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Tan Son Nhat International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tân Sn Nht International Airport
Sân bay Quc t Tân Sn Nht
Summary
Airport type Public / Military
Owner Vietnamese government
Operator Airports Corporation of Vietnam
Serves Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Location Tan Binh District
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 10 m / 33 ft
Coordinates 10°4908N 106°3907E / 10.81889°N 106.65194°E / 10.81889; 106.65194Coordinates: 10°4908N 106°3907E / 10.81889°N 106.65194°E / 10.81889; 106.65194
Website www.hochiminhcityairport.com
Map
SGN
Location of the airport in Vietnam
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07L/25R 3,050 10,007 Concrete
07R/25L 3,800 12,467 Concrete
Statistics (2016)
Total passengers 32,486,537 22.36%
International passengers 10,304,879 12.9%
Aircraft movements 181,201 18.0%
Airfreight (tonne) 930,627 4.52%
Source: ACV [1][2]

Tân Sn Nht International Airport (IATA: SGNICAO: VVTS) (Vietnamese: Sân bay quc t Tân Sn Nht, Vietnamese: Cng hàng không quc t Tân Sn Nht) is the busiest airport in Vietnam with 32.5 million passengers in 2016,[2] serving Ho Chi Minh City as well as the rest of southeastern Vietnam. As of January 2017, it had a total capacity of only 25 million passengers,[3] which has caused constant congestion and sparked debate for expanding or building a new airport. The airport's IATA code, SGN, is derived from the city's former name of Saigon.

History

Tan Son Nhat International Airport has its origins in the early 1930s, when the French colonial government constructed a small airport with unpaved runways, known as Tân Sn Nht Airfield near the village of Tan Son Nhat. By mid-1956, with U.S. aid, a 7,200-foot (2,190 m) runway had been built and the airfield near Saigon became known as South Vietnam's principal international gateway. During the Vietnam War (or Second Indochina War), Tan Son Nhut Air Base (then using the alternative spelling Tân Sn Nht) was an important facility for both the U.S. Air Force and the Republic of Vietnam Air Force. Between 1968 and 1974, Tan Son Nhut Airport was one of the busiest military airbases in the world. During the last days of South Vietnam, Pan Am schedules from 1973 showed Boeing 747 service was being operated four times a week to San Francisco via Guam and Manila.[4] Continental Airlines operated up to 30 Boeing 707 military charters per week to and from Tan Son Nhut Airport during the 196874 period.[5]

Post-war era

On 9 December 2004, United Airlines became the first U.S. airline to fly to Vietnam since Pan Am's last flight during the Fall of Saigon in April 1975. Flight UA 869, operated using a Boeing 747-400 landed at Ho Chi Minh City, the terminus of the flight that originated from San Francisco via Hong Kong. On 29 October 2006, this service was switched from San Francisco to Los Angeles with a stop in Hong Kong, operating as UA 867 (also using a Boeing 747-400). In 2009, the service UA 869 has resumed once again from San Francisco via Hong Kong International Airport.[6] United ceased the route to San Francisco via Hong Kong on 30 October 2011. The airline resumed the route from Ho Chi Minh City to Hong Kong after its merger with Continental Airlines. The flight no longer makes a stop at San Francisco and it was flown on a Boeing 777-200ER instead of Boeing 747-400.

In 2006, Tan Son Nhat International Airport served approximately 8.5 million passengers (compared with 7 million in 2005) with 64,000 aircraft movements.[7] It has recently accounted for nearly two-thirds of the arrivals and departures at Vietnam's international gateway airports.[8][9] Due to increasing demand (about 1520% per annum), the airport has been continuously expanded by the Southern Airports Corporation.[9]

In 2010, Tan Son Nhat domestic terminal handled 8 million passengers which reached its maximum capacity. The airport reached its full capacity of 20 million passengers in 2013, two years earlier than predicted. Both domestic and international terminal are being expanded to meet the increasing demand. In December 2014, expansion for the domestic terminal was finished, boosting the terminal's capacity to 13 million passengers per annum.[10] In September 2017, People's Army of Vietnam ceded 21 hectare of military land in the vicinity of the airport to Airports Corporation of Vietnam for civil use. This gave way for the construction of 21 new aircraft parking spaces, expected to be completed by Tet holidays in 2018. Tan Son Nhat will then have 72 parking spaces for airplanes.[11]

International terminal

A new international terminal funded by Japanese official development assistance and constructed by a consortium of four Japanese contractors (KTOM, abbreviation of four contractors' names: Kajima Taisei Obayashi Maeda), opened in September 2007 with an initially designed capacity of 10 million passengers a year.[12] In 2014, the terminal served over 9 million international passengers [13] and a demand of an expansion to the terminal was in sight. The first phase of an urgent expansion to the terminal was finished in December 2016 with an addition of 2 new jet bridges and other facilities.[14] Upon the completion of phase two, the terminal can handle 13 million passengers annually.[15]

Future terminal 3 and 4

Terminal 3 for ten million passengers by 2019 and Terminal 4 for 15 million passengers are currently being planned. This will increase the capacity of the airport to 53 million from 25 million (2017).

Facilities

Following the opening of its new international terminal in September 2007, Tan Son Nhat has two major terminal buildings with separate sections for international and domestic flights.

The Prime Minister of Vietnam, by Decision 1646/TTg-NN, has approved the addition of 40 hectares (99 acres) of adjacent area to extend the apron and to build a cargo terminal to handle the rapid increase of passenger (expected to reach 17 million in 2010, compared to 7 million and 8.5 million in 2005 and 2006 respectively) and cargo volume at the airport.[8][16]

Bus lines 152 and 109 (direct route) currently connect the airport to city center. Express minibus serves connections to Vung Tau and other cities in Mekong Delta.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger
Airlines Destinations
Aeroflot MoscowSheremetyevo
AirAsia Johor Bahru, Kuala LumpurInternational, Penang
Air Astana Almaty
Air China BeijingCapital
Air France ParisCharles de Gaulle
Air New Zealand Seasonal: Auckland
All Nippon Airways
operated by Air Japan
TokyoNarita
Asiana Airlines SeoulIncheon
Cambodia Angkor Air Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Sihanoukville
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Cebu Pacific Manila
China Airlines TaipeiTaoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Kunming, ShanghaiPudong
China Southern Airlines BeijingCapital, Guangzhou, ShanghaiPudong, Shenzhen
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich (begins 15 November 2018)[17]
Emirates DubaiInternational
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
EVA Air TaipeiTaoyuan
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
Japan Airlines TokyoHaneda, TokyoNarita
Jeju Air SeoulIncheon
Jetstar Airways Melbourne, Sydney
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore
Jetstar Pacific Airlines BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Buon Ma Thuot, Chu Lai, Da Lat, Da Nang, Dong Hoi, Guangzhou, Hai Phong, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Nha Trang, Hue, Quy Nhon, Singapore, Thanh Hoa, Tuy Hoa, Vinh
Korean Air SeoulIncheon
Lanmei Airlines Siem Reap
Lao Airlines Pakse
Malaysia Airlines Kuala LumpurInternational
Malindo Air Kuala LumpurInternational
Mandarin Airlines Taichung
Nok Air BangkokDon Mueang
Nordwind Airlines MoscowSheremetyevo
Philippine Airlines Manila
Philippines AirAsia Manila
Qatar Airways Doha, Phnom Penh
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan
Scoot Singapore
Sichuan Airlines Nanning
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Spring Airlines ShanghaiPudong
Thai AirAsia BangkokDon Mueang
Thai Airways BangkokSuvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air BangkokDon Mueang
Turkish Airlines IstanbulAtatürk
T'way Airlines SeoulIncheon
Vanilla Air TaipeiTaoyuan (ends 25 March 2018)
Vietjet Air BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Buon Ma Thuot, Chiang Mai, Chu Lai, Da Lat, Da Nang, Dong Hoi, Hai Phong, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Hue, JakartaSoekarnoHatta, Kaohsiung, Kuala LumpurInternational, Nha Trang, Phnom Penh, Phu Quoc, Pleiku, Qui Nhon, Phuket, SeoulIncheon, Singapore, Taichung, Tainan, TaipeiTaoyuan, Thanh Hoa, Vinh, Yangon
Vietnam Airlines Buon Ma Thuot, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Da Lat, Da Nang, Dong Hoi, Chengdu, Busan, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Hai Phong, Hanoi, Hue, Hong Kong, JakartaSoekarnoHatta, Kaohsiung, Kuala LumpurInternational, LondonHeathrow, Melbourne, NagoyaCentrair, Nanning, Nha Trang, OsakaKansai, Phu Quoc, Pleiku, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Qui Nhon, Rach Gia, SeoulIncheon, ShanghaiPudong, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, TaipeiTaoyuan, TokyoNarita, Thanh Hoa, Vinh, Yangon
Charter: Gaya
Vietnam Airlines
operated by VASCO
Ca Mau, Chu Lai, Con Dao, Tuy Hoa
XiamenAir Xiamen
Cargo
Airlines Destinations
Cargolux Luxembourg
Cathay Pacific JakartaSoekarnoHatta, Hong Kong
China Airlines Cargo Abu Dhabi, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Luxembourg, Singapore, TaipeiTaoyuan
DHL Aviation
operated by Air Hong Kong
Hong Kong, Penang
FedEx Express Guangzhou, Hanoi, JakartaSoekarnoHatta
Korean Air Cargo JakartaSoekarnoHatta, SeoulIncheon
MASkargo Kuala LumpurInternational, Labuan, BangkokSuvarnabhumi
Raya Airways Labuan

