|Paris Orly Airport
Aéroport de Paris-Orly
|Operator||Aéroports de Paris|
|Location||Essonne and the Val-de-Marne|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||291 ft / 89 m|
Paris Orly Airport (French: Aéroport de Paris-Orly) (IATA: ORY, ICAO: LFPO) is an international airport located partially in Orly and partially in Villeneuve-le-Roi, 7 NM (13 km; 8.1 mi) south of Paris, France. It serves as a secondary hub for domestic and overseas territories flights of Air France and as the homebase for Transavia France. Flights operate to destinations in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, the Caribbean, North America and Southeast Asia.
Prior to the construction of Charles de Gaulle Airport, Orly was the main airport of Paris. Even with the shift of most international traffic to Charles de Gaulle Airport, Orly remains the busiest French airport for domestic traffic and the second busiest French airport overall in passenger traffic, with 29,664,993 passengers in 2015.
Management of the airport, however, is solely under the authority of Aéroports de Paris, which also manages Charles de Gaulle Airport, Le Bourget Airport, and several smaller airports in the suburbs of Paris.
Originally known as Villeneuve-Orly Airport, the facility was opened in the southern suburbs of Paris in 1932 as a secondary airport to Le Bourget. Before this two huge airship hangars had been built there by the engineer Eugène Freyssinet from 1923 on.
As a result of the Battle of France in 1940, Orly Airport was used by the occupying German Luftwaffe as a combat airfield, stationing various fighter and bomber units at the airport throughout the occupation. As a result, Orly was repeatedly attacked by the Royal Air Force and United States Army Air Forces (USAAF), destroying much of its infrastructure, and leaving its runways with numerous bomb craters to limit its usefulness by the Germans.
After the Battle of Normandy and the retreat of German forces from the Paris area in August 1944, Orly was partially repaired by USAAF combat engineers and was used by Ninth Air Force as tactical airfield A-47. The 50th Fighter Group flew P-47 Thunderbolt fighter-bomber aircraft from the airport until September, then liaison squadrons used the airfield until October 1945.
The USAAF diagram from March 1947 shows the 6140-foot 27/207 (degrees magnetic) runway (later 03R) with 5170-foot 81/261 runway (later 08L) crossing it at its north end. The November 1953 Aeradio diagram shows four concrete runways, all 197 feet wide: 03L 7874 ft, 03R 6069 ft, 08L 5118 ft and 08R 6627 ft.
The American United States Army Air Forces 1408th Army Air Force Base Unit was the primary operator at Orly Field until March 1947 when control was returned to the French Government. (The United States Air Force leased a small portion of the Airport to support Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) at Rocquencourt). The Americans left in 1967 as a result of France's withdrawal from NATO's integrated military command, and all non-French NATO forces were asked to leave France.
In May 1958 Pan Am DC-7Cs flew to Los Angeles in 21 hr 56 min; TWA, Air France and Pan Am flew nonstop to New York in 14 hrs 10-15 min. Air France flew to Tokyo in 31 hr 5 min via Anchorage or 44 hr 45 min on a seven-stop 1049G via India. Air France's ten flights a day to London were almost all Viscounts; the only other London flight was Alitalia's daily DC-6B (BEA was at Le Bourget).
Paris-Orly Airport features two separate passenger terminal buildings, Terminal Sud (South Terminal) and Terminal Ouest (West Terminal):
The innovative 1961 steel-and-glass southern terminal building consists of six floors. While the smaller basement level -1 as well as the upper levels 2, 3 and 4 contain only some service facilities, restaurants and office space, level 0 features the arrivals facilities as well as several shops and service counters. The airside area and departure gates are located on the upper level 1. The waiting area, which features several shops as well, houses gates A1-A10 and A40-A42 and is furthermore connected to the gate areas Hall A (gates A11-A27) and Hall B (gates B2-B20) to each side of the building. 15 of the terminal's departure gates are equipped with jet-bridges, some of them are able to handle wide-body aircraft.
The western terminal has a different layout than Terminal Sud, consisting of two floors and a gate area of four "fingers" rather than a brick-style layout. The ground level 0 features the arrivals facilities including 8 baggage reclaim belts as well as several service facilities and shops. The departures area is located on level 1 with more stores and restaurants located here. This central departures area is connected to four gate areas named halls 1-4 which contain departure gates 10A-10P, 20A-20L, 31A-31F and 40A-40G respectively. 23 stands at this terminal are equipped with jet-bridges, with several of them also able to handle wide-body aircraft.
Paris-Orly's two passenger terminals have this airline assignment:
|Terminal||Airlines and alliances|
|West Terminal||Aeroflot, Air Corsica, Air Europa, Air France, Air Malta, Alitalia, British Airways, easyJet, easyJet Switzerland, HOP!, Iberia, OpenSkies, TAP Portugal, Twin Jet, Vueling.|
|South Terminal||Aigle Azur, Air Algérie, Air Caraïbes, Corsair International, Cubana de Aviación, Eastern Airways, French Blue, Icelandair, Iran Air, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Pegasus Airlines, Royal Air Maroc, Transavia, Transavia France, TUI fly Belgium, Tunisair.|
operated by Rossiya Airlines
|Aigle Azur||Algiers, Annaba, Bamako, Beirut, Béjaïa, Conakry, Constantine, Faro, Funchal, Lisbon, Oran, Porto, Sétif, Tlemcen|
|Air Algérie||Algiers, Annaba, Batna, Béjaïa, Biskra, Constantine, Oran, Tamanrasset, Tlemcen|
|Air Caraïbes||Cayenne, Havana, Fort-de-France, Pointe-à-Pitre, Saint-Martin, Port-au-Prince, Santiago de Cuba, Santo Domingo-Las Americas|
|Air Corsica||Ajaccio, Bastia, Figari|
|Air Europa||Madrid, Palma de Mallorca|
|Air France||Ajaccio, Bastia, Biarritz, Bordeaux, Brest, Calvi, Cayenne, Figari, Fort-de-France, Marseille, Montpellier, New York-JFK, Nice, Pau, Perpignan, Pointe-à-Pitre, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, Toulon, Toulouse|
operated by HOP!
|Biarritz, Brest, Clermont-Ferrand, Lorient, Lyon, Montpellier, Nantes, Pau, Perpignan, Quimper|
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
|British Airways||London-Heathrow (ends 28 October 2017)|
operated by BA CityFlyer
|LondonCity (begins 29 October 2017)|
|Corsair International||Antananarivo, Dakar, Dzaoudzi, Fort-de-France, Havana, Mauritius, Pointe-à-Pitre, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, Varadero
Seasonal: Abidjan, Montréal-Trudeau
|Cubana de Aviación||Havana, Santiago de Cuba|
|easyJet||Berlin-Schönefeld, Faro, Geneva, Milan-Linate, Naples, Nice, Pisa, Rome-Fiumicino, Toulouse, Venice
Seasonal: Athens, Brindisi, Cagliari, Dubrovnik, Mykonos, Olbia, Palermo, Rhodes, Split
|French Blue||Punta Cana, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, San Salvador (Bahamas), Santo Domingo-Las Americas|
|HOP!||Agen, Aurillac, Brive, Calvi, Castres, Figari, Lannion, Lourdes/Tarbes|
|Iran Air||Tehran-Imam Khomeini|
|Norwegian Air Shuttle||Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
|Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Air International
|OpenSkies||New York-JFK, Newark|
|Pegasus Airlines||Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen|
|Royal Air Maroc||Agadir, Casablanca, Essaouira, Fes, Marrakech, Ouarzazate, Oujda, Rabat, Tangier
|TAP Portugal||Lisbon, Porto|
|Transavia France||Amsterdam, Agadir, Athens, Barcelona, Beirut (begins 4 September 2017), Bodrum, Budapest, Casablanca, Dakhla (begins 28 October 2017), Djerba, Dublin, Edinburgh, Essaouira, Faro, Ibiza, Lisbon, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Marrakech, Monastir, Munich, Naples, Oujda, Porto, Prague, Seville, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tunis, Valencia, Venice, Verona, Vienna
Seasonal: Boa Vista (Cape Verde), Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Fes, Heraklion, Funchal, Mykonos, Palermo, Reykjavík-Keflavík, Sal, Rhodes, Santorini, Split, Tangier, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Tivat, Volos, Zadar
Charter: Antalya, Burgas, Comiso, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Ivalo, Lanzarote, Tangier, Tenerife-South, Varna
|TUI fly Belgium||Agadir, Casablanca, Marrakech, Oujda, Rabat, Tangier|
|Tunisair||Djerba, Monastir, Tunis|
|Twin Jet||Le Puy, Limoges, Périgueux|
|Vueling||Alicante, Asturias, Barcelona, Bilbao, Birmingham, Catania, Copenhagen (begins 29 October 2017), Florence, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Lisbon, Málaga, Milan-Malpensa, Palermo, Porto, Rome-Fiumicino, Tenerife-South, Valencia
Seasonal: Cardiff, Ibiza, Minorca, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-North
AOM French Airlines had its head office in Orly Airport Building 363 in Paray-Vieille-Poste. After AOM and Air Liberté merged in 2001, the new airline, Air Lib, occupied building 363.