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Airport Stockholm (Sweden) - Bromma

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Stockholm Bromma Airport
Stockholm-Bromma flygplats
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Swedavia
Serves Stockholm, Sweden
Location Stockholm Municipality
Hub for BRA Braathens Regional Airlines
Elevation AMSL 14 m / 47 ft
Coordinates 59°2116N 017°5623E / 59.35444°N 17.93972°E / 59.35444; 17.93972Coordinates: 59°2116N 017°5623E / 59.35444°N 17.93972°E / 59.35444; 17.93972
Website swedavia.com/bromma/
Map
BMA
Location in Stockholm
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
12/30 1,668 5,472 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers total 2,279,566
International passengers 253,466
Domestic passengers 2,026,100
Landings total 22,675 (2,011)
Source: Swedish AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]
Statistics: Swedavia[2] Swedavia[3]

Stockholm Bromma Airport (IATA: BMA, ICAO: ESSB) is a Swedish domestic and minor international airport in Stockholm. It is located 4 NM (7.4 km; 4.6 mi) west-northwest[1] of downtown Stockholm and is the closest to the city compared to the other commercial passenger airports in the area around Stockholm (Arlanda, Skavsta and Västerås). Bromma is Sweden's third-busiest airport by passenger traffic and take-offs and landings as of 2015.

History

Development

During the 1930s the need for a proper airport for Stockholm, the capital city of Sweden, became urgent. The airport was opened in 1936 by King Gustav V, and was the first airport in Europe to have paved runways from the start. During World War II Swedish and British aircraft flew to the United Kingdom from Bromma Airport. Since these flights sometimes carried Norwegian and Danish refugees the airport became of interest for German spies, and two Swedish Douglas DC-3 that had taken off from Bromma were shot down by the Germans during the war. After the war the airport flourished, two noted airlines that operated from the airport were Aktiebolaget Aerotransport (ABA) which subsequently became the Swedish partner in Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) and Linjeflyg (the Swedish main domestic airline which was later acquired by SAS). However the runway of Bromma was too short for the jet age and for intercontinental traffic in the 1960s (e.g. DC-8), and the capacity limit of Bromma could be foreseen, therefore the Stockholm Arlanda Airport was built.

With the opening of the Arlanda Airport in 196062, all international traffic moved there, the domestic traffic followed in 1983. Bromma became the domain of business jets, general aviation and flight schools in addition to government use. Several of the old hangars were separated from the airport area and turned into shopping outlets adjacent to the airport. With the start of operations by Malmö Aviation with services to Gothenburg, Malmö and London City Airport the airport has experienced something of a renaissance. In 2002 a new control tower was put into use on Ranhammarshöjden and the terminal which had become rundown after years of neglect was renovated. The airport underwent further improvements in 2005 and is now capable of separating passengers arriving from within and outside of the Schengen area.

Sweden's first FBO (fixed-base operator), Grafair Jet Center, was built in 2004 at Bromma Airport. The Swedish CAA at the time, Luftfartsverket, announced a bidding process in 2003 for a contract to build a General Aviation terminal at the airport in order to improve the ground services provided for the general aviation customers flying to Stockholm and Bromma Airport. Grafair won the contract and went on to build the FBO, which was finished 11 November 2004. The Grafair Jet Center was voted the 3rd best international FBO in May 2008 in AIN - Aviation International News.[4]

Future

Expansion of the airport is limited by noise issues, a lack of space, and the necessity to preserve the cultural heritage (the airport buildings). With the completion of the third runway at Stockholm Arlanda Airport there is a capacity surplus at that airport, and there are conflicting views on whether to use the land occupied by Bromma Airport for residential and commercial purposes.

Bromma's main advantage over the much larger Arlanda Airport is its proximity to the centre of Stockholm (about 8 km or 5 miles). However, Arlanda's fast rail link, completed in 1999, means that Bromma's competitive edge in this respect is somewhat lost. Both airports are now 20 minutes from Stockholm Central railway station. Since far from all passengers using Arlanda go there by train, Bromma still has a location advantage. For Bromma Airport there has been discussion about a future light railway to pass by. The light railway Tvärbanan extension has been inaugurated in 2013, but the nearest stop is 1 km away at Karlsbodavägen. A branch line of Tvärbanan with a stop at the airport is planned to be in operation by 2020.

When the airport opened in 1936 the surrounding area was mostly rural, however as the city has expanded noise has become an issue. Therefore, certain measures have been put in place, such as limiting airport operations to the daytime, limiting the type of commercial aircraft which are allowed to operate from the airport and soundproofing residential homes near the airport. There has also been a suggestion of denying general aviation and flight schools use of the airport, in order to lessen the impact on the surrounding community.

