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Airport Prague (Czech Republic) - International

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Václav Havel Airport Prague

Letit Václava Havla Praha
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorLetit Praha, Ltd.
ServesPrague, Kladno
LocationRuzyn
Hub for
Focus city forRyanair
Time zoneCET (UTC+01:00)
  Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+02:00)
Elevation AMSL1,234 ft / 376 m
Coordinates50°0603N 014°1536E / 50.10083°N 14.26000°E / 50.10083; 14.26000Coordinates: 50°0603N 014°1536E / 50.10083°N 14.26000°E / 50.10083; 14.26000
Websiteprg.aero
Map
LKPR
Location in the Czech Republic
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 3,715 12,188 Concrete
12/30 3,250 10,663 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
FATO 1 29 95 Asphalt/Grass
FATO 2 38 125 Asphalt/Grass
Statistics (2018)
Passengers16,797,006[1]
Passenger change 17-189%
Cargo81,879 t
Aircraft movements155,530[2]
Source: Czech AIP at the Air Navigation Services of the Czech Republic (ANS CR)[3]

Václav Havel Airport Prague (Czech: Letit Václava Havla Praha), formerly Prague Ruzyn International Airport (Czech: Mezinárodní letit Praha-Ruzyn, Czech pronunciation: [praa ruz]) (IATA: PRG, ICAO: LKPR), is the international airport of Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic. The airport was founded in 1937, when it replaced the Kbely Airport (founded in 1918). It was reconstructed and extended in 1956, 1968, 1997, and 2006. It is located in the edge of Prague-Ruzyn area, next to Kneves village, 12 km (7 mi) west of the centre of Prague[3] and 12 km (7 mi) southeast of the city Kladno.

In 2018 it served around 17 million passengers[4] (expecting 18 million in 2019). It serves as a hub for Czech Airlines and Smartwings, and is also a base for Ryanair.

History

PragueRuzyn Airport began operations on 5 April 1937[citation needed], but Czechoslovak civil aviation history started at the military airport in PragueKbely in 1919. The Prague Aviation Museum is now found at Kbely Airport.

Due to insufficient capacity of Kbely Airport by the mid-1930s, the government decided to develop a new state civil airport in Ruzyn.[citation needed] One of the major awards Prague Ruzyn Airport received include Diploma and Gold Medal granted in 1937 at the occasion of the International Art and Technical Exhibition in Paris[citation needed] (Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne also known as Paris 1937 World's Fair) for the technical conception of the central airport, primarily the architecture of the check-in building (nowadays known as Terminal 4) designed by architect Adolf Ben.[5]

In one of the most dramatic moments in its history, the airport was seized by Soviet paratroopers on the night of 2021 August 1968, who then facilitated the landing of Soviet troops and transports for the invasion of Czechoslovakia.[citation needed]

Moreover, the Ruzyn fields provide opportunities for further expansion of the airport according to the increasing capacity demand. The airport serves as a hub of the trans-European airport network.

The political and economic changes affected the seventy years of existence of PragueRuzyn Airport. Some new air transportation companies and institutions were founded and some ceased operation since then. Ten entities have been responsible for airport administration over time, including the new construction and development. Until the 1990s, there were two or three-decade gaps before the major modernisation of PragueRuzyn Airport began to match the current capacity requirements.[citation needed]

The airport stood in for Miami International Airport in the 2006 James Bond film Casino Royale.

An online petition organised by one of the best-known Slovak film directors, Fero Feni, calling on the government and the Parliament to rename Prague Ruzyn Airport to Václav Havel International Airport attracted in just one week after 20 December 2011 the support of over 65,000 signatories both within and outside the Czech Republic.[6] A rendition of the airport with the proposed Václav Havel name in the form of his signature followed by his typical heart symbol suffix was included in the blog's article in support of renaming of the airport.[7] This name change took place on 5 October 2012 on what would have been Havel's 76th birthday. However, the PRG name of the airport for IATA and ICAO will remain the same.

Further development

As the capacity of the airport has been reaching its limit for the last couple of years (as of 2005),[citation needed] further development of the airport is being considered. Besides regular repairs of the existing runways, Prague Airport (Czech: Letit Praha s.p.) began the preparations for building a new runway, parallel to the 06/24 runway. The construction with estimated costs of CZK 57 billion was scheduled to begin in 2007, and the new runway marked 06R/24L (also called the BIS runway) was to be put into service in 2010. However, because of many legal problems and the protests of people who live close to the airport premises, the construction has not yet begun. Despite these problems, the project has support from the government, and is expected to be completed by the end of 2014.[8]

It will be over 3,500 m (11,483 ft) long. Located about 1,500 m (4,921 ft) southeast of the present main runway, the 24L runway will be equipped with a category III ILS, allowing landing and taking off under bad weather conditions.

Prague Airport states that besides increasing the airport capacity, the new runway system will greatly reduce the noise level in some densely inhabited areas of Prague. This should be achieved by reorganising the air traffic space around the airport, and shifting the traffic corridors after putting the two parallel runways into service. The vision of heavy traffic raised many protests from the suburban communities directly surrounding the airport. On 6 November 2004, local referenda were held in two Prague suburbs Nebuice and Pední Kopanina giving official support to the local authorities for active opposition against the construction of the parallel runway.

The construction of a railway connection between the airport and Prague city centre is also in the planning stage. The track will be served by express trains with special fares, connecting non-stop the airport with the city centre, and local trains fully integrated into Prague integrated transit system.[9]

General runway reconstruction

The main runway 06/24 was reconstructed from 2012 - 2013 due to poor technical conditions. During reconstruction, runway 12/30 was the only usable runway as runway 04/22 is closed permanently.[10] The runway reconstruction was originally planned for three stages. The first stage in 2012, the second stage in 2013 and the last stage in 2014. However, runway 12/30 (which would be used during the reconstruction of the main runway) is not equipped for low visibility landings as it offers only ILS CAT I landings. In addition, the approach path of runway 12/30 goes above high-density population areas (such as Prague 6 and Kladno). Therefore, the second and the third stage of the runway reconstruction had to be merged so the works could be finished in 2013.[11][12]

Infrastructure

Terminals

Prague Airport has two main passenger terminals, two general aviation terminals, as well as a cargo facility. Most flights depart Prague Airport from the North Terminals (Terminal 1 and 2). The South Terminals (Terminal 3 and 4) handle a few irregular flights, as well as VIP flights, special flights and small aircraft.

  • Terminal 1 is used for flights outside the Schengen Area; it was opened in 1968 and rebuilt in 1997, it includes concourses A and B
  • Terminal 2 is used for flights within the Schengen area; it was opened on 17 January 2006, it includes concourses C and D
  • Terminal 3 is used for private and charter flights; it was opened in 1997
  • Terminal 4 is used exclusively for VIP flights and state visits; it is the oldest part of the airport which was opened on 5 April 1937.[13]

There are also two freight terminals, Cargo Terminal 1 is operated by Menzies Aviation Czech while Cargo Terminal 2 is operated by Skyport.

Runways

The airport contains two runways in service: 06/24 (till April 1993 07/25) and 12/30 (till May 2012 13/31). Former runway 04/22 is permanently closed for take-offs and landings and is used for taxiing and parking only.[3][10] The most used runway is 24 due to the prevailing western winds. Runway 30 is also used often. Runway 06 is used rarely, while runway 12 is used only exceptionally.

Operations

The company operating the airport is Prague Airport (Letit Praha, a. s.), a joint-stock company that has one shareholder, the Ministry of Finance. The company was founded in February 2008, as part of a privatisation process involving the Airport Prague (Správa Letit Praha, s.p.) state enterprise. This action was in accordance with the Czech Republic Government Memorandum Nr. 888, which had been passed on 9 July 2008. On 1 December 2008, Prague Airport took all rights and duties formerly held by Správa Letit Praha, s.p., and Prague Airports took all business authorisations, certificates, employees, and licenses from the former company.[14] The head office of Prague Airport is in Prague 6.[15] The former state-owned enterprise had its head office on the airport property.[16][17]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger
AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot MoscowSheremetyevo
Air Arabia Sharjah
Air Arabia Maroc Casablanca
airBaltic Riga
Air Cairo Seasonal: Hurghada
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: TorontoPearson
Air France ParisCharles de Gaulle
Air Malta Malta
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: MontréalTrudeau[18]
Alitalia RomeFiumicino
American Airlines Seasonal: ChicagoO'Hare (begins 9 May 2020),[19] Philadelphia
Arkia Tel Aviv[20]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Azerbaijan Airlines Seasonal: Baku
Belavia Minsk
Bluebird Airways Seasonal: Tel Aviv[21]
British Airways LondonCity, LondonHeathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Seasonal charter: Burgas,[22] Olbia[22]
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
China Eastern Airlines ShanghaiPudong, Xi'an[23]
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Zagreb
Cyprus Airways Larnaca[24][25]
Czech Airlines[26] Amsterdam, Barcelona, Beirut, Bologna, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Helsinki, KievBoryspil, Koice, Madrid, MilanMalpensa, MoscowSheremetyevo, Nice, Odessa, ParisCharles de Gaulle, RomeFiumicino, SeoulIncheon, StockholmArlanda, Venice, WarsawChopin, Zagreb
Seasonal: Bilbao, Birmingham,[27] ReykjavíkKeflavík
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New YorkJFK
easyJet Amsterdam, Bristol, Edinburgh, LondonGatwick, LondonLuton, LondonSouthend, LondonStansted, Manchester, MilanMalpensa, Naples, Venice
Seasonal: BelfastInternational
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva[28]
El Al Tel Aviv[29]
Emirates DubaiInternational
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Catania, Funchal, Madrid, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Tirana
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf
Finnair Helsinki
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Hurghada, Sharm El Sheikh
Flydubai DubaiInternational[30]
Georgian AirwaysTbilisi[31]
Hainan Airlines BeijingCapital
HOP! Lyon
Iberia Madrid
Jet2.com Birmingham, East Midlands, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air SeoulIncheon
LOT Polish Airlines Budapest (begins 30 March 2020),[32] WarsawChopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg[33]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda
Seasonal: Stavanger
Pegasus Airlines IstanbulSabiha Gökçen[34]
Qatar AirwaysDoha[35]
Rossiya Saint Petersburg
Ryanair AmmanQueen Alia, Barcelona, Bari, Beauvais, Bergamo, Billund, Bologna, Bordeaux, Bournemouth, Budapest, Charleroi, Copenhagen, Dublin, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Gothenburg, Kraków, Liverpool, LondonStansted, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh, Marseille, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Riga, RomeCiampino, StockholmSkavsta, Treviso
Seasonal: Pescara, Eilat, Rhodes (begins 3 June 2020),[36] Thessaloniki (begins 1 April 2020),[36] Trapani, Zadar[37]
S7 Airlines Novosibirsk
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda
SCAT Airlines Nur-Sultan[38][39]
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu[40]
SkyUp Kharkiv, Lviv[41]
Smartwings[42] DubaiInternational, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Kazan, Lanzarote, Málaga, Marsa Alam, MoscowSheremetyevo, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Taba, Tel Aviv, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Almería, Antalya, Barcelona, Burgas, Cagliari, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Faro, Funchal, Heraklion, Karpathos, Kephalonia, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Larnaca, LondonGatwick, Menorca, Murcia, Mytilene, Naples, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza/Lefkada, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini, Split, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Valencia, Varna, Zakynthos
SunExpress Seasonal: Antalya, Izmir (begins 30 May 2020)[43]
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia Eindhoven
Transavia France ParisOrly
Tunisair Seasonal: Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Ukraine International Airlines KievBoryspil
United Airlines Seasonal: Newark
Ural Airlines Krasnodar, MoscowZhukovsky,[44] Perm,[45][46] Yekaterinburg
Volotea Bordeaux, Nantes, Venice
Seasonal: Cagliari, Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse
Vueling Barcelona, Florence, ParisCharles de Gaulle, RomeFiumicino
Wings of Lebanon Beirut
Wizz Air Bari, Chiinu (begins 18 December 2019), Kutaisi, LondonLuton
Yakutia Airlines Krasnodar
Cargo
AirlinesDestinations
Air Cargo Global Hong Kong, Turkmenbashi
ASL Airlines Belgium Brno, Katowice, Ličge
ASL Airlines Ireland ParisCharles de Gaulle
China Airlines Cargo Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Luxembourg, TaipeiTaoyuan
GenexMinsk
UPS AirlinesCologne/Bonn
Qatar Airways CargoBudapest, Doha
Turkish Airlines CargoIstanbulAtatürk

