlier than originally expected, but has yet to come to fruition as of 2017.

In 2011, Spirit Airlines returned to OAK after several years of absence, eventually flying a combined total of seven year-round and seasonal routes by the summer of 2017. Oakland International Airport also celebrated its 85th Anniversary in 2011, commemorating the first transpacific crossing by air from OAK to Hawaii, which took place on June 29, 1927 in The Bird of Paradise, flown by Hegenberger and Maitland. In 2012, United Airlines discontinued operations at OAK, consolidating operations at San Francisco International Airport, its Bay Area hub. Arkefly (which later re-branded as TUI Airlines Netherlands) chose OAK as a San Francisco Bay Area gateway, flying twice-weekly to Amsterdam, via a stop at Los Angeles International Airport. Arkefly provided 18 weeks of scheduled service in the summer of 2012. The airline followed with a similar schedule during the summer of in 2013, before discontinuing service at OAK.

In 2013, FedEx Express opened a $30 million upgrade of its hub facility at OAK, including additions to accommodate the airline's new Boeing 777 Freighter fleet. In 2014, Norwegian Air Shuttle announced its first two year-round flights to Stockholm and Oslo airport, using Boeing 787-8 aircraft seating 291 passengers operated by Norwegian Long Haul. The flights were the first-ever nonstop services offered from the two Scandinavian capitals to the San Francisco Bay Area, providing several connections throughout Europe. The Oslo flight was later changed to a seasonal schedule.

In 2016, Norwegian Air Shuttle announced nonstop flights connecting Oakland with London beginning the following spring. British Airways responded with their own service to London, with both airlines providing service to London's Gatwick Airport. American Airlines also returned and re-branded, following a merger with US Airways; the latter previously having a short-term presence at OAK, following a separate merger with America West Airlines during the previous decade. Southwest Airlines inaugurated nonstop flights from Oakland to Mexico for the airline's first international nonstop flights from OAK. The additional routes also gave the airline a combined total of 30 year-round and seasonal flights at the airport as of early 2017.

In 2017, Norwegian Air Shuttle announced nonstop flights connecting Oakland with Copenhagen on a seasonal basis from March 28, and Oakland with Barcelona from June 7 to operate year-round. Level, a new carrier owned by IAG, responded with their own Barcelona service, starting flights initially operated by IAG partner Iberia on June 2, with both airlines providing service to Barcelona El Prat Airport.[19] In the months following, Norwegian announced in May the introduction of nonstop flights between Oakland and Rome Fiumicino starting February 6, 2018,[20] and in July the introduction of nonstop flights between Oakland and Paris Charles de Gaulle to begin on April 10, 2018.[21]

Facilities and aircraft

Overview

Oakland International Airport covers 2,600 acres (1,100 ha) and has four runways.[1] Changes to Earth's magnetic field required runways 27 and 29 to be rebranded as 28 and 30, respectively in 2013.[22]

  • South Field (Commercial and cargo operations):
    • Runway 12/30: 10,520 ft × 150 ft (3,206 m × 46 m) asphalt
  • North Field (general aviation operations):
    • Runway 10R/28L: 6,213 ft × 150 ft (1,894 m × 46 m) asphalt
    • Runway 10L/28R: 5,458 ft × 150 ft (1,664 m × 46 m) asphalt
    • Runway 15/33: 3,376 ft × 75 ft (1,029 m × 23 m) asphalt

A number of general aviation FBOs are at the North Field:

  • Transient aircraft support
    • KaiserAir
    • Signature Flight Support
  • Flying Clubs
    • Alameda Aero Club[23]
  • Repair operations
    • Sundance Air Services[24]
  • Other

In 2008 the airport had 269,631 aircraft operations, an average 740 per day. This consisted of 46% general aviation (188,064), 42% scheduled commercial, 12% air taxi and <1% military. 277 aircraft are based at the airport: 51% single-engine, 34% multi-engine, 10% jet and 4% helicopter.

Terminals

The passenger terminal complex at Oakland International Airport consists of two passenger terminals - T1 & T2. Both terminals are connected to each other at post-security & gate areas, enabling arriving passengers to go straight to their connecting flights without having to re-enter the security check. Both terminals have US Customs & Border Protection facilities. TSA Pre-check is now available at OAK at both Terminals (a dedicated lane is open during peak-hours; all other hours pre-check members can use regular lanes.)

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 of Oakland International currently serves Alaska Airlines, Allegiant Air, American Airlines, Azores Airlines, Boutique Air, British Airways, Delta Air Lines, Hawaiian Airlines, JetBlue, Level, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Southwest Airlines, Spirit Airlines and Volaris. The ground level houses the baggage claim area, Customs, and most of the ticket counters (while Volaris & Hawaiian ticket counters are on level 2). Level 2 houses the security check with access to gates 1-17 (gates 1 & 3 are international gates) near gate 4 is a connector to gates 20-32 of T2. Terminal 1 has a passenger transit area; an In-Transit Lounge (on level 2), as well as a Lost & Found station. Three food & drink establishments and a newsstand are in pre-security, while all other food & drink, duty-free shop, newsstands, bars & shoeshine stand are in post-security, at the gates.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 of Oakland International, which is exclusively served by Southwest Airlines, has a baggage claim area and ticketing desks, with security checkpoint in the center and access to gates 20 - 25 and gates 26-32. At T2's gate 20 is the connector to T1's gates 1-17. While pre-security offers a coffee shop and newsstand, all other concessions are located in post-security at gates.

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations
Alaska Airlines Honolulu, Kahului, KailuaKona, Lihue, Seattle/Tacoma
Alaska Airlines
operated by Horizon Air
Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma
Allegiant Air Bellingham, El Paso, Eugene, Las Vegas, Phoenix/Mesa, Provo
Seasonal: Idaho Falls, Kalispell/Glacier Park, Missoula, Omaha
American Airlines PhoenixSky Harbor
American Eagle PhoenixSky Harbor
Azores Airlines Seasonal: Lisbon, Terceira
Boutique Air Merced
British Airways LondonGatwick
Delta Air Lines Los Angeles, Salt Lake City
Seasonal: Atlanta
Delta Connection Los Angeles, Salt Lake City
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu, Kahului, Lihue (resumes April 11, 2018)[25]
Seasonal: KailuaKona
JetBlue Airways Long Beach, New YorkJFK
Seasonal: Boston
Kona Shuttle
operated by KaiserAir
Charter: KailuaKona
Level Barcelona
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Long Haul
Barcelona, LondonGatwick, ParisCharles de Gaulle (begins April 10, 2018),[26] RomeFiumicino (begins February 6, 2018),[27] StockholmArlanda
Seasonal: Copenhagen, OsloGardermoen
Southwest Airlines Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Boise, Burbank, ChicagoMidway, ColumbusGlenn, DallasLove, Denver, HoustonHobby, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Nashville, Newark (resumes April 8, 2018), [28] New Orleans, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando (begins April 14, 2018),[29] PhoenixSky Harbor, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Reno/Tahoe, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San José del Cabo, Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, St. Louis
Seasonal: Tucson
Spirit Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, HoustonIntercontinental, Las Vegas, Los Angeles
Seasonal: Baltimore, ChicagoO'Hare, Detroit
Volaris Guadalajara, León/El Bajío, Morelia
Seasonal: Mexico City
Cargo
Airlines Destinations
Ameriflight Burbank, Chico, Fresno, Marysville, Modesto, Portland (OR), Redding, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salinas, San Luis Obispo, Seattle/Tacoma, Ukiah
DHL Aviation
operated by ABX Air
Los Angeles
FedEx Express Anchorage, Cincinnati, Fort Worth/Alliance, Fresno, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Newark, Ontario, OsakaKansai, PhoenixSky Harbor, Portland (OR), Reno/Tahoe, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma, ShanghaiPudong, TokyoNarita
FedEx Feeder
operated by Empire Airlines
Vancouver, SacramentoMcClellan
UPS Airlines Columbia (SC), Dallas/Fort Worth, Louisville, Ontario, Philadelphia, Salt Lake City