In late 2014 the socialist parties won control of both Stockholm city and the government in the general election. They have plans to completely shut down the airport by 2022 and build apartments instead. There is however a contract between the city and Swedavia allowing usage of the airport area until 2038.

Airlines and destinations

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Stockholm-Bromma:[5]

AirlinesDestinations
BRA Braathens Regional Airlines Åre-Östersund, Ängelholm, Gothenburg, Halmstad, Helsinki, Jönköping, Kalmar, Kristianstad (begins 27 August 2018)[6], Malmö, Ronneby, Sundsvall-Timrå, Trollhättan, Umeå, Visby, Växjö
British Airways Aarhus
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Finnair Helsinki

Statistics

Busiest routes to and from Stockholm Bromma Airport (2017)[7]
Rank Airport Passengers handled % change
2016/2017
1  Sweden, Malmö 537,359 1.7
2  Sweden, Gothenburg 425,879 2.0
3  Sweden, Visby 237,055 6.3
4  Sweden, Umeå 226,477 3.6
5  Sweden, Ängelholm 208,200 0.8
6  Belgium, Brussels 163,068 5.5
7  Sweden, Östersund 126,470 6.7
8  Sweden, Halmstad 115,937 15.3
8  Finland, Helsinki 106,031 1.4
10  Sweden, Ronneby 94,422 7.9
11  Sweden, Kalmar 88,888 9.7
12  Sweden, Växjö 77,795 6.9
13  Sweden, Sundsvall-Härnösand 68,533 9.5
14  Sweden, Trollhättan 38,998 10.5
15  Denmark, Aarhus 14,586 35.7
Countries with most handled passengers to/from Stockholm Bromma Airport (2016)
Rank Country Passengers Change
2015/16
1  Belgium 163,068 4.2%
2  Finland 106,231 1.5%
3  Denmark 14,819 33.6%
Traffic by calendar year[8]
Year Passenger volume Change over previous year Domestic Change over previous year International Change over previous year
2016 2,503,961 00.61% 2,222,599 01.46% 281,362 05.68%
2015 2,488,779 2,190,463 298,316

Other facilities

Bromma Airport is home of two flight clubs (Stockholms Flygklubb and SAS Flygklubb), as well as a flight school (LidAir).

Ground transportation

Bus
  • Buses 110 and 152 of the Stockholm Transit system stop at the airport or have a bus stop close to the airport. Travel time to central Stockholm is usually 30 minutes.
  • Airport coaches travel directly between Stockholm Bromma Airport and the City Terminal (approx. 20 min travel time) where airport coaches and a high speed train (Arlanda Express) connects to Stockholm Arlanda Airport. There are also airport coaches to Stockholm Skavsta Airport.
Taxi
  • There is a taxi stand at the airport, and the proximity to central Stockholm usually ensures that the availability is sufficient at most times.
Parking

There is parking at the airport, both at the terminal, short-term and long-term parking lots. Terminal parking costs 45 Swedish kronor/h and is limited to one hour, while short-term and long-term parking is slightly less expensive depending on the length of time. The parking lots are managed by the airport authority Luftfartsverket.

Accidents and incidents

  • On 18 February 1951, a RAF Vickers Valetta with 22 passengers and crew on a military flight suffered a failure of the No. 2 engine and radio problems while near Stockholm Bromma Airport. Smoke was also seen coming from beneath the floor of the rear of the cabin. The crew attempted to make an emergency landing at the airport, however due to poor alignment with the runway and poor weather caused the aircraft to overshoot the runway. The aircraft climbed very poorly due to effects of airframe icing and the pilot made a forced belly landing on a clearing on high ground. One person was killed and the aircraft totally destroyed.
  • On 1 April 1951, a Scandinavian Airlines Douglas DC-3 on a flight from Copenhagen Kastrup Airport to Stockholm Bromma Airport crash-landed in a field near the airport. None of the 18 passengers or 4 crew members were killed, but the aircraft was a write-off.
  • On 15 January 1977, Linjeflyg Flight 618, tail number SE-FOZ, crashed at Kälvesta on approach to Bromma, due to ice accretion on the tailplane leading to a loss of control. All 22 people on board were killed.[9]

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ a b EAD Basic
  2. ^ "Statistics". Swedavia. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  3. ^ "Passagerarstatistik" (PDF). Swedavia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-02-14. 
  4. ^ AIN FBO survey Archived 2010-08-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ swedavia - Bromma Timetable retrieved 18 February 2018
  6. ^ "BRA expanderar linjenätet ytterligare: Startar flyg mellan Kristianstad-Bromma 27 augusti". www.mynewsdesk.com (in Swedish). 2018-06-21. Retrieved 2018-06-22. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ "Flygplatsstatistik". Transportstyrelsen. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009. 

External links

Media related to Stockholm-Bromma Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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