Toronto Pearson International Airport
Aéroport international Pearson de Toronto
|Operator||Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA)|
|Location||Mississauga and Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
|Focus city for|
|Time zone||EST (UTC05:00)|
|Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC04:00)|
|Elevation AMSL||569 ft / 173 m|
FAA airport diagram
Lester B. Pearson International Airport, corporately branded as Toronto Pearson International Airport (IATA: YYZ, ICAO: CYYZ) (also known as Pearson Airport or Pearson), is the primary international airport serving Toronto, its metropolitan area, and surrounding region known as the Golden Horseshoe in the province of Ontario, Canada. It is the largest and busiest airport in Canada, the second-busiest international air passenger gateway in the Americas, and the 30th-busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic, handling 47.1 million passengers in 2017. The airport is named in honour of Lester B. Pearson, Nobel Peace Prize laureate and 14th Prime Minister of Canada.
Toronto Pearson is located 22.5 kilometres (14.0 mi) northwest of Downtown Toronto, with the majority of the airport situated in the adjacent city of Mississauga, and a small portion of the airfield extending into Toronto's western district of Etobicoke. It features five runways and two passenger terminals along with numerous cargo and maintenance facilities on a site that covers 1,867 hectares (4,613 acres).
Pearson Airport is the main hub for Air Canada. It also serves as a hub for WestJet, cargo airline FedEx Express and as a base of operations for Air Transat and Sunwing Airlines. Pearson is operated by the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) as part of Transport Canada's National Airports System, and is one of eight airports in Canada with United States border preclearance.
An extensive network of non-stop domestic flights is operated from Toronto Pearson by several airlines to all major and many secondary cities across all provinces of Canada. As of 2019, over 75 airlines operate around 1,250 daily departures from the airport to more than 180 destinations across all six of the world's inhabited continents.
In 1937, the Government of Canada agreed to support the building of two airports in the Toronto area. One site selected was on the Toronto Islands in Downtown Toronto, which is the present-day Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport. The other site selected was an area northwest of Toronto near the town of Malton, which was originally intended to serve as an alternate to the downtown airport but instead would become its successor. The first scheduled passenger flight at the Malton Airport was a Trans-Canada Air Lines DC-3 that landed on August 29, 1939.
During World War II, the Royal Canadian Air Force established a base at the airport as a component of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. RCAF Station Malton was home to several training schools and was in operation between 1940-1946.
In 1958, the City of Toronto sold the Malton Airport to Transport Canada, who subsequently changed the name of the facility to Toronto International Airport. The airport was officially renamed Lester B. Pearson International Airport in 1984, in honour of Toronto-born Lester B. Pearson, the fourteenth Prime Minister of Canada and recipient of the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize. The Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) assumed management, operation, and control of the airport in 1996, and has used the name Toronto Pearson International Airport for the facility since their acquisition.
Toronto Pearson International Airport has two active public terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 3. Both terminals are designed to handle all three sectors of travel (domestic, transborder, and international), which results in terminal operations at Pearson being grouped for airlines and airline alliances, rather than for domestic and international routes.
A third public terminal, the Infield Terminal (IFT), currently acts as an extension of Terminal 3 providing additional bridged gates.
Measuring over 346,000 square metres (3,724,000 sq ft), Terminal 1 is the largest airport terminal in Canada and the 12th largest in the world by floor space. Air Canada and all other Star Alliance airlines that serve Pearson are based at Terminal 1. Non-alliance airline Emirates also uses the terminal.
Terminal 1 was designed by a joint venture known as Airports Architects Canada made up of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, Adamson Associates Architects and Moshe Safdie and Associates. It contains 58 gates: D1, D3, D5, D7-D12, D20, D22, D24, D26, D28, D31D45 (D32, D34, D36 also serve US flights and carry F designation), D51, D53, D55, D57 (also carry F designation), F60F63, F64AF64B, F65, F66AF66B, F/E67F/E81 (F68-F73 and F78-F81 serve both US and international flights but E74-E77 are international only), F91, and F93. Two of the gates, E73 and E75, can accommodate the Airbus A380.
Along with the standard customs and immigration facilities, Terminal 1 also contains special customs "B" checkpoints along the international arrivals walkway. Passengers connecting from an international or trans-border arrival to another international (non-U.S.) departure in Terminal 1 go to one of these checkpoints for passport control and immigration checks, then are immediately directed to Pier F for departure. This alleviates the need to recheck bags, pass through security screening, and relieves congestion in the primary customs hall.
An 8-level parking garage with 8,400 public parking spaces (including 700 rental car spaces)  across from Terminal 1 is connected to the terminal by several elevated and enclosed pedestrian walkways.