Statistics

Top destinations
Busiest domestic routes from OAK (June 2016 May 2017)[30]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Los Angeles, California 598,000 Delta, Southwest, Spirit
2 Las Vegas, Nevada 465,000 Allegiant, Southwest, Spirit
3 Seattle/Tacoma, Washington 410,000 Alaska, Southwest
4 San Diego, California 400,000 Southwest
5 Burbank, California 390,000 Southwest
6 PhoenixSky Harbor, Arizona 333,000 American, Southwest
7 Orange County, California 305,000 Southwest
8 Long Beach, California 293,000 JetBlue, Southwest
9 Portland, Oregon 278,000 Alaska, Southwest
10 Ontario, California 245,000 Southwest
Busiest international routes from OAK (2016)[31]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Guadalajara, Mexico 109,227 Volaris
2 Stockholm (Arlanda), Sweden 73,934 Norwegian Air Shuttle
3 London (Gatwick), United Kingdom 55,832 Norwegian Air Shuttle
4 Morelia, Mexico 37,957 Volaris
5 Oslo (Gardermoen), Norway 33,543 Norwegian Air Shuttle
6 Mexico City, Mexico 24,926 Volaris
7 León, Mexico 23,544 Volaris
8 Tijuana, Mexico 18,070 Volaris
9 Terceira, Portugal 3,349 Azores Airlines
10 Frankfurt, Germany 454 Lufthansa
Airline market share
Largest Airlines at OAK
(Apr 2016 Mar 2017)
[32]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 Southwest 8,422,000 72.81%
2 Spirit 600,000 5.19%
3 Alaska 589,000 5.09%
4 Hawaiian 428,000 3.70%
5 JetBlue 409,000 3.53%
Annual traffic
Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at OAK, 1991 through 2016[33]
Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers
1991 6,181,251 2001 11,416,579 2011 9,266,570
1992 6,542,120 2002 12,634,905 2012 10,040,864
1993 7,493,782 2003 13,548,363 2013 9,742,887
1994 8,345,725 2004 14,098,327 2014 10,336,788
1995 9,834,869 2005 14,417,575 2015 11,205,063
1996 9,734,859 2006 14,433,669 2016 12,070,967
1997 9,144,806 2007 14,613,489
1998 9,231,553 2008 11,474,456
1999 9,879,518 2009 9,505,281
2000 10,620,798 2010 9,542,333

Transportation

BART

The ColiseumOakland International Airport line, also known as BART to OAK Airport, is an automated guideway transit (AGT) system that connects BART Coliseum station and Oakland International Airport (BART station) terminal buildings. The AGT vehicles depart from the airport and Coliseum station every five minutes during daily peak hours, and are designed to transport travelers to and from the airport in about eight minutes with an on-time performance of more than 99 percent. The Oakland Airport Connector Project is largely attributable to the work of former Oakland Port Commissioner and BART Director Carole Ward Allen who was responsible for securing local, state, and federal funding for the project.[34][35] Ward Allen advocated for its approvable before several transportation authorities, which created between 2,500 and 5,200 direct and indirect jobs.[36][37][38] The system opened on November 22, 2014.

Amtrak

The Amtrak Capitol Corridor train stops at the BART Coliseum station. The pedestrian walkway connects both platforms.

Bus

There are three AC Transit routes that serve Oakland Airport, two during the day and one during the night.

  • Line 73 provides service from the Eastmont Transit Center on to the Oakland Airport via the BART Coliseum Station. This service provides a cheaper alternative to the Oakland Airport Connector.
  • Line 21 provides service north from the airport to Alameda and to Fruitvale BART station.[39]
  • Line 805 provides service to the Oakland International Airport during late night and early morning hours via Coliseum Station, MacArthur Blvd., and the Eastmont Transit Center.
Road

Oakland International is accessible from Interstate 880 (Nimitz Freeway) which is 2 miles (3 km) away. The airport can be reached by exiting Hegenberger Road or 98th Avenue heading west; both streets converge into Airport Road before looping around in front of the terminals.

Taxi

Taxis depart from designated taxi zones located at both Terminal 1 and 2 airport curbside.

Ride share services (or transportation network companies) such as Lyft, Uber and Wingz are available via their respective mobile apps and can be picked up and drop off at the curbside terminals.

General aviation

Landmark Aviation is the FBO (fixed-base operator) at Oakland International Airport. Landmarks FBO at OAK is its first in the Bay Area and the twelfth location added to the network in 2011. The FBO is centrally located at OAKs North Field in the Hangar 5 facility. Landmark has initiated a multimillion-dollar renovation project, having already upgraded the FBO terminal along with beginning hangar and property improvements.[40]

KaiserAir also provides FBO (fixed-base operator) at Oakland's North Field. KaiserAir performs maintenance on Gulfstream, Hawker, Cessna and other business jet aircraft. KaiserAir operates Kona Shuttle with flights to Hawaii and charter business jets.

Awards

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c FAA Airport Master Record for OAK (Form 5010 PDF), effective October 25, 2007
  2. ^ [1] (official site)
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ "Metropolitan Oakland International Airport". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved May 3, 2009. 
  5. ^ "Fact Sheet" (PDF). Southwest Airlines. Retrieved August 10, 2015. 
  6. ^ Official Airline Guide published schedules for Winter/Spring 2014
  7. ^ a b "RITA - BTS - Transtats". transtats.bts.gov. 
  8. ^ "Oakland International Airport: Press Releases" (Press release). Port of Oakland. January 12, 2010. Retrieved April 19, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Oakland Best Among Top 40 North American Airports". Flightstats.com. January 6, 2010. Retrieved April 19, 2012. 
  10. ^ Reuther, Ronald T.; Larkins, William T. Oakland Aviation. p. 17. 
  11. ^ "Oakland Airport" (PDF). Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i "A History of Aviation Excellence and Importance to the Community". Port of Oakland. Retrieved July 16, 2012. 
  13. ^ Barnes Warnock McCormick; Conrad F. Newberry; Eric Jumper. Aerospace Engineering Education During The First Century of Flight. p. 858. 
  14. ^ "Oakland International Airport, Terminal 1". Northern California Chapter, Documentation and Conservation of Buildings. Retrieved July 16, 2012. 
  15. ^ "FAA Dedicates New Control Tower at Oakland International Airport" (Press release). Federal Aviation Administration. November 22, 2013. Retrieved January 27, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Oakland Intl Gains New Public Transportation Link". Oakland Airport. 
  17. ^ http://www.oaklandairport.com/pdf/BARTtoOAKFAQ.pdf
  18. ^ "Oakland International Airport: Press Releases". Oakland Airport. 
  19. ^ "BA owner IAG launches new long-haul airline Level". BBC News. 
  20. ^ https://www.usatoday.com/story/travel/flights/todayinthesky/2017/05/31/norwegian-air-fly-italy-three-us-cities/102338008/
  21. ^ Liu Jim (July 5, 2017). "Norwegian expands Paris US flights in 2018". Routesonline. UBM (UK) Ltd. Retrieved July 7, 2017. 
  22. ^ "Oakland Airport Runways Renamed After Changes in Earth's Magnetic Field". 
  23. ^ "Alameda Aero Club". Alameda Aero Club. Retrieved April 19, 2012. 
  24. ^ "Sundance Air Services". Kaiser Air. Retrieved June 29, 2017. 
  25. ^ https://www.hawaiianairlines.com/A321neo
  26. ^ "Norwegian opens two new direct routes from Paris-CDG to Boston in New England and Oakland-San Francisco in Northern California" (in French). Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA. July 5, 2017. Retrieved July 5, 2017. 
  27. ^ "Norwegian launches flights from the U.S. to Rome". Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA. May 31, 2017. Retrieved May 31, 2017. 
  28. ^ http://content-dc3.govdelivery.com/bulletins/gd/CAPOAK-1b3af37
  29. ^ https://orlandoairports.net/press/2017/08/28/orlando-international-airport-welcomes-new-service-california/
  30. ^ "CA: Metropolitan Oakland International (OAK)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved August 23, 2017. 
  31. ^ "U.S. International Air Passenger and Freight Statistics Report". Retrieved August 23, 2017. 
  32. ^ "CA: Metropolitan Oakland International (OAK)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved February 22, 2017. 
  33. ^ Oakland Airport Statistics. Retrieved on Feb 14, 2015.
  34. ^ http://www.bart.gov/news/articles/2009/news20091210
  35. ^ http://www.enr.com/articles/19227-bart-board-approves-new-oakland-airport-connector-funding-plan
  36. ^ https://bayarea.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/02/01/could-70-million-for-the-oakland-airport-connector-be-better-spent/
  37. ^ http://www.bart.gov/news/articles/2010/news20100916b
  38. ^ http://www.mercurynews.com/2010/10/20/bart-breaks-ground-on-rail-extension-to-oakland-airport/
  39. ^ "Line 21". AC Transit. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  40. ^ "News & Events". Landmark Aviation. 
  41. ^ "Southwest's Oakland Terminal is Awarded LEED Green Building Silver Certification". Nuts About Southwest. March 17, 2010. Retrieved April 19, 2012. 

External links

Media related to Oakland International Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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