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Airport Stuttgart (Germany) - Echterdingen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Stuttgart Airport
Flughafen Stuttgart
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH
Serves Stuttgart, Germany
Hub for Eurowings
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 1,276 ft / 389 m
Coordinates 48°4124N 009°1319E / 48.69000°N 9.22194°E / 48.69000; 9.22194Coordinates: 48°4124N 009°1319E / 48.69000°N 9.22194°E / 48.69000; 9.22194
Website stuttgart-airport.com
Maps

Map of the Airport
STR
Location within Baden-Württemberg
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,345 10,974 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 30 98 Concrete
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 10,512,225
Passenger change 1415 8.2%
Aircraft movements 101,169
Movements change 1415 6.7%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ACI Europe[1]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Stuttgart Airport (German: Flughafen Stuttgart, formerly Flughafen Stuttgart-Echterdingen) (IATA: STRICAO: EDDS) is the international airport of Stuttgart, the capital of the German state Baden-Württemberg. It is christened after Stuttgart's former mayor, Manfred Rommel[3] and is the sixth busiest airport in Germany with 10.5 million passengers having passed through its doors in 2015. The airport is an important hub for Eurowings and features flights to several European cities and leisure destinations as well as a long-haul service to Atlanta.

The airport is located approximately 13 km (8.1 mi) (10 km (6.2 mi) in a straight line) south[2] of Stuttgart and lies on the boundary between the nearby town of Leinfelden-Echterdingen, Filderstadt and Stuttgart itself. In 2007, the Stuttgart Trade Fair the ninth biggest exhibition centre in Germany moved to grounds directly next to the airport. Additionally, the global headquarters for car parking company APCOA Parking are located here.

History

First years and World War II

The airport was built in 1939 to replace Böblingen Airport. In 1945, the United States Army took over the airport until returning it to German authorities in 1948.

For the duration of the Cold War the runway and facilities were shared with the United States Army who operated helicopters, the Grumman OV-1 Mohawk and other fixed wing aircraft as Echterdingen Army Airfield on the southern portion of the airfield.[4][5] Some of the units operating at Echterdingen were headquartered at nearby Nellingen Kaserne- now closed and redeveloped.[6] In 1984-5, the 223rd Aviation Battalion (Combat) of the 11th Aviation Group (Combat) was headquartered at Echterdingen, with three aviation companies assigned (one at Schwäbisch Hall).[7] The U.S. Army still maintains a small helicopter base - Stuttgart Army Airfield - on the southern side of the airport, which it shares with the Baden-Württemberg State Police helicopter wing. The police helicopter wing falls under the control of Stuttgart Police Department and has six modern helicopters based at Stuttgart and two in Söllingen.

Later development

The airport was expanded after World War II. The runway was extended to 1,800 m (5,906 ft) in 1948, then to 2,250 m (7,382 ft) in 1961 and finally to 3,345 m (10,974 ft) in 1996.

The original 1938 terminal was finally replaced in 2004 and there are now four terminals with a maximum capacity of approximately 12 million passengers.

Politicians, town planners and nearby residents have been arguing for years about the construction of a second runway. However, on 25 June 2008 Minister-President Günther Oettinger announced that for the next 812 years no second runway will be built and that the restrictions for night operations stay in place.[8][9]

After the death of former mayor Manfred Rommel in November 2013 local politicians proposed to rename the airport after him.[10] This proposal caused public disputes as he was the son of Erwin Rommel but also highly respected for his work on intercultural affairs.[11] In July 2014 it has been announced that the airport will be named Flughafen Stuttgart - Manfred Rommel Flughafen from now on.[12]

In September 2014, United Airlines cancelled their route to Stuttgart from Newark due to insufficient demand[13] leaving Stuttgart Airport with only one remaining long-haul connection to Atlanta provided by Delta Air Lines. However, Air Berlin announced the start of a new second long-haul service with flights to Abu Dhabi from December 2014.[14]

In October 2014, easyJet announced to serve Stuttgart as their seventh German destination by March 2015.[15] In December 2014, Ryanair also announced Stuttgart as a new destination of their network serving six weekly flights between Stuttgart and Manchester from April 2015.[16]

On 31 May 2016, Stuttgart Airport lost one of its two long-haul routes when Air Berlin ceased its flights to Abu Dhabi.[17] In September 2016, the airport announced a new branding and corporate design changing its official name from Flughafen Stuttgart to Stuttgart Airport.[18]

In October 2016, Air Berlin announced to close its maintenance facilities at the airport due to cost cutting and restructuring measures.[19]