Terminal 3 is a 178,000-square-metre (1,916,000 sq ft) facility designed by B+H Architects and Scott Associates Architects Inc. It is used by all SkyTeam and Oneworld airlines that serve Pearson, along with Air Transat, Etihad Airways, Sunwing Airlines, WestJet and all other airlines that are unaffiliated with an airline alliance (except Emirates, which uses Terminal 1). Terminal 3 has 46 gates: B1a-B1d, B2a, B2c, B3-B5, A6d-A6f, A7A16, B17-B20 (Also, A17-A20 for transborder flights), B22-B29, C30-C36 and B37B41.
A 5-level parking garage with 3,800 public parking spaces (including 600 rental car spaces)  is located directly across from the terminal along with the Sheraton Hotel, both of which are connected to Terminal 3 by an elevated pedestrian walkway.
Since June 2018, the GTAA has used the Infield Terminal to act as an extension of Terminal 3 to provide additional bridged gates. Passengers on flights arriving or departing from gates at the Infield Terminal are transported by bus to/from Terminal 3.
The Infield Terminal was originally built to handle traffic displaced during the development and construction of the current Terminal 1. Its 11 gates (521 to 531) were opened gradually throughout 2002 and 2003, and a business lounge was opened in 2005. In 2009, the Infield Terminal (also known as the IFT) was closed for regular operations in conjunction with the official opening of the newly constructed Terminal 1. However the GTAA retained plans to reactivate the IFT for regular operations whenever necessary to accommodate seasonal or overflow demand.
Renovations were completed at the Infield Terminal in early 2018, and on June 5, 2018, the terminal was reactivated for summer operations by the GTAA to act as an extension of Terminal 3 with the purpose of providing required additional bridged gates. Passengers are transported by bus between Terminal 3 and the Infield Terminal.
The IFT is also frequently used as a location to film major motion pictures and television productions.
Skyservice FBO operates an 800-square-metre (8,611 sq ft) private VIP terminal at Toronto Pearson on Midfield Road, in the infield area of the airport. The terminal handles most private aircraft arriving and departing at Pearson, providing passenger services that include 24/7 concierge, private customs and immigration facilities, personalized catering, showers, direct handling of baggage, and VIP ground transportation services.
Toronto Pearson has five runways, three of which are aligned in the east-west direction, and two in the north-south direction. A large network of taxiways, collectively measuring over 40 km (25 mi) in length, provides access between the runways and the passenger terminals, air cargo areas, and airline hangar areas.
|05/23||3,389.4 metres (11,120 ft)||61 metres (200 ft)||Cat. IIIa (05), Cat. I (23)||East-West|
|06L/24R||2,955.6 metres (9,697 ft)||61 metres (200 ft)||Cat. IIIa (6L), Cat. I (24R)||East-West|
|06R/24L||2,743.2 metres (9,000 ft)||61 metres (200 ft)||Cat. I (both directions)||East-West|
|15L/33R||3,368 metres (11,050 ft)||61 metres (200 ft)||Cat. I (both directions)||North-South|
|15R/33L||2,770 metres (9,088 ft)||61 metres (200 ft)||Cat. I (both directions)||North-South|
Pearson is home to Toronto Area Control Centre, one of seven Air Control Centers in Canada, all of which are operated by Nav Canada. The airport's main control tower is located within the infield operations area. Pearson is one of two airports in Canada with a Traffic Management Unit (TMU) to control planes on the apron areas. The TMU is located in the tower at Terminal 1.
The Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) Fire and Emergency Service maintains 3 fire stations on the airport property, with a team of more than 80 firefighters that provide fire and rescue operations at Pearson. The fire service is equipped with 6 crash tenders as well as several pumpers, aerial ladders, and heavy rescue units.
The airport's 115-member airfield maintenance unit is responsible for general maintenance and repairs at the airport. From mid-November to mid-April, the unit is in winter mode armed with a $38 million snow removal budget. The airport employs over 94 pieces of snow clearance equipment, including 11 Vammas PSB series and 4 Oshkosh HT-Series snowplow units, and 14 snow melters.
Pearson Airport's Central De-icing Facility is the largest in the world, servicing about 10,500 aircraft each winter. The six de-icing bays can handle up to 12 aircraft at a time and take between 2 and 19 minutes per aircraft.
Toronto Pearson handles over 50% of total international air cargo in Canada. The airport has three main cargo facilities, known as Cargo West (Infield), Cargo East (VISTA), and Cargo North (FedEx).