Statistics

Future Plans

Tan Son Nhat International Airport is located inside the crowded city of Ho Chi Minh City, making expansions difficult.

Following a recent decision by the Vietnamese Prime Minister, a new airportLong Thanh International Airportwill replace Tan Son Nhat airport for international departure use. The master plan for the new airport was approved in April 2006. The new airport will be built in Long Thanh county, Dong Nai province, about 40 km (25 mi) east of Ho Chi Minh City and 65 km (40 mi) north of the petroleum-focused city of Vung Tau, near Highway 51A.

Long Thanh International Airport will be constructed on an area of 50 square kilometers (19 sq mi), and will have four runways (4,000 m x 60 m or 13,100 ft x 200 ft) and be capable of receiving the Airbus A380. The project will be divided in two stages. Stage One calls for the construction of two parallel runways and a terminal with a capacity of 20 million passengers per year, due to be completed in 2025. Stage Two is scheduled for completion in 2035, giving the airport with three passenger terminals and a cargo terminal designed to receive 5 million metric tons of cargo per year. The total invested capital of this project is an estimated US$8 billion.

Upon completion of Long Thanh International Airport, Tan Son Nhat Airport will serve domestic passengers only. Long Thanh International Airport is expected to be the leading airport on the Indochinese peninsula, and one of the busiest air transportation hubs in the southeast Asian region.[18]

See also

References

  1. ^ "2015 Statistics of ACV". vietnamairport.vn. Airports Corporation of Vietnam. Retrieved 19 January 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "ACV: Hi ngh tng kt công tác nm 2016 và trin khai k hoch nm 2017". ACV. 20 January 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  3. ^ "M rng Tân Sn Nht: Ti sao không?" (in Vietnamese). 2017-01-20. Retrieved 2017-01-20. 
  4. ^ Pan Am System Timetable, April 29, 1973
  5. ^ Christian, J. Scott, former Continental employee and manager, Bring Songs to the Sky: Recollections of Continental Airlines, 19701986, Quadran Press, 1998.
  6. ^ United Airlines Flight Timetables, Download to PC, PDA or Blackberry
  7. ^ Official number from Tan Son Nhat Airport Authority at its official website
  8. ^ a b Two more Hanoi<>Saigon flights per day for Pacific Airlines on "Vietnamnet.net, access date 11 November 2007, (in Vietnamese) [1]
  9. ^ a b News about Tan Son Nhat International Airport on Official Website of Ministry of Transport of Vietnam, 12 November 2007, Vietnamese Archived 12 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ "Sân bay Tân Sn Nht tng nng lc phc v". nld.com.vn. Ngi Lao ng. Retrieved 7 January 2015.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  11. ^ "Tân Sn Nht sp có thêm 21 ch u máy bay". VNExpress. Retrieved 2 November 2017. 
  12. ^ Le, Nam. "Khánh thành nhà ga sân bay Tân Sn Nht". Tuoi Tre Online. Retrieved 2 November 2017. 
  13. ^ a b "2005 - 2014 Statistics of Tan Son Nhat Intl Airport". Civil Aviation Authority of Vietnam. Archived from the original on 18 April 2015. Retrieved 2 November 2017. 
  14. ^ Dinh, Tuan. "Nhà ga quc t Tân Sn Nht m rng 8.780 m2". Vietnamnet. Retrieved 2 November 2017. 
  15. ^ "2.300 t ng m rng ga quc t sân bay Tân Sn Nht". VNExpress. Retrieved 2 November 2017. 
  16. ^ Two more HanoiSaigon flights per day for Pacific Airlines on "Vietnamnet.net, access date 11 November 2007, (in English) [2]
  17. ^ [3]
  18. ^ Cng c lun chng xây dng sân bay Long Thành, Tiên Lăng Website thông tin Hàng không & Cuc sng

External links


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