Terminals

Stuttgart Airport consists of four passenger terminals which have separate check-in facilities and entrances but are directly connected to each other and share a single airside area which features eight Jet bridges as well as about two dozen bus-boarding stands.[20]

  • Terminal 1 is the first of two landside main halls and features together with its addition Terminal 1-West 50 check-in counters. It shares the roof with Terminals 2 and 3 and is mainly used by Germanwings and Lufthansa.
  • Terminal 2 is a small area featuring nine check-in counters and a security checkpoint. It is located within the shopping area between the main halls of Terminals 1 and 3. It is used by Germanwings in addition to their counters in Terminal 1.
  • Terminal 3 is the second of the two landside main halls east of Terminal 1 and 2 and features 39 additional check-in counters. It is used by Air Berlin, TUIfly and KLM among several other airlines.
  • Terminal 4 is, unlike the other three terminals, a separate and very basic equipped building to the east of Terminals 1 to 3 but also connected to them by a walk way. It features 17 more check-in counters as well as several bus-boarding gates and is used mostly for holiday charter operations.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Stuttgart Airport:[21]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Heraklion
Aer Lingus Seasonal: Dublin
Aeroflot MoscowSheremetyevo
Air Bucharest Seasonal charter: Pristina
Air Cairo Hurghada
Air France
operated by HOP!
ParisCharles de Gaulle
Air Serbia Belgrade
AIS Airlines Münster/Osnabrück
AtlasGlobal Seasonal: Antalya
Austrian Airlines Vienna, Graz
Blue Air Bucharest, Sibiu
BMI Regional Rostock
Borajet Adana
British Airways LondonHeathrow
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Condor Antalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, La Palma, Lanzarote, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kalamata (begins 21 May 2018),[22] Kos, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini, Zakynthos
Charter: Dubai-Al Maktoum[23]
Corendon Airlines Antalya, Marrakech
Cyprus Airways Larnaca (begins 1 May 2018)[24]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
easyJet Berlin-Tegel,[25] Edinburgh, LondonGatwick, MilanMalpensa, Porto, Venice
Ellinair Seasonal: Heraklion, Thessaloniki
Eurowings Alicante (begins 27 March 2018), Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bari, BerlinTegel, Bilbao, Bremen, Budapest, Catania, Dresden, Düsseldorf (begins 15 January 2018),[26] Faro, Hamburg, Hanover, Heraklion, La Palma,[27] Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, LondonStansted, Malaga, MilanMalpensa, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, RomeFiumicino, Split, Thessaloniki, Venice (begins 25 March 2018),[28] Vienna, Zagreb
Seasonal: Antalya, Arvidsjaur, Athens, Bastia, Belgrade, Brindisi, Cagliari, Chania, Dubrovnik, Gran Canaria, Ibiza, Kavala, Kraków, Olbia, Pisa, Pula, Rhodes, Rijeka, TenerifeSouth (begins 20 January 2018),[26] Tirana, Valencia, Zadar
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Brussels, Larnaca, LondonHeathrow, Pristina, Sarajevo
Seasonal: Ankara, Burgas, Corfu, Heringsdorf, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Lamezia Terme, Newquay (begins 31 March 2018),[29] Mostar (begins 16 May 2018),[30] Osijek, Palermo (begins 15 April 2018), ReykjavíkKeflavík, Varna, Venice (begins 4 May 2018),[28] Zakynthos (begins 5 May 2018)
Express Airways Charter: Pristina
Finnair Helsinki (resumes 23 April 2018)[31]
Flybe Birmingham
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Sharm El Sheikh[32]
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Iberia Express Madrid
KLM Amsterdam
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich
Nouvelair Enfidha, Djerba
Seasonal: Monastir[33]
Onur Air Seasonal: Antalya, IstanbulAtatürk
Orange2Fly Charter: Pristina[34]
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Kayseri, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen, Izmir
Ryanair Dublin,[35] Manchester
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, StockholmArlanda
Small Planet Airlines (Germany) Seasonal: Larnaca, Malta
Seasonal charter: Palma de Mallorca
Sun d'Or
operated by El Al
Seasonal: Tel AvivBen Gurion
SunExpress Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Izmir, Kayseri
Seasonal: Bodrum, Dalaman, Gaziantep, Samsun, Trabzon
SunExpress Deutschland Fuerteventura, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Marsa Alam
Seasonal: Adana,[36] Burgas, Gaziantep,[36] Heraklion, Varna
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Zürich
Tailwind Airlines Antalya
Seasonal: Adana, Kayseri
TAP Air Portugal
operated by TAP Express
Lisbon
TUI fly Deutschland Boa Vista, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Adana, Antalya, Arvidsjaur, Brindisi, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Funchal, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kayseri, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Rhodes, Sal
Turkish Airlines IstanbulAtatürk, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Ankara, Antalya, Izmir, Kayseri, Ordu-Giresun,[37] Samsun (begins 26 June 2018),[38] Trabzon
Twin Jet Lyon
Vueling Barcelona, Palma de Mallorca (begins 1 June 2018),[39] RomeFiumicino
Cargo
Airlines Destinations
Deutsche Post
operated by TUI fly Deutschland
Hannover
Deutsche Post
operated by Germanwings
BerlinTegel
DHL Aviation
operated by European Air Transport Leipzig
Leipzig/Halle, Cologne-Bonn[40]
FedEx Feeder
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
Frankfurt, Katowice, ParisCharles de Gaulle

Statistics

Passengers and movements
Passengers Movements
1999 7,688,951 119,904
2000 8,141,020 150,451
2001 7,642,409 146,771
2002 7,284,319 144,208
2003 7,595,286 144,903
2004 8,831,216 156,885
2005 9,413,671 160,405
2006 10,111,346 164,735
2007 10,328,120 164,531
2008 9,932,887 160,243
2009 8,941,990 141,572
2010 9,226,546 135,335
2011 9,591,461 136,580
2012 9,735,087 131,524
2013 9,588,692 124,588
2014 9,730,531 124,452
2015 10,527,202 130,491
2016 10,640,610 129,704
Source: Stuttgart Airport[41]
Largest airlines
Largest airlines by passengers (2016)[41]
Rank Airline  %
1 Eurowings 32.0%
2 Air Berlin 17.5%
3 TUIfly 6.3%
4 Lufthansa 4.9%
5 Turkish Airlines 4.3%
6 SunExpress and
SunExpress Deutschland
4.1%
7 Condor 3.9%
8 EasyJet 3.0%
9 KLM 2.3%
10 Austrian Airlines 2.1%
Busiest routes
Busiest domestic routes out of Stuttgart Airport (2016)[42]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Berlin, Schönefeld Airport and Tegel Airport 1,048,200
2 Hamburg, Hamburg Airport 717,900
3 Hesse, Frankfurt Airport 343,900
4 Lower Saxony, Hannover Airport 194,100
5 Bavaria, Munich Airport 173,700
6 Bremen, Bremen Airport 156,000
7 North Rhine-Westphalia, Düsseldorf Airport 152,900
8 Saxony, Dresden Airport 98,000
Busiest international routes out of Stuttgart Airport (2016)[42]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Spain, Palma de Mallorca Airport 730,700
2 Turkey, Istanbul (Atatürk Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport) 643,500
3 United Kingdom, London (Heathrow Airport, Stansted Airport and Gatwick Airport) 520,200
4 Austria, Vienna International Airport 367,100
5 Turkey, Antalya Airport 363,900
6 Netherlands, Amsterdam Airport 311,600
7 Spain, Barcelona Airport 239,800
8 Switzerland, Zürich Airport 193,800
9 Greece, Thessaloniki Airport 180,000
10 France, Paris ParisCharles de Gaulle Airport 178,700

Ground transportation

Car

There are two major highways: Just north of the airport runs the Bundesautobahn 8 (A8), which connects the cities of Karlsruhe and Stuttgart to Ulm, Augsburg and Munich. The Bundesstraße 27 (B27) leads to downtown Stuttgart, as well as to Tübingen and Reutlingen in the South.

Coach

From the regional cities of Esslingen am Neckar, Reutlingen and Tübingen exists a connection by coach. Additionally, German long-distance coach operators ADAC Postbus, DeinBus and Flixbus maintain their stop for Stuttgart on the airport grounds with direct connections to several major cities.

Suburban railway

Stuttgart Airport can be easily reached within 30 minutes from the city's main railway station using the Stuttgart suburban railway S2 or S3 from Stuttgart Flughafen/Messe station.

Future long-distance railway

It is planned to connect the airport with the future Stuttgart - Ulm high-speed railway line currently under construction as part of the major Stuttgart 21 railway redevelopment program. Therefore, a new long-distance train station will be built on the airport's grounds near the existing suburban railway station. The new station, which will be served by ICE high-speed trains will be connected to the new line by an underground loop track. The Stuttgart-Ulm line is scheduled to be opened in 2020 while the new airport connection is planned to be inaugurated in 2022.[43]