The Cargo West facility (also known as the Infield Cargo Area) is located between runways 15L/33R and 15R/33L. It is a multi-tenant facility including three large buildings with 52,600 square metres (566,000 sq ft) of warehouse space, a common use cargo apron, vehicle parking, and a truck maneuvering area. A four-lane vehicle tunnel connects the Infield Cargo Area to the passenger terminal area of the airport.
The Cargo East facility (also known as the VISTA cargo area) is located north of Terminal 3. The VISTA cargo area is a multi-tenant facility of several buildings organized in a U-shape, with 29,500 square metres (318,000 sq ft) of warehouse space and an adjacent common use cargo apron.
The Cargo North facility is the Canadian hub for FedEx Express. The site occupies an area on the north side of the airport lands near runway 05/23, and is home to two buildings operated exclusively by FedEx with 32,100 square metres (346,000 sq ft) of warehouse space and a dedicated cargo apron.
Pearson Airport has seven aircraft maintenance hangars, operated by Air Canada, Air Transat, Westjet, and the GTAA, which are used for line maintenance and routine aircraft inspections. The airfield's north end has numerous hangars for personal private jets and charter aircraft, along with passenger facilities and maintenance services for them.
The Greater Toronto Airports Authority maintains offices at 3111 Convair Drive, near the southeast corner of the airport. Gate Gourmet and CLS Catering Services both operate dedicated flight kitchen facilities at Pearson for airline catering services. Aviation fuel (Jet A-1) is supplied by Esso Avitat and Shell Aerocentre, both located in the airport's infield area.
The Peel Regional Police is the primary law enforcement agency at Toronto Pearson. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) also maintain a Toronto Airport Detachment at Pearson which provides federal law enforcement services.
The Canadian Air Transport Security Authority (CATSA) is responsible for security screening procedures at Pearson Airport. Other government agencies with security operations at Pearson include the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), and Transport Canada. In addition, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (CIS) also conduct operations at the airport to facilitate United States border preclearance.
|Air Canada|| Amsterdam, Antigua, Aruba, Austin, BeijingCapital, Bermuda, Buenos AiresEzeiza, Calgary, ChicagoO'Hare, Copenhagen, Curaçao, Delhi, Denver, DubaiInternational, Dublin, Edmonton, Fort McMurray, Frankfurt, Geneva, Grand Cayman, Halifax, Hong Kong, HoustonIntercontinental, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, MilanMalpensa, MontréalTrudeau, Munich, New YorkLaGuardia, Ottawa, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Providenciales, Regina, RomeFiumicino, St. John's (NL), San Francisco, Santiago de Chile, São PauloGuarulhos, Saskatoon, Seattle/Tacoma, SeoulIncheon, ShanghaiPudong, Sydney (AU), Tel AvivBen Gurion, TokyoHaneda, Vancouver, Vienna (begins April 29, 2019), Winnipeg, Zürich|
Seasonal: Boston, George Town/Exuma, Honolulu, Huatulco, IxtapaZihuatanejo, Mumbai, Newark, Portland (OR), ReykjavíkKeflavík, San Juan, Shannon, St. Maarten, Sydney (NS), TokyoNarita, West Palm Beach
|Air Canada Express|| Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Charlotte, Cincinnati, Cleveland, ColumbusGlenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Fredericton, Hartford, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Kingston (ON), London (ON), Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Moncton, MontréalTrudeau, Nashville, New Orleans, Newark, North Bay, Omaha, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Québec City, Raleigh/Durham, Saint John (NB), St. Louis, San Antonio, Sarnia, Sault Ste. Marie (ON), Sudbury, Thunder Bay, Timmins, WashingtonDulles, WashingtonNational, Windsor|
Seasonal: Charlottetown, Gander, Mont Tremblant, Providence (RI), Savannah, Sydney (NS)
|Air Canada Rouge|| Barbados, Bogotá, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Deer Lake, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Grenada, Havana, Holguín, Kelowna, KingstonNorman Manley, Las Vegas, Liberia, Lima, Mexico City, Miami, Montego Bay, Nassau, Orlando, Panama City, PhoenixSky Harbor, Port of Spain, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Québec City, St. LuciaHewanorra, St. VincentArgyle, Samaná, San Diego, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Clara, Tampa, Varadero, Victoria|
Seasonal: Abbotsford, Athens, Barcelona, Belize City, BerlinTegel, Bucharest, Budapest, Cartagena, Charlottetown, Cozumel, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Kamloops, Lisbon, Manchester (UK), Nanaimo, Palm Springs, Porto, Prague, St. Kitts, San José del Cabo, Sarasota, VeniceMarco Polