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Airport Prague (Czech Republic) - International

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  (Redirected from Prague Airport)
Ruzyn Airport Prague
Letit Ruzyn Praha
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Letit Praha
Serves Prague, Kladno
Location Ruzyn
Hub for
Focus city for
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
Elevation AMSL 1,234 ft / 376 m
Coordinates 50°0603N 014°1536E / 50.10083°N 14.26000°E / 50.10083; 14.26000Coordinates: 50°0603N 014°1536E / 50.10083°N 14.26000°E / 50.10083; 14.26000
Website prg.aero
Map
LKPR
Location in the Czech Republic
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 3,715 12,188 Concrete
12/30 3,250 10,663 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
FATO 1 29 95 Asphalt/Grass
FATO 2 38 125 Asphalt/Grass
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 13,074,517[1]
Passenger change 1516 8.7%
Cargo 71,091 t
Aircraft movements 136,766[2]
Source: Czech AIP at the Air Navigation Services of the Czech Republic (ANS CR)[3]

Václav Havel Airport Prague (Czech: Letit Václava Havla Praha), formerly Prague Ruzyn International Airport (Czech: Mezinárodní letit Praha-Ruzyn, Czech pronunciation: [praa rz]), (IATA: PRGICAO: LKPR), is the international airport of Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic. It is located 10 km (6 mi) west of Prague Castle[3] and is, with over 13 million passengers in 2016, the busiest airport in the newer EU member states. It serves as a hub for Czech Airlines as well as a base for Travel Service including its subsidiary brand SmartWings, and is also a base for low-cost carriers Wizz Air and Ryanair. The airport is able to handle wide-body aircraft including the Airbus A380.

History

PragueRuzyn Airport began operations on 5 April 1937[citation needed], but Czechoslovak civil aviation history started at the military airport in PragueKbely in 1919. The Prague Aviation Museum is now found at Kbely Airport.

Due to insufficient capacity of the Kbely airport in the middle of the 1930s, the Government decided to develop a new State Civil Airport in Ruzyn.[citation needed] One of the major awards Prague Ruzyn Airport received include Diploma and Gold Medal granted in 1937 at the occasion of the International Art and Technical Exhibition in Paris[citation needed] (Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne also known as Paris 1937 World's Fair) for the technical conception of the central airport, primarily the architecture of the check-in building (nowadays known as Terminal 4) designed by architect Ing. A. Bene.

In one of the most dramatic moments in its history, the airport was seized by Soviet paratroopers on the night of 2021 August 1968, who then facilitated the landing of Soviet troops and transports for the invasion of Czechoslovakia.[citation needed]

Moreover, the Ruzyn fields provide opportunities for further expansion of the airport according to the increasing capacity demand. The airport serves as a hub of the trans-European airport network.

The political and economic changes affected the seventy years of existence of PragueRuzyn Airport. Some new air transportation companies and institutions were founded and some ceased operation since then. Ten entities have been responsible for airport administration over time, including the new construction and development. Until the 1990s, there were two or three-decade gaps before the major modernisation of PragueRuzyn Airport began to match the current capacity requirements.[citation needed]

The airport stood in for Miami International Airport in the 2006 James Bond film Casino Royale.

An online petition organised by one of the best-known Slovak film directors, Fero Feni, calling on the government and the Parliament to rename Prague Ruzyn Airport to Václav Havel International Airport attracted in just one week after 20 December 2011 the support of over 65,000 signatories both within and outside the Czech Republic.[4] A rendition of the airport with the proposed Václav Havel name in the form of his signature followed by his typical heart symbol suffix was included in the blog's article in support of renaming of the airport.[5] This name change took place on 5 October 2012 on what would have been Havel's 76th birthday. However, the PRG name of the airport for IATA and ICAO will remain the same.

Further development

As the capacity of the airport has been reaching its limit for the last couple of years (as of 2005),[citation needed] further development of the airport is being considered. Besides regular repairs of the existing runways, Prague Airport (Czech: Letit Praha s.p.) began the preparations for building a new runway, parallel to the 06/24 runway. The construction with estimated costs of CZK 57 billion was scheduled to begin in 2007, and the new runway marked 06R/24L (also called the BIS runway) was to be put into service in 2010. However, because of many legal problems and the protests of people who live close to the airport premises, the construction has not yet begun. Despite these problems, the project has support from the government, and is expected to be completed by the end of 2014.[6]

It will be over 3,500 m (11,483 ft) long. Located about 1,500 m (4,921 ft) southeast of the present main runway, the 24L runway will be equipped with a category III ILS, allowing landing and taking off under bad weather conditions.

