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Airport Prague (Czech Republic) - International

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Václav Havel Airport Prague
Letit Václava Havla Praha
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Letit Praha, Ltd.
Serves Prague, Kladno
Location Ruzyn
Hub for
Focus city for
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
Elevation AMSL 1,234 ft / 376 m
Coordinates 50°0603N 014°1536E / 50.10083°N 14.26000°E / 50.10083; 14.26000Coordinates: 50°0603N 014°1536E / 50.10083°N 14.26000°E / 50.10083; 14.26000
Website prg.aero
Map
LKPR
Location in the Czech Republic
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 3,715 12,188 Concrete
12/30 3,250 10,663 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
FATO 1 29 95 Asphalt/Grass
FATO 2 38 125 Asphalt/Grass
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 15,415,001[1]
Passenger change 1617 17.9%
Cargo 81,879 t
Aircraft movements 148,283[2]
Source: Czech AIP at the Air Navigation Services of the Czech Republic (ANS CR)[3]

Václav Havel Airport Prague (Czech: Letit Václava Havla Praha), formerly Prague Ruzyn International Airport (Czech: Mezinárodní letit Praha-Ruzyn, Czech pronunciation: [praa ruz]), (IATA: PRG, ICAO: LKPR), is the international airport of Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic. It is located 12 km (7 mi) west of the centre of Prague[3] and 12 km (7 mi) southeast of the city Kladno. In 2017 it served over 15 million passengers (expecting 17 million in 2018). It serves as a hub for Czech Airlines as well as a base for Travel Service including its subsidiary brand SmartWings, and is also a base for low-cost carrier - Ryanair. The airport is able to handle wide-body aircraft including the Airbus A380 or Boeing 747.

History

PragueRuzyn Airport began operations on 5 April 1937[citation needed], but Czechoslovak civil aviation history started at the military airport in PragueKbely in 1919. The Prague Aviation Museum is now found at Kbely Airport.

Due to insufficient capacity of Kbely Airport by the mid-1930s, the government decided to develop a new state civil airport in Ruzyn.[citation needed] One of the major awards Prague Ruzyn Airport received include Diploma and Gold Medal granted in 1937 at the occasion of the International Art and Technical Exhibition in Paris[citation needed] (Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne also known as Paris 1937 World's Fair) for the technical conception of the central airport, primarily the architecture of the check-in building (nowadays known as Terminal 4) designed by architect Adolf Ben.[4]

In one of the most dramatic moments in its history, the airport was seized by Soviet paratroopers on the night of 2021 August 1968, who then facilitated the landing of Soviet troops and transports for the invasion of Czechoslovakia.[citation needed]

Moreover, the Ruzyn fields provide opportunities for further expansion of the airport according to the increasing capacity demand. The airport serves as a hub of the trans-European airport network.

The political and economic changes affected the seventy years of existence of PragueRuzyn Airport. Some new air transportation companies and institutions were founded and some ceased operation since then. Ten entities have been responsible for airport administration over time, including the new construction and development. Until the 1990s, there were two or three-decade gaps before the major modernisation of PragueRuzyn Airport began to match the current capacity requirements.[citation needed]

The airport stood in for Miami International Airport in the 2006 James Bond film Casino Royale.

An online petition organised by one of the best-known Slovak film directors, Fero Feni, calling on the government and the Parliament to rename Prague Ruzyn Airport to Václav Havel International Airport attracted in just one week after 20 December 2011 the support of over 65,000 signatories both within and outside the Czech Republic.[5] A rendition of the airport with the proposed Václav Havel name in the form of his signature followed by his typical heart symbol suffix was included in the blog's article in support of renaming of the airport.[6] This name change took place on 5 October 2012 on what would have been Havel's 76th birthday. However, the PRG name of the airport for IATA and ICAO will remain the same.

Further development

As the capacity of the airport has been reaching its limit for the last couple of years (as of 2005),[citation needed] further development of the airport is being considered. Besides regular repairs of the existing runways, Prague Airport (Czech: Letit Praha s.p.) began the preparations for building a new runway, parallel to the 06/24 runway. The construction with estimated costs of CZK 57 billion was scheduled to begin in 2007, and the new runway marked 06R/24L (also called the BIS runway) was to be put into service in 2010. However, because of many legal problems and the protests of people who live close to the airport premises, the construction has not yet begun. Despite these problems, the project has support from the government, and is expected to be completed by the end of 2014.[7]

It will be over 3,500 m (11,483 ft) long. Located about 1,500 m (4,921 ft) southeast of the present main runway, the 24L runway will be equipped with a category III ILS, allowing landing and taking off under bad weather conditions.

Prague Airport states that besides increasing the airport capacity, the new runway system will greatly reduce the noise level in some densely inhabited areas of Prague. This should be achieved by reorganising the air traffic space around the airport, and shifting the traffic corridors after putting the two parallel runways into service. The vision of heavy traffic raised many protests from the suburban communities directly surrounding the airport. On 6 November 2004, local referenda were held in two Prague suburbs Nebuice and Pední Kopanina giving official support to the local authorities for active opposition against the construction of the parallel runway.

The construction of a railway connection between the airport and Prague city centre is also in the planning stage. The track will be served by express trains with special fares, connecting non-stop the airport with the city centre, and local trains fully integrated into Prague integrated transit system.[8]

General runway reconstruction

The main runway 06/24 was reconstructed from 2012 - 2013 due to poor technical conditions. During reconstruction, runway 12/30 was the only usable runway as runway 04/22 is closed permanently.[9] The runway reconstruction was originally planned for three stages. The first stage in 2012, the second stage in 2013 and the last stage in 2014. However, runway 12/30 (which would be used during the reconstruction of the main runway) is not equipped for low visibility landings as it offers only ILS CAT I landings. In addition, the approach path of runway 12/30 goes above high-density population areas (such as Prague 6 and Kladno). Therefore, the second and the third stage of the runway reconstruction had to be merged so the works could be finished in 2013.[10][11]

Infrastructure

Terminals

Prague Airport has two main passenger terminals, two general aviation terminals, as well as a cargo facility. Most flights depart Prague Airport from the North Terminals (Terminal 1 and 2). The South Terminals (Terminal 3 and 4) handle a few irregular flights, as well as VIP flights, special flights and small aircraft.

  • Terminal 1 is used for flights outside the Schengen Area; it was opened in 1997, it includes concourses A and B
  • Terminal 2 is used for flights within the Schengen area; it was opened on 17 January 2006, it includes concourses C and D
  • Terminal 3 is used for private and charter flights; it was opened in 1997
  • Terminal 4 is used exclusively for VIP flights and state visits; it is the oldest part of the airport which was opened on 5 April 1937.[citation needed]

There are also two freight terminals, Cargo Terminal 1 is operated by Menzies Aviation Czech while Cargo Terminal 2 is operated by Skyport.

Runways

The airport contains two runways in service: 06/24 (till April 1993 07/25) and 12/30 (till May 2012 13/31). Former runway 04/22 is permanently closed for take-offs and landings and is used for taxiing and parking only.[3][9] The most used runway is 24 due to the prevailing western winds. Runway 30 is also used often. Runway 06 is used rarely, while runway 12 is used only exceptionally.

Operations

The company operating the airport is Prague Airport (Letit Praha, a. s.), a joint-stock company that has one shareholder, the Ministry of Finance. The company was founded in February 2008, as part of a privatisation process involving the Airport Prague (Správa Letit Praha, s.p.) state enterprise. This action was in accordance with the Czech Republic Government Memorandum Nr. 888, which had been passed on 9 July 2008. On 1 December 2008, Prague Airport took all rights and duties formerly held by Správa Letit Praha, s.p., and Prague Airports took all business authorisations, certificates, employees, and licenses from the former company.[12] The head office of Prague Airport is in Prague 6.[13] The former state-owned enterprise had its head office on the airport property.[14][15]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

In summer season 2017, 66 airlines fly to 154 destinations in Europe, Asia, Africa and North America from Prague Airport. It has 10 passenger airlines regularly flying widebody aircraft here, including daily service of Airbus A380 Emirates or Boeing 747-8i Korean Air 4 times a week from SeoulIncheon.[16] The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Prague:[17][18]

AirlinesDestinations
Adria Airways Ljubljana
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot MoscowSheremetyevo, Saint Petersburg
Air Baltic Riga
Air Cairo Hurghada, Marsa Alam[19]
Seasonal: Sharm El Sheikh
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: TorontoPearson
Air France ParisCharles de Gaulle
Air Malta Seasonal: Malta
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: MontréalTrudeau[20]
American Airlines Seasonal: Philadelphia[21]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Alitalia RomeFiumicino
Azerbaijan Airlines Seasonal: Baku
Belavia Minsk
Blue Air Tel AvivBen Gurion[22]
British Airways LondonCity, LondonHeathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
China Eastern Airlines ShanghaiPudong, Xi'an[23]
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Zagreb
Cyprus Airways Larnaca[24][25]
Czech Airlines Aarhus,[26] Amsterdam, Barcelona, Birmingham, Bologna, Bratislava, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Helsinki, Kazan,[27] KievBoryspil, Koice, Lisbon, Madrid, MilanMalpensa, MoscowSheremetyevo, Nice, Odessa, Ostrava, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Riyadh, RomeFiumicino, Rostov-on-DonPlatov,[28] Saint Petersburg, Samara, SeoulIncheon, StockholmArlanda, Strasbourg,[29] Ufa, Venice, WarsawChopin, Yekaterinburg, Zagreb
Seasonal: Beirut, Bilbao, Linköping, Malta, Pisa,[30] Porto, ReykjavíkKeflavík,[26] Yerevan
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New YorkJFK
easyJet Amsterdam, Belfast-International (resumes 29 October 2018),[31] Berlin-Tegel, Bristol, Edinburgh, LondonGatwick, LondonSouthend, LondonStansted, Manchester, MilanMalpensa, Naples, Venice[32]
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse
El Al Tel AvivBen Gurion (resumes 15 October 2018)[33]
Emirates DubaiInternational
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Catania, Funchal, Madrid, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Tirana
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg
Finnair Helsinki
Flybe LondonSouthend[34]
Flydubai DubaiInternational[35]
Georgian AirwaysTbilisi[36]
Hainan Airlines BeijingCapital, Belgrade[37]
HOP! Lyon
Iberia Madrid
Jet2.com Birmingham, East Midlands, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air SeoulIncheon
LOT Polish Airlines WarsawChopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg City[38]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Bergen, Copenhagen, Gothenburg,[39] Helsinki, OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda
Seasonal: Stavanger
Pegasus Airlines IstanbulSabiha Gökçen[40]
Qatar AirwaysDoha[41]
RusLineKaliningrad[42][43]
Ryanair AmmanQueen Alia (begins 28 October 2018), Barcelona, Beauvais (begins 28 October 2018), Bergamo, Bologna, Budapest, Charleroi, Dublin, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Kraków, Liverpool, LondonStansted, Madrid, Málaga, Marrakesh (begins 28 October 2018), Pisa (begins 30 October 2018), RomeCiampino
Seasonal: Eilat-Ovda (begins 29 October 2018), Trapani
S7 Airlines Novosibirsk
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu,[44] Zurich[45]
SmartWings DubaiInternational, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, LondonGatwick, Málaga, Marsa Alam, MoscowSheremetyevo, Palma de Mallorca, Tel AvivBen Gurion
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Alghero, Alicante, Antalya, Burgas, Cagliari, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Djerba,[46] Dubrovnik, Erbil, Faro,[19] Funchal,[19] Girona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Karpathos, Kavala, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Larnaca, Lemnos, Lyon, Monastir, Mykonos, Naples, Olbia, Paros, Preveza, Podgorica, Ras Al Khaimah, Rhodes, Rimini, Samos,[19] Santorini, Seville, Skiathos, Split, Thessaloniki, TenerifeSouth, Tirana, Valencia, Varna, Zakynthos
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia Eindhoven
Transavia France ParisOrly
Travel Service Seasonal charter: Agadir, Antalya, Aqaba, Bodrum, Girona, Goa, Heraklion, Holguín, Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Mombasa, Monastir, Mykonos, Preveza, Rhodes, Salalah, Sochi, Tel AvivBen Gurion, TenerifeSouth, Varadero, Zanzibar
Tunisair Seasonal: Tunis
Turkish Airlines IstanbulAtatürk
Ukraine International Airlines KievBoryspil
Up Tel AvivBen Gurion (ends 14 October 2018)[47]
Ural Airlines Yekaterinburg
Volotea Bordeaux, Nantes, Venice[19]
Seasonal: Marseille,[48] Toulouse[49]
Vueling Barcelona, ParisCharles de Gaulle,[50] RomeFiumicino, Zürich
Wings of Lebanon Beirut
Wizz Air Bari, Kutaisi, LondonLuton
Yakutia Airlines Krasnodar
Cargo
AirlinesDestinations
Air Cargo Global Hong Kong, Turkmenbashi
ASL Airlines Belgium Brno, Katowice, Liège
ASL Airlines Ireland ParisCharles de Gaulle
China Airlines Cargo Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Luxembourg, TaipeiTaoyuan
GenexMinsk
UPS AirlinesCologne/Bonn
Qatar Airways CargoBudapest, Doha
Silk Way AirlinesBaku, Hong Kong
Turkish Airlines CargoSeasonal: IstanbulAtatürk, Riga

Statistics

Annual passenger numbers
Year
Passengers
handled[a]
Passenger
% Change
Cargo
(tonnes)
Cargo
% Change
2001[51] 6,098,742 29,571
2002[52] 6,314,653 34,829
2003[53] 7,463,120 41,440
2004[51] 9,696,413 46,885
2005[51] 10,777,020 46,002
2006[54] 11,581,511 7.46 54,972 6.27
2007[55] 12,436,254 7.38 55,179 0.38
2008[56] 12,630,557 1.56 47,870 -13.25
2009[57] 11,643,366 -7.82 42,476 -11.27
2010[58] 11,556,858 -0.74 58,275 37.19
2011[59] 11,788,629 2.01 62,688 7.57
2012[60] 10,807,890 -8.32 52,977 -15.49
2013[61] 10,974,196 1.54 51,902 -2.03
2014[62] 11,149,926 1.60 50,897 -1.93
2015[63] 12,030,928 7.90 50,595 -0.59
2016[64] 13,074,517 8.67 71,091 40.51
2017[65] 15,415,001 17.9 81,879 15.18

It was the 37th busiest airport in Europe in 2017 and the second busiest (after Warsaw Chopin Airport) in the newer EU member states.

Busiest routes

The top 15 destinations in 2017 were:[66]

Rank Airport Passengers handled
1 MoscowSheremetyevo 748,955
2 ParisCharles de Gaulle 744,312
3 Amsterdam Schiphol 658,694
4 Frankfurt 521,008
5 Dubai 469,495
6 LondonHeathrow 440,370
7 Tel Aviv 437,456
8 LondonStansted 330,142
9 Brussels 327,557
10 LondonGatwick 326,412
11 Barcelona 320,896
12 Helsinki 318,366
13 MilanMalpensa 295,687
14 RomeFiumicino Leonardo da Vinci 272,460
15 IstanbulAtatürk 271,546
Rank Country 2011 Passengers
1 Germany 1,162,114 passengers
2 United Kingdom 1,138,899 passengers
3 France 1,017,899 passengers
4 Italy 872,933 passengers
5 Russia 856,849 passengers

Other facilities

Czech Airlines has its head office, the APC Building,[67] on the grounds of Prague Airport.[68] On 30 December 2009 CSA announced that it will sell its head office to the airport for CZK 607 million.[69]

Travel Service Airlines and its low cost subsidiary Smart Wings have their head office on the airport property.[70][71]

In addition the Civil Aviation Authority also has its head office on the airport property.[72]

Ground transportation

Buses of DPP, the Prague Public Transit Co., stop at both terminals 1 and 2 frequently.

A Czech Railways public bus service, AE AirportExpress, connects Terminal 1 with Praha hlavní nádraí.

From bus station in front of Terminal 1 there are also regular buses to Kladno, intercity buses of Regiojet run every 3060 minutes to Karlovy Vary and Cheb.

There are plans to build a rail connection to the airport. Preliminary work commenced in 2018, with main construction likely to start around 2023.[73] [74]

Accidents and incidents

  • On 19 February 1973, Aeroflot Flight 141, during approach a Tupolev Tu-154 crashed half a kilometre short of the airport. While most of the passengers survived the crash many died in the fire that followed. Altogether 66 people died from the 100 passengers and crew. The crash was the first loss of and the first fatal accident involving a Tu-154.[75]
  • On 30 October 1975, Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 450, a Douglas DC-9-32 hit high ground during an approach in fog to Prague Ruzyn Airport. 75 of the 120 passengers and crew on board were killed.[76]
  • On 29 March 1989, two teenagers from Czechoslovakia armed with grenades and shotguns hijacked Malév Flight 640 at Prague Ruzyn Airport, and flew the Tupolev Tu-154B with 15 hostages to Frankfurt Airport before surrendering.[77]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Number of passengers including domestic, international and transit

References

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External links

Media related to Prague Ruzyn Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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