Accidents and incidents

See also

References

  1. ^ "ACI EUROPE Airport Traffic Report. December, Q4 and Full Year 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Euro Control. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Namenserweiterung in Manfred Rommel Flughafen" (Press release) (in German). Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH. 22 October 2014. Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  4. ^ http://www.mil-airfields.de/de/stuttgart-echterdingen.htm
  5. ^ http://www.usarmygermany.com/Sont.htm?http&&&www.usarmygermany.com/Units/Army%20Aviation/USAREUR_Stuttgart.htm
  6. ^ http://www.billybils.de/Seite%204_65.htm
  7. ^ Isby and Kamps, Armies of NATO's Central Front, Jane's, 1985, 375.
  8. ^ Flughafen bekommt keine zweite Startbahn Archived 16 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine.. Stuttgarter Zeitung online vom 25. Juni 2008 (in German).
  9. ^ Das Versprechen gilt nur auf "absehbare Zeit" Archived 26 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine.. Stuttgarter Zeitung online vom 25. Juni 2008 (in German).
  10. ^ Stuttgarter Nachrichten, Stuttgart, Germany (9 November 2013). "Manfred-Rommel-Flughafen?: CDU will Stuttgarter Flughafen umbenennen - Stuttgart - Stuttgarter Nachrichten". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  11. ^ Stuttgarter Zeitung, Stuttgart, Germany (15 July 2014). "Manfred-Rommel-Flughafen: Flughafen Stuttgart mit neuem Namen - Stuttgart - Stuttgarter Zeitung". stuttgarter-zeitung.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "aero.de - Luftfahrt-Nachrichten und -Community". aero.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  13. ^ FVW Medien GmbH. "United Airlines: Aus für StuttgartNew York". biztravel.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "airberlin presse airberlin plant Flüge von Stuttgart nach Abu Dhabi". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  15. ^ FVW Medien GmbH. "Easyjet: Noch drei Deutschland-Routen". biztravel.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  16. ^ http://www.airliners.de/ryanair-flughafen-stuttgart/34475
  17. ^ airberlingroup.com - airberlin withdraws from Stuttgart - Abu Dhabi route 18 March 2016
  18. ^ http://www.designtagebuch.de/aus-flughafen-stuttgart-wird-stuttgart-airport/
  19. ^ rbb-online.de - "Air Berlin wants to cancel nearly 500 staff nationwide"[permanent dead link] (German) 14 October 2016
  20. ^ "Terminal guide". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  21. ^ "Saisonflugplan". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  22. ^ https://www.condor.com/eu/index.jsp
  23. ^ https://www.condor.com/eu/generated/timetable_W2018.pdf
  24. ^ "Flight timetable". cyprusairways.com. Cyprus Airways. Retrieved 3 November 2017. 
  25. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/276097/easyjet-outlines-berlin-tegel-network-from-jan-2018/
  26. ^ a b https://www.eurowings.com/en/booking/new-routes.html
  27. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/272701/eurowings-new-w17-routes-as-of-04may17/
  28. ^ a b http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274369/eurowings-s18-new-routes-as-of-17aug17/
  29. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274902/eurowings-s18-new-short-haul-routes-as-of-21sep17/
  30. ^ http://www.exyuaviation.com/2017/10/eurowings-schedules-new-mostar-routes.html
  31. ^ Summer 2018: Finnair continues strong growth, opens new routes to Lisbon and Stuttgart, increases capacity for popular destinations news.cision 30 August 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2017
  32. ^ https://www.tuifly.com/schedule/presentation/schedulePdfRH.do[permanent dead link]
  33. ^ Nouvelair expand Germany network
  34. ^ https://www.flyrbp.com/
  35. ^ "Ryanair Launches Dublin S18 Schedule 5 New Routes To Marrakech, Munich, Naples, Paphos & Stuttgart". Ryanair DAC. 29 August 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  36. ^ a b https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/275774/sunexpress-germany-w17-new-routes-/
  37. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/272516/turkish-airlines-adds-ordu-giresun-stuttgart-in-s17/
  38. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/276452/turkish-airlines-adds-samsun-stuttgart-in-s18/
  39. ^ http://www.airliners.de/neue-mallorca-route-stuttgart/42870
  40. ^ http://www.flughafen-stuttgart.de/newsroom/pressebereich/pressemitteilungen/2017/frachtgeschaeft-am-landesflughafen-legt-zu-zweite-dhl-maschine-im-flugplan
  41. ^ a b http://www.flughafen-stuttgart.de/media/185127/jahresbericht_2016.pdf
  42. ^ a b "Statistisches Bundesamt: Luftverkehr auf Hauptverkehrsflughäfen Publikation 2016" (PDF). Destatis. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  43. ^ stuttgarter-nachrichten.de - "Airport station finished by 2022" 1 August 2012
  44. ^ "Accident: BinAir SW4 at Stuttgart on Jan 19th 2010, right main gear collapsed on landing". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 

External links

Media related to Stuttgart Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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