Statistics

Annual passenger numbers
Year
Passengers
handled[a]
Passenger
% Change
Cargo
(tonnes)
Cargo
% Change
2001[47] 6,098,742 29,571
2002[48] 6,314,653 34,829
2003[49] 7,463,120 41,440
2004[47] 9,696,413 46,885
2005[47] 10,777,020 46,002
2006[50] 11,581,511 7.46 54,972 6.27
2007[51] 12,436,254 7.38 55,179 0.38
2008[52] 12,630,557 1.56 47,870 -13.25
2009[53] 11,643,366 -7.82 42,476 -11.27
2010[54] 11,556,858 -0.74 58,275 37.19
2011[55] 11,788,629 2.01 62,688 7.57
2012[56] 10,807,890 -8.32 52,977 -15.49
2013[57] 10,974,196 1.54 51,902 -2.03
2014[58] 11,149,926 1.60 50,897 -1.93
2015[59] 12,030,928 7.90 50,595 -0.59
2016[60] 13,074,517 8.67 71,091 40.51
2017[61] 15,415,001 17.9 81,879 15.18
2018[62] 16,797,006 8.97 80,915  -1.18

It was the 36th busiest airport in Europe in 2018 and the second busiest (after Warsaw Chopin Airport) in the newer EU member states.

Busiest routes

The top 15 destinations in 2018 were:[63]

Rank Airport Passengers handled
1 MoscowSheremetyevo 755,935
2 ParisCharles de Gaulle 712,414
3 Amsterdam Schiphol 690,857
4 Frankfurt 524,302
5 Dubai 506,462
6 LondonHeathrow 443,741
7 Barcelona 432,521
8 LondonStansted 408,188
9 Tel Aviv 388,847
10 Brussels 329,181
11 Helsinki 320,440
12 Madrid 314,504
13 Zurich 304,880
14 MilanMalpensa 304,417
15 IstanbulAtatürk 291,604
Rank Country 2011 2018[64]
1 United Kingdom 1,138,899 2,061,486
2 Italy 872,933 1,342,428
3 Germany 1,162,114 1,167,768
4 France 1,017,899 1,127,151
5 Spain 726,301 1,091,450

Other facilities

Czech Airlines has its head office, the APC Building,[65] on the grounds of Prague Airport.[66] On 30 December 2009 CSA announced that it will sell its head office to the airport for CZK 607 million.[67]

Travel Service Airlines and its low cost subsidiary Smart Wings have their head office on the airport property.[68][69]

In addition the Civil Aviation Authority also has its head office on the airport property.[70]

There are a number of drinking water fountains across the airport departure halls for travellers to refill their reusable water bottles. [71]

Ground transportation

Buses of DPP, the Prague Public Transit Co., stop at both terminals 1 and 2 frequently.

A Czech Railways public bus service, AE AirportExpress, connects Terminal 1 with Praha hlavní nádraí.

From bus station in front of Terminal 1 there are also regular buses to Kladno, intercity buses of Regiojet run every 3060 minutes to Karlovy Vary and Cheb.

There are plans to build a rail connection to the airport. Preliminary work commenced in 2018, with main construction likely to start around 2023.[72][73]

Accidents and incidents

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Number of passengers including domestic, international and transit

References

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External links

Media related to Prague Ruzyn Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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