Prague Airport states that besides increasing the airport capacity, the new runway system will greatly reduce the noise level in some densely inhabited areas of Prague. This should be achieved by reorganising the air traffic space around the airport, and shifting the traffic corridors after putting the two parallel runways into service. The vision of heavy traffic raised many protests from the suburban communities directly surrounding the airport. On 6 November 2004, local referenda were held in two Prague suburbs Nebuice and Pední Kopanina giving official support to the local authorities for active opposition against the construction of the parallel runway.

The construction of a railway connection between the airport and Prague city centre is also in the planning stage. The track will be served by express trains with special fares, connecting non-stop the airport with the city centre, and local trains fully integrated into Prague integrated transit system.[7]

General runway reconstruction

The main runway 06/24 was reconstructed from 2012 - 2013 due to poor technical conditions. During reconstruction, runway 12/30 was the only usable runway as runway 04/22 is closed permanently.[8] The runway reconstruction was originally planned for three stages. The first stage in 2012, the second stage in 2013 and the last stage in 2014. However, runway 12/30 (which would be used during the reconstruction of the main runway) is not equipped for low visibility landings as it offers only ILS CAT I landings. In addition, the approach path of runway 12/30 goes above high-density population areas (such as Prague 6 and Kladno). Therefore, the second and the third stage of the runway reconstruction had to be merged so the works could be finished in 2013.[9][10]

Infrastructure

Terminals

Prague Airport has two main passenger terminals, two general aviation terminals, as well as a cargo facility. Most flights depart Prague Airport from the North Terminals (Terminal 1 and 2). The South Terminals (Terminal 3 and 4) handle a few irregular flights, as well as VIP flights, special flights and small aircraft.

  • Terminal 1 is used for flights outside the Schengen Area; it was opened in 1997, it includes concourses A and B
  • Terminal 2 is used for flights within the Schengen area; it was opened on 17 January 2006, it includes concourses C and D
  • Terminal 3 is used for private and charter flights; it was opened in 1997
  • Terminal 4 is used exclusively for VIP flights and state visits; it is the oldest part of the airport which was opened on 5 April 1937

There are also two freight terminals, Cargo Terminal 1 is operated by Menzies Aviation Czech while Cargo Terminal 2 is operated by Skyport.

Runways

The airport contains two runways in service: 06/24 (till April 1993 07/25) and 12/30 (till May 2012 13/31). Former runway 04/22 is permanently closed for take-offs and landings and is used for taxiing and parking only.[3][8] The most used runway is 24 due to the prevailing western winds. Runway 30 is also used often. Runway 06 is used rarely, while runway 12 is used only exceptionally.

Operations

The company operating the airport is Prague Airport (Letit Praha, a. s.), a joint-stock company that has one shareholder, the Ministry of Finance. The company was founded in February 2008, as part of a privatisation process involving the Airport Prague (Správa Letit Praha, s.p.) state enterprise. This action was in accordance with the Czech Republic Government Memorandum Nr. 888, which had been passed on 9 July 2008. On 1 December 2008, Prague Airport took all rights and duties formerly held by Správa Letit Praha, s.p., and Prague Airports took all business authorisations, certificates, employees, and licenses from the former company.[11] The head office of Prague Airport is in Prague 6.[12] The former state-owned enterprise had its head office on the airport property.[13][14]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

In summer season 2017, 66 airlines fly to 154 destinations in Europe, Asia and North America from Prague Airport. It has 10 regularly passenger airlines flying widebody aircraft here, including daily service of Airbus A380 Emirates or Boeing 787-8I Korean Air 4 times a week from SeoulIncheon.[15] The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Prague:[16]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Ljubljana 2
Aegean Airlines Athens 2
Aer Lingus Dublin 1
Aeroflot MoscowSheremetyevo 1
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya Airlines
Saint Petersburg 1
Air Baltic Riga 2
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel 2
Air Cairo Marsa Alam, Hurghada[17]
Seasonal: Sharm El Sheikh
1
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: TorontoPearson 1
Air France ParisCharles de Gaulle 2
Air Malta Seasonal: Malta 2
Air Serbia Belgrade 1
Air Transat Seasonal: MontréalTrudeau, TorontoPearson[18] 1
Austrian Airlines Vienna 2
Alitalia RomeFiumicino 2
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku 1
Belavia Minsk 1
British Airways LondonHeathrow 1
Brussels Airlines Brussels 2
Bulgaria Air Sofia 1
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 1
China Eastern Airlines ShanghaiPudong 1
Croatia Airlines Zagreb 1
Czech Airlines Birmingham, Bucharest, Kazan,[19] KievBoryspil, MoscowSheremetyevo, Odessa, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Seoul-Incheon, Skopje, St Petersburg, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Ufa, Yekaterinburg, Zagreb
Seasonal: Almaty, Beirut, Riyadh, Yerevan
1
Czech Airlines Aarhus (begins 11 May 2017),[20] Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bratislava, Bologna, Brussels, Budapest, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Friedrichshafen, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Helsinki, Kosice, Lisbon (begins 10 May 2017),[21] Madrid, MilanMalpensa, Nice, Oslo-Gardermoen, Ostrava, ParisCharles de Gaulle, RomeFiumicino, StockholmArlanda, Strasbourg, Venice, WarsawChopin
Seasonal: Bilbao, Hévíz-Balaton, Malmö, Malta, Pisa,[22] Porto, Reykjavík-Keflavík (begins 1 June 2017),[20] Linköping, Växjö, Verona[23]
2
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New YorkJFK 1
easyJet Bristol, Edinburgh, London-Gatwick, LondonStansted, Manchester 1
easyJet Amsterdam, MilanMalpensa, Naples, ParisCharles de Gaulle (ends 28 October 2017), Venice[24] 2
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse 2
Emirates Dubai-International 1
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Catania, Funchal, Madrid, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Tirana 2
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg 2
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Cologne/Bonn 2
Finnair Helsinki 2
Flybe
operated by Stobart Air
London-Southend (begins 8 May 2017)[25] 1
FlyDubai Dubai-International[26] 1
Georgian Airways Tbilisi (begins 22 May 2017)[27] 1
Hainan Airlines Beijing-Capital 1
HOP! Lyon 2
Iberia Madrid 2
Jet2.com Birmingham (begins 3 November 2017), Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, East Midlands 1
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 2
Korean Air SeoulIncheon 1
LOT Polish Airlines WarsawChopin 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt 2
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich 2
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg[28] 2
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Helsinki, OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda, Stavanger[29] 2
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen[30] 1
Qatar Airways Doha (begins summer 2018)[31] 1
Ryanair Dublin, Edinburgh (begins 29 October 2017), Liverpool, London-Stansted 1
Ryanair Barcelona (begins 29 October 2017), Bergamo, Bologna (begins 29 October 2017), Budapest (begins 29 October 2017), Charleroi, Eindhoven (begins 29 October 2017), Kraków (begins 29 October 2017), Madrid (begins 29 October 2017), Málaga (begins 29 October 2017), Rome-Ciampino, Trapani 2
S7 Airlines Novosibirsk 1
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda 2
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu[32] 1
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service
London-Gatwick,[33] Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Oujda, Tel AvivBen Gurion
Seasonal: Antalya, Burgas, Djerba,[34] Dubrovnik, Larnaca, Monastir, Podgorica, Split, Tirana, Varna
1
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service
Barcelona, Dubai-International, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Palma de Mallorca, ParisCharles de Gaulle, RomeFiumicino
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Alghero, Alicante, Bilbao, Cagliari, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Faro,[17] Funchal,[17] Girona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Karpathos, Kavala, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Lemnos, Lyon, Málaga, Mykonos, Naples, Olbia, Preveza, Rhodes, Rimini, Samos,[17] Seville, Thessaloniki, Thira (Santorini), TenerifeSouth, Valencia, Zakynthos, Skiathos
2
Sprint Air Radom 2
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva 2
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Zürich 2
TAP Portugal Lisbon 2
TAROM Bucharest 1
Transavia Eindhoven 2
Transavia France Paris-Orly 2
Travel Service Seasonal charter: Agadir, Antalya, Aqaba, Bodrum, Goa, Holguín, Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Mombasa, Monastir, Salalah, Sochi, Tel AvivBen Gurion, Varadero, Zanzibar 1
Travel Service Seasonal charter: Girona, Heraklion, Mykonos, Paphos, Preveza, Rhodes, TenerifeSouth 2
Tunisair Seasonal: Tunis 1
Turkish Airlines IstanbulAtatürk 1
Ukraine International Airlines KievBoryspil 1
Up
operated by El Al
Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 1
Ural Airlines Yekaterinburg 1
Volotea Bordeaux, Nantes, Venice[17]
Seasonal: Marseille,[35] Toulouse[36]
2
Vueling Barcelona, Paris-Charles de Gaulle,[37] Rome-Fiumicino, Zürich (begins 2 June 2017) 2
Wizz Air LondonLuton, Tel AvivBen Gurion[38] 1
Wizz Air Bari, Bergamo, Naples[39] Reykjavík-Keflavík (begins 31 May 2017), Treviso 2
Yakutia Airlines Krasnodar 1
Cargo
Airlines Destinations
ASL Airlines Belgium Brno, Katowice, Ličge
ASL Airlines Ireland ParisCharles de Gaulle
China Airlines Cargo Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Luxembourg, TaipeiTaoyuan
Czech Airlines Belgrade, Chiinu, Sofia
Genex Minsk
UPS Airlines
operated by ASL Airlines Switzerland
Cologne/Bonn
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha, Budapest
Silk Way Airlines Hong Kong, Baku

Statistics

Annual passenger numbers
Year
Passengers
handled[a]
Passenger
% Change
Cargo
(tonnes)
Cargo
% Change
2001[40] 6,098,742 29,571
2002[41] 6,314,653 34,829
2003[42] 7,463,120 41,440
2004[40] 9,696,413 46,885
2005[40] 10,777,020 46,002
2006[43] 11,581,511 7.46 54,972 6.27
2007[44] 12,436,254 7.38 55,179 0.38
2008[45] 12,630,557 1.56 47,870 -13.25
2009[46] 11 643 366 -7.82 42,476 -11.27
2010[47] 11,556,858 -0.74 58,275 37.19
2011[48] 11,788,629 2.01 62,688 7.57
2012[49] 10,807,890 -8.32 52,977 -15.49
2013[50] 10,974,196 1.54 51,902 -2.03
2014[51] 11,149,926 1.60 50,897 -1.93
2015[52] 12,030,928 7.90 50,595 -0.59
2016[53] 13,074,517 8.67 71,091 40.51
2017
Mar YTD[54]
2,718,889 18.79 17,884 18.72

It was the 38th busiest airport in Europe in 2016.

Busiest routes

The top 15 destinations in 2016 were:[55]

Rank Airport Passengers handled
1 ParisCharles de Gaulle 685,161
2 MoscowSheremetyevo 662,832
3 Amsterdam Schiphol 601,343
4 Frankfurt 516,036
5 LondonHeathrow 434,020
6 Dubai 425,534
7 Tel Aviv 375,010
8 London-Stansted 352,372
9 London-Gatwick 346,058
10 Helsinki 282,080
11 Milan-Malpensa 279,384
12 RomeFiumicino Leonardo da Vinci 270,750
13 Brussels 265,966
14 Barcelona 262,382
15 Istanbul Atatürk 257,556
Rank Country 2011 Passengers
1 Germany 1,162,114 passengers
2 United Kingdom 1,138,899 passengers
3 France 1,017,899 passengers
4 Italy 872,933 passengers
5 Russia 856,849 passengers

Other facilities

Czech Airlines has its head office, the APC Building,[56] on the grounds of Prague Airport.[57] On 30 December 2009 CSA announced that it will sell its head office to the airport for CZK 607 million.[58]

Travel Service Airlines and its low cost subsidiary Smart Wings have their head office on the airport property.[59][60]

In addition the Civil Aviation Authority also has its head office on the airport property.[61]

Ground transportation

Buses of DPP, the Prague Public Transit Co., stop at both terminals 1 and 2 frequently.

A Czech Railways public bus service, AE AiportExpress, connects Terminals 1 and 2 with Praha hlavní nádraí.

From bus station in front of Terminal 1 there are also regular buses to Kladno, intercity buses of Regiojet run every 3060 minutes to Karlovy Vary and Cheb.

Accidents and incidents

  • On February 19, 1973, Aeroflot Flight 141, during approach a Tupolev Tu-154 crashed half a kilometer short of runway of the airport. Most of the passengers survived the crash, but many died in the fire that followed. Altogether 66 people died out of 100 passengers and crew members. The crash was the first loss of and first fatal accident involving the Tu-154.[62]
  • On 30 October 1975, Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 450, an Douglas DC-9-32 hit high ground during an approach in fog to Prague Ruzyn Airport. 75 of the 120 passengers and crew on board were killed.[63]
  • On 29 March 1989, two teenagers from Czechoslovakia armed with grenades and shotguns hijacked Malev Flight 640 at Prague Ruzyn Airport, and flew the Tupolev Tu-154B with 15 hostages to Frankfurt Airport before surrendering.[64]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Number of passengers including domestic, international and transit

References

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  64. ^ "2 Czech Youths Hijack Jetliner to West Germany". Los Angeles Times. 30 March 1989. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 

External links

Media related to Prague Ruzyn Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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