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Airport Philadelphia (USA) - International

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Philadelphia International Airport
Airport type Public
Owner City of Philadelphia
Operator Philadelphia Department of Commerce, Division of Aviation
Serves Delaware Valley
Location Philadelphia / Tinicum Township, Pennsylvania, United States
Hub for
Focus city for
Time zone Eastern (UTC05:00)
  Summer (DST) Eastern Daylight Time (UTC04:00)
Elevation AMSL 36 ft / 11 m
Coordinates 39°5219N 075°1428W / 39.87194°N 75.24111°W / 39.87194; -75.24111Coordinates: 39°5219N 075°1428W / 39.87194°N 75.24111°W / 39.87194; -75.24111
Website www.phl.org

FAA airport diagram
Location within Philadelphia / PA / United States
PHL (Pennsylvania)
PHL (the US)
Direction Length Surface
ft m
8/26 5,000 1,524 Asphalt
9L/27R 9,500 2,896 Asphalt
9R/27L 12,000 3,658 Asphalt
17/35 6,501 1,982 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Aircraft operations 369,928
Total passengers 29,585,754
Cargo (metric tons) 438,583

Philadelphia International Airport (IATA: PHL, ICAO: KPHL, FAA LID: PHL), often referred to just by its IATA code PHL, is a major airport in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, and is the largest airport in the Delaware Valley region and in the state.[3] The airport is a major international hub for American and a regional cargo hub for UPS Airlines. Philadelphia International Airport is also a focus city for ultra low-cost airline Frontier.

The airport has service to destinations in the United States, Canada, the Caribbean, Latin America, Europe, and the Middle East. As of summer 2018, 133 total destinations will be served, including 97 domestic and 36 international destinations. Most of the airport property is located in Philadelphia proper. The international terminal and the western end of the airfield are located in Tinicum Township, Delaware County. PHL covers 2,302 acres (932 ha) and has 4 runways.[2]


Starting in 1925 the Pennsylvania National Guard used the PHL site (known as Hog Island) as a training airfield. The site was dedicated as the "Philadelphia Municipal Airport" by Charles Lindbergh in 1927, but it had no proper terminal building until 1940; airlines used the airfield (at 39°5548N 75°0441W / 39.930°N 75.078°W / 39.930; -75.078) in nearby Camden, New Jersey. Once Philadelphia's terminal was completed (on the east side of the field) American, Eastern, TWA and United began flights.

In 1947 and 1950 the airport had runways 4, 9, 12 and 17, all of 5400 ft or less. In 1956 runway 9 was 7284 ft; in 1959 it was 9499 ft and runway 12 was closed. Not much change occurred until the early 1970s, when runway 4 was closed and 9R opened with 10500 ft.

On June 20, 1940, the airport's weather station became as the official point for Philadelphia weather observations and records by the National Weather Service.[4]

World War II use

During World War II the United States Army Air Forces used the airport as a First Air Force training airfield.[5][6][7]

Beginning in 1940 the Coatesville-based Rising Sun School of Aeronautics performed primary flight training at the airport under contract to the Air Corps. After the Pearl Harbor Attack, the I Fighter Command Philadelphia Fighter Wing provided air defense of the Delaware Valley area from the airport. Throughout the war, various fighter and bomber groups were organized and trained at Philadelphia airport and assigned to the Philadelphia Fighter Wing before being sent to advanced training airfields or being deployed overseas. Known units assigned were the 33d, 58th, 355th and 358th Fighter Groups.

In June 1943 I Fighter Command transferred jurisdiction of the airport to the Air Technical Service Command (ATSC). ATSC established a sub-depot of the Middletown Air Depot at the airport. The 855th Army Air Forces Specialized Depot unit repaired and overhauled aircraft and returned them to active service, and the Army Air Forces Training Command established the Philco Training School on January 1, 1943, which trained personnel in radio repair and operations.

During 1945 the Air Force reduced its use of the airport and it was returned to civil control that September.

Commercial use

Philadelphia Municipal became Philadelphia International in 1945, when American Overseas Airlines began direct flights to Europe. (For a short time AOA's flights skipped the New York stop; that was probably Philadelphia's only international nonstop until Pan Am tried nonstops to Europe in 1961.) A new terminal opened in December 1953; the oldest parts of the present terminal complex (B and C) were built in the late '50s.

The April 1957 OAG shows 30 weekday departures on Eastern, 24 TWA, 24 United, 18 American, 16 National, 14 Capital, 6 Allegheny and 3 Delta. To Europe, five Pan Am DC-6Bs a week via Idlewild and Boston and two TWA 749As a week via Idlewild; one TWA flight continued to Ceylon. Eastern and National had nonstops to Miami, but the TWA 1049G to LAX (started 1956) was the only nonstop beyond Chicago.

Terminal B/C modernization was completed in 1970, Terminal D opened in 1973 and Terminal E in 1977; the $300 million expansion[8] was designed by Arnold Thompson Associates, Inc. and Vincent G. Kling & Associates.[9]

In the 1980s PHL hosted several hubs. The Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 allowed regional carrier Altair Airlines to create a small hub at PHL using Fokker F-28s. Altair began in 1967 with flights to cities such as Rochester, New York, Hartford, Connecticut and to Florida until it ceased operations in November 1982. In the mid-1980s Eastern Air Lines opened a hub in Concourse C. The airline declined in the late 1980s and sold aircraft and gate leases to Chicago-based Midway Airlines. Midway operated its Philadelphia hub until it ceased operation in 1991. During the 1980s US Airways (then called USAir) built a hub at PHL.

US Airways became the dominant carrier at PHL during the 1980s and 1990s and shifted most of its hub operations from Pittsburgh to Philadelphia in 2003. As of 2013 PHL was US Airways' largest international hub.[10] As of January 2013, the lease agreement underlying US Airways operations at PHL will expire at the end of June 2015.[10]

In July 1999 the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) and several U.S. federal government agencies selected a route for the connecting ramps from the northbound and southbound portions of Interstate 95 to the Terminal A-West complex, then under development; the agency tried to avoid the John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum. However K/B Fund II, the owner of the International Plaza complex, formerly the Scott Paper headquarters Scott Plaza, objected to the proposed routing. K/B Fund II argued that the proposed routing would interfere with the International Plaza development. It entered a filing in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit to challenge the proposed routing.[11] In 2000 the airport attempted to acquire the complex for $90 million but Tinicum Township commissioners stopped the deal from going forward, citing concerns of a loss of tax revenue for the township and the Interboro School District, which serves Tinicum, as well as noise pollution concerns.[12]

In 2002, construction on the controversial new entrance ramps went forward. The new ramps eliminated the traffic signal and stop intersections previously encountered by northbound I-95 motorists who had to exit onto Route 291 to reach the airport. The project consisted of six new bridges, more than 4,300 linear feet of retaining walls, and 7.7-lane miles of new pavement. The project also included new highway lighting, overhead sign structures, landscaping and the paving of Bartram Avenue. Also under the project, PennDot resurfaced I-95 between Route 420 and Island Avenue and constructed a truck enforcement and park-and-ride facility.[13] In 2003, Terminal A-West opened to passengers; the terminal was complemented by a 1,500-space parking garage. Construction of the terminal was funded with proceeds from airport revenue bonds that were sold by the Philadelphia Authority for Industrial Development.[14]

By 2005, there were two studies that dealt with expanding runway capacity at PHL: the Runway 1735 Extension Project EIS[citation needed] and the PHL Capacity Enhancement Program EIS.[15] Completed in May 2009,[16] the Runway 17-35 Extension Project extended runway 1735 to a length of 6,500 ft (2,000 m), extending it at both ends and incorporating the proper runway safety areas. Other changes made with the Runway 1735 Extension Project included additional taxiways and aprons, relocation of perimeter service roads, and modifications to nearby public roads.

Today Philadelphia International Airport is one of the busiest airports in the world and among the fastest growing in the United States. Its status as a major international gateway for American Airlines and the growth of Southwest Airlines and other low-cost carriers have helped passenger traffic to reach record levels. In 2004, a total of 28,507,420 passengers flew through Philadelphia, up 15.5% over 2003.[17] In 2005, 31,502,855 passengers flew through PHL, marking a 10% increase since 2004.[18] In 2006, 31,768,272 passengers travelled through PHL, a 0.9% increase.[19]

At 12,000 feet (3,658 meters) in length, recently extended runway 9R/27L (previously was 10,506 feet) is the longest commercial runway in the state of Pennsylvania.

Future expansion

Such growth has not come without difficulties. There are questions as to how much more passenger growth can occur. The airport's present terminal and runway layout are reaching full utilization and PHL remains the world's largest airport without an inground fueling system thus requiring fuel to be trucked to each airplane. These two factors have led to congestion and delays. Additionally, the airport's parking facilities have been severely taxed. Exhaustion of all 17,000 parking spaces at the airport has become a regular occurrence.[20] However, airport officials have ambitious plans for terminal and runway expansion.

The Capacity Enhancement Program has a much larger scope and is considering more drastic ways to increase runway capacity. On December 30, 2010, a 13-year $5.2 billion project that would have extended the two main runways and added one new runway was passed by the FAA. The project would also create two new passenger terminals, the first terminal will be built where the current terminal complex is located and the second terminal will be built across from the current terminal complex. The project was also going to relocate the UPS facility and redevelop cargo city, the cargo complex at PHL.[21] The redesigned UPS facility would have required demolition of several houses of nearby Tinicum Township. But after much resistance by the residents of those homes, an agreement was made to keep the homes and expand the airport elsewhere.[22] The new project will now cost $6.4 billion.

Southwest Airlines, the fastest growing airline for several years after beginning service to PHL in 2004, worked with the city and the airport to expand and improve its facilities. Southwest recently built a joint ticket counter lobby for the D and E terminals, one large security check point for the two terminals and additional concessions. A hammerhead expansion to the E concourse was finished in February 2010.[23] However, Southwest subsequently ended nonstop service to PHL from most of its non-focus cities due to competition with US Airways. The January 2013 lease extension obtained by US Airways was contingent on a number of future enhancements, and the lease renewal provided some funding.[10]

Economic impact

Philadelphia International Airport is important to Philadelphia, its metropolitan region and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The Commonwealth's Aviation Bureau reported in its Pennsylvania Air Service Monitor that the total economic impact made by the state's airports in 2004 was $22 billion. PHL alone accounted for $14 billion or 63% of total. The calculations include both direct spending and the multiplier effect of that spending throughout the state's economy.[24]


Philadelphia International Airport has seven terminal buildings, which are divided into seven lettered concourses, which together contain 124 gates total. As of late November 2015, it is possible to walk to each terminal airside.[25] Terminal F, completed in 2003, was originally not connected to the rest of the terminal complex, and gates could only be accessed by a separate TSA Security Checkpoint or by shuttle buses between Terminal F and Terminal C using gate C16, an old American Eagle gate and between Terminal F and Terminal A, at gate A1. With the opening of the secure connector, these shuttle services remain. There is a large shopping/dining area between Concourses B and C. There are no luggage storage facilities at the airport. As part of Philadelphia International Airport's US$6.4 billion expansion plans, an automated people mover is expected to be built by the year 2022, as part of the 25 year airport expansion project, to move passengers between terminals.

Terminal A West

One of the two newest terminal buildings at the airport, Terminal A West has a very modern and innovative design, made by Kohn Pedersen Fox, Pierce Goodwin Alexander & Linville and Kelly/Maiello.[26] Opened in 2003 as the new international terminal, it is now home to American; domestic and international, British Airways, Icelandair, Lufthansa, and Qatar Airways. It offers a variety of international dining options.

International Arrivals (except from locations with Customs preclearance) arrive at gates in Terminals A West and A East and are processed at the Terminal A West arrival building.

Terminal A West contains 13 gates: A14 to A26.

Terminal A East

This terminal, originally the airport's international terminal, is now used by Aer Lingus and American domestic and international flights as well as international arrivals for Delta and Frontier Airlines. A-East is well maintained and recently received an upgrade to its baggage claim facilities. Most of the gates in this terminal are equipped to handle international arrivals and the passengers are led to the customs facility in terminal A-West. It opened in 1990. The security entrance was significantly enlarged in 2012.

Terminal A-East contains 11 gates: A2 to A13 (except A5; the American Eagle shuttle bus stop is designated A1).

Terminals B and C

Terminals B and C are the two main terminals used by American They were renovated at a cost of $135 million in 1998, which was designed by DPK&A Architects, LLP.[27] They are connected by a shopping mall and food court named the Philadelphia Marketplace. Remodeling has begun in the gate areas, although these cosmetic changes will not solve the space problems at many of the gates. Overall, the facilities are fairly modern and dining options on the concourses are also available. They are the oldest terminals and opened in 1953.

Terminal B contains 15 gates: B1 to B16 (except B12) and Terminal C contains 15 gates: C17 to C31.

Terminal D

Terminal D and Terminal E were upgraded in late 2008 with a new concourse connecting the two terminals while providing combined security, a variety of shops and restaurants and a link between Baggage Claims D and E. It originally opened in 1973. This is the inverse of the connector between Terminals B and C, which comprises a combined ticket hall but separate security facilities. Terminal D is home to Air Canada, Alaska Airlines, Delta, United, and Virgin America. This terminal is connected to the shopping area of Terminals B/C through a post-security walkway.

Terminal D contains 16 gates: D1 to D16.

Terminal E

Terminal E is home to Frontier Airlines, JetBlue Airways, Southwest, and Spirit Airlines. Terminal E is also home to Delta and Delta Connection ticketing. The departing gates for Delta and Delta Connection are located in Concourse D. It opened in 1977.

Terminal E contains 17 gates: E1 to E17.

Terminal F (Concourses 1, 2, and 3)

Terminal F is a regional terminal used by American Eagle flights. It includes special jet bridges that allow passengers to board regional jets without walking on the tarmac. Opened in 2001, Terminal F is the second newest terminal building at PHL. It was designed by Odell Associates, Inc. and The Sheward Partnership.[28]

When Terminal F opened in 2001, it contained 10,000 sq ft (930 m2) of space for concessions.[29]

Terminal F contains 38 gates: F1 to F39 (except F8; the American Eagle shuttle bus stop is designated F10; and there is an additional gate labeled F22A).

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations Refs
Aer Lingus Dublin [30]
Air Canada Express MontréalTrudeau, TorontoPearson [31]
Alaska Airlines Los Angeles (begins April 25, 2018),[32] San Francisco (begins April 25, 2018),[32] Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Portland (OR)
American Airlines Amsterdam, Aruba, Atlanta, Austin, Bermuda, Boston, Cancún, Charlotte, ChicagoO'Hare, Cleveland, ColumbusGlenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Dublin, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Hartford, HoustonIntercontinental, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Las Vegas, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Manchester (UK), Mexico City (begins July 5, 2018),[34] Miami, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montego Bay, Munich, Nashville, Nassau, New Orleans, New YorkLaGuardia, Orlando, ParisCharles de Gaulle, PhoenixSky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Providence, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, RomeFiumicino, San Antonio,[35] San Diego, San Francisco, San Juan, Seattle/Tacoma, St. Maarten, Tampa, WashingtonNational, West Palm Beach, Zürich[36]
Seasonal: Athens, Barcelona, Budapest (begins May 4, 2018),[37] Frankfurt, Freeport, Glasgow, Grand Cayman, Lisbon, Portland (OR), Prague (begins May 4, 2018),[37] Providenciales, Salt Lake City, Santo DomingoLas Américas, Shannon, St. Louis, St. Lucia, St. Thomas, Venice
American Eagle Akron/Canton, Albany, Allentown, Atlanta, Baltimore, Bangor, Birmingham (AL), Boston, Buffalo, Burlington (VT), Charleston (SC), Charleston (WV), Charlottesville (VA), Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbia (SC), ColumbusGlenn, Dayton, Des Moines (begins May 4, 2018),[35] Detroit, Erie, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Wayne (resumes June 7, 2018),[39] Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Harrisburg, Hartford, HoustonIntercontinental, Indianapolis, Ithaca, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Knoxville, Lexington, Long Island/Islip, Louisville, Madison (begins May 4, 2018),[35] Manchester (NH), Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Milwaukee, MontréalTrudeau, Myrtle Beach, Nashville, New Haven, Newburgh, Newport News, New Orleans, New YorkJFK, New YorkLaGuardia, Norfolk, Oklahoma City (begins June 7, 2018),[39] Omaha (begins May 4, 2018),[35] Ottawa, Pensacola (begins June 7, 2018),[39] Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Providence, Richmond, Roanoke, Rochester (NY), St. Louis, Salisbury (MD), Savannah, State College, Syracuse, TorontoPearson, WashingtonNational, Watertown (NY), WilkesBarre/Scranton, Williamsport, Wilmington (NC)
Seasonal: Augusta (GA), Freeport, Québec City, Raleigh/Durham
British Airways LondonHeathrow [40]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, LondonHeathrow (ends May 2, 2018),[41] Minneapolis/St. Paul, New YorkJFK, Salt Lake City [42]
Delta Connection Cincinnati, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New YorkJFK, Raleigh/Durham
Seasonal: Detroit
Frontier Airlines Cancún, Charlotte, Denver, Fort Myers, Miami, New Orleans, Orlando, San Juan, Tampa
Seasonal: Austin, Birmingham (AL) (begins April 11, 2018), [43] Charleston (SC), Cincinnati, Dallas/Fort Worth (begins May 17, 2018),[44] HoustonIntercontinental, Grand Rapids (begins April 9, 2018),[44] Indianapolis (resumes April 9, 2018),[44] Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Madison (begins April 8, 2018),[45] Memphis (begins April 9, 2018),[45] Milwaukee, Nashville, Omaha (begins April 9, 2018),[45] Punta Cana, San Antonio, Savannah (begins May 1, 2018), [43] West Palm Beach
Icelandair Seasonal: ReykjavíkKeflavík [47]
JetBlue Airways Boston, Fort Lauderdale [48]
Lufthansa Frankfurt [49]
Qatar Airways Doha [50]
Southwest Airlines Atlanta, ChicagoMidway, DallasLove, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Las Vegas, Nashville, Orlando, PhoenixSky Harbor, St. Louis, Tampa [51]
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fort Lauderdale, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Orlando
Seasonal: Detroit, Myrtle Beach
United Airlines ChicagoO'Hare, Denver, HoustonIntercontinental, San Francisco [53]
United Express ChicagoO'Hare, WashingtonDulles
Seasonal: HoustonIntercontinental
Virgin America Los Angeles, San Francisco (both end April 24, 2018)[32] [54]
Airlines Destinations
DHL Aviation Cincinnati
FedEx Express Boston, Indianapolis, Memphis, Pittsburgh, WashingtonDulles
Seasonal: Hartford
FedEx Feeder Newark
Kalitta Air Seasonal: Ontario
UPS Airlines Albany, Albany (GA), Atlanta, Boston, Buffalo, ChicagoO'Hare, Chicago/Rockford, Cologne/Bonn, Columbia (SC), Des Moines, Detroit, East Midlands, Harrisburg, Hartford, Hong Kong, LondonStansted, Louisville, Manchester (NH), Miami, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New YorkJFK, Oakland, Ontario, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Richmond, San Jose (CA), Tampa
Seasonal: Providence


Top destinations
Busiest Domestic Routes from Philadelphia International
(January 2017 December 2017)[55]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Orlando, Florida 803,810 American, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit
2 Atlanta, Georgia 783,490 American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit
3 ChicagoO'Hare, Illinois 652,270 American, United
4 Boston, Massachusetts 561,060 American, JetBlue
5 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 528,100 American, Spirit
6 Charlotte, North Carolina 476,930 American, Frontier
7 Denver, Colorado 402,210 American, Frontier, Southwest, United
8 Los Angeles, California 393,200 American, Spirit, Virgin America
9 Fort Lauderdale, Florida 384,570 American, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
10 Phoenix, Arizona 377,990 American, Southwest
Busiest International Routes to and from PHL (2016)[56]
Rank Airport Passengers Annual Change Carriers
1 LondonHeathrow, United Kingdom 446,313 02.1% American, British Airways, Delta
2 Cancún, Mexico 338,261 01.4% American, Frontier
3 TorontoPearson, Canada 277,905 01.9% Air Canada, American
4 Punta Cana, Dominican Republic 229,605 03.0% American, Frontier
5 Frankfurt, Germany 226,648 013.7% American, Lufthansa
6 Montego Bay, Jamaica 170,735 00.9% American, Frontier
7 MontréalTrudeau, Canada 155,061 012.7% Air Canada, American
8 RomeFiumicino, Italy 141,168 05.0% American
9 ParisCharles de Gaulle, France 137,905 014.1% American, Delta
10 Doha, Qatar 133,953 010.4% Qatar Airways
11 Madrid (Barajas), Spain 127,766 05.7% American
12 Dublin, Ireland 126,634 01.5% American
13 Manchester, United Kingdom 117,359 07.8% American
14 Munich, Germany 112,411 010.8% American
15 Venice, Italy 88,717 08.7% American
16 Amsterdam, Netherlands 88,082 01.6% American
17 Barcelona, Spain 82,490 010.1% American
18 Athens, Greece 78,111 00.2% American
19 Nassau, Bahamas 66,549 06.8% American
20 Lisbon, Portugal 58,560 01.7% American
Annual traffic
Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at PHL, 2001 through 2016[57]
Year Passengers Year Passengers
2010 30,775,961
2009 30,669,564
2008 31,834,725
2017 29,585,754 2007 32,211,439
2016 30,155,090 2006 31,768,272
2015 31,444,403 2005 31,495,385
2014 30,740,242 2004 28,507,420
2013 30,504,112 2003 24,671,075
2012 30,252,816 2002 24,799,470
2011 30,839,175 2001 24,553,310

Ground transportation


SEPTA, the area's transportation authority, operates regional rail service between the airport, West Philadelphia, and Center City, Philadelphia via the Airport Line with stops at University City, Amtrak's 30th Street, Suburban and Jefferson stations.


The Philadelphia International Airport has road access from an interchange with I-95, which heads north toward Center City Philadelphia and south into Delaware County. PA 291 heads northeast from the airport area and provides access to and from I-76 (Schuylkill Expressway).[58] Rental cars are available through a number of companies; each operates a shuttle bus between its facility and the terminals. As part of the airport's expansion plan, the airport plans to construct a consolidated rental car facility. Taxis charge a flat rate, currently $28.50 plus a fuel surcharge, for transportation from the airport to downtown Philadelphia.[59]


SEPTA also operates various bus routes to the airport: Route 37 (serving South Philadelphia and Chester Transportation Center), Route 108 (serving 69th Street Transportation Center and the UPS air hub), and Route 115 (serving Delaware County Community College and Darby Transportation Center). Bus fare is $2.50 cash (exact change only) or $2.00 when using SEPTA Key (available at all subway stops), with a transfer for $1.00.

As a benefit to students, local schools including The University of Pennsylvania, Villanova University, Swarthmore College, Haverford College and Saint Joseph's University traditionally operate transportation shuttles to the airport during heavy travel periods such as spring and Thanksgiving breaks.

Accidents and incidents

  • On January 14, 1951 National Airlines Flight 83 crashed upon landing at Philadelphia from Newark. The aircraft skidded off the runway, crashed through a fence and came to rest in a ditch. During the incident, the left wing broke off, rupturing the gas tanks and setting the plane on fire. There were seven fatalities in all. Frankie Housley, the lone stewardess on Flight 83, led ten passengers to safety but lost her life trying to save an infant.
  • On Tuesday, February 7, 2006, a UPS Douglas DC-8 cargo plane suffered an in-flight cargo fire and made an emergency landing at Philadelphia International Airport after filling with smoke.[60] There were no injuries other than smoke inhalation affecting the crew, but the plane burned on the ground for hours into the night, though most of the cargo survived, the aircraft was a total loss, with multiple holes burned through the roof skin. According to the NTSB,[61] the firefighting crew did not have adequate training on using their skin-piercing extinguishing equipment and not knowing how to open the main cargo door, attempted to force the handle and broke the latch, rendering the door unopenable. There were also difficulties in obtaining the cargo manifest to determine what if any hazardous materials were on board, due to confusion about protocol. However, despite these failings, the airport staff, including the firefighting staff, managed the incident successfully without injury or major disruption of the airport. The NTSB suspected lithium ion batteries were the source of ignition and made recommendations for more stringent rules and restrictions on their air transport, especially on passenger aircraft (unlike this one). For a cause of the incident, the NTSB focused on the delayed indication of fire by the required onboard fire detection system and criticized the standards to which such systems are tested, noting that the tests use an empty cargo hold and do not represent the real-world performance of the detection systems with the hold full of cargo, which significantly changes the flow patterns of hot air and smoke. The crew and air traffic control personnel were found to have behaved properly (with minor exceptions) and not to be at fault for the incident or its outcome.

See also


  1. ^ "Aviation Activity Report City of Philadelphia Month and Year - December 2017" (PDF). PHL Airport. Retrieved February 13, 2018. 
  2. ^ a b FAA Airport Master Record for PHL (Form 5010 PDF), effective February 1, 2018.
  3. ^ Airports Council International Final statistics for 2005 traffic movements
  4. ^ "Threaded Extremes". 
  5. ^ "Air Force History Index -- Search". 
  6. ^ Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  7. ^ Maurer, Maurer (1969), Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II, Air Force Historical Studies Office, Maxwell AFB, Alabama. ISBN 0-89201-097-5
  8. ^ "1960's -1970's". Archived from the original on June 22, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Not the Master Planner". Engineering News-Record. McGraw-Hill. 195 (14): 15. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c Blumenthal, Jeff (January 22, 2013). "US Airways Renews Lease at Philadelphia International Airport, Eyes Improvements". Philadelphia Business Journal. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 
  11. ^ Klimkiewicz, Joann. "New Airport Terminal Runs Into Legal Fight A Court Challenge By A Property Owner Could Delay The Opening Of Us Airways' $325 Million Terminal One." Philadelphia Inquirer. April 28, 2000. Retrieved on August 22, 2013.
  12. ^ Klimkiewicz, Joann. "Airport Is Denied Purchase Of Land Phila. International Wants To Expand. Tinicum Fears Noise Pollution And The Loss Of Tax Revenues." Philadelphia Inquirer. February 23, 2000. Retrieved on August 22, 2013.
  13. ^ Hogate, Jayanne (2002-06-28). "Pennsylvania Gov. Schweiker Cuts Ribbon to Open New I-95 Ramps To Philadelphia International Airport". Pennsylvania Office of the Governor. Retrieved 2015-12-02. 
  14. ^ Gelbart, Marcia (2003-04-27). "New gateway to the world The international terminal opens Friday". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2015-12-02. 
  15. ^ "Capacity Enhancement Program EIS". 
  16. ^ "Tinicum crying foul on new airport runway". 
  17. ^ "Passenger Traffic 2004 FINAL". Airports Council International. Archived from the original on January 3, 2006. Retrieved January 3, 2005. 
  18. ^ "Airport Continues to Attract Record Numbers of Passengers" (Press release). Philadelphia Airport System. August 15, 2005. Archived from the original on February 8, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2005. 
  19. ^ "Passenger Traffic 2006 FINAL". Airports Council International. July 18, 2007. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved July 30, 2007. 
  20. ^ Gelbart, Marcia (June 29, 2005). "Southwest Fuels Takeoff of Income From Parking". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved March 27, 2013. 
  21. ^ Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, Eastern Region; Gallo, Carmine (December 2010). "Record of Decision for Capacity Enhancement Program at Philadelphia International Airport, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania" (PDF) (PDF). Philadelphia Airport System. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 
  22. ^ "Agreement for PHL Airport expansion reached, Tinicum homes to remain". Philly.com. May 5, 2014. 
  23. ^ "Terminal E Has a Brand New Look at Philadelphia International Airport" (Press release). Philadelphia Airport System. February 16, 2010. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved February 18, 2010. 
  24. ^ "Manta - The Place for Small Business". Manta. 
  25. ^ "Passenger Info". Archived from the original on December 23, 2015. 
  26. ^ "Transportation". 
  27. ^ "Philadelphia International Airport (PHL/KPHL), PA". Airport Technology. 
  28. ^ Belden, Tom (April 2, 1998). "Us Airways, Phila. Agree on Adding Two Terminals Overseas, Commuter Flights The Focus of A$400 Million Plan". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved June 12, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Philadelphia International Airport Press Release". Archived from the original on February 5, 2009. 
  30. ^ "New Aer Lingus Service From Dublin To Philadelphia". Dublin Airport. 4 October 2017. Retrieved 4 October 2017. 
  31. ^ "Flight Schedules". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  32. ^ a b c "Virgin America Flights Become Alaska Next April". flightglobal. October 5, 2017. 
  33. ^ "Flight Schedules". Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  34. ^ "American adds Philadelphia Mexico City route from July 2018". Routes Online. March 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2018. 
  35. ^ a b c d [1][dead link]
  36. ^ "American Airlines to begin nonstop flights from PHL to Budapest and Prague and restore a daily nonstop flight to Zurich - Philly". 
  37. ^ a b "American Airlines Announces New Flights to Europe". 
  38. ^ a b "Flight schedules and notifications". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  39. ^ a b c "American Airlines Expands Network in 2018 and Introduces Shuttle Service Between Chicago O'Hare and New York Laguardia". news.aa.com. 
  40. ^ "Timetables". Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  41. ^ "Delta ending Moscow, Stockholm flights; beefs up other European routes". 
  42. ^ a b "FLIGHT SCHEDULES". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  43. ^ a b "Frontier Airlines Adds 35 New Routes, Four New Cities". 
  44. ^ a b c "Frontier Airlines adds three more flights at Philly International". 
  45. ^ a b c "Frontier Airlines Announces New Service to 4 Cities from PHL" (PDF). phl.org. 
  46. ^ "Frontier". Retrieved 19 September 2017. 
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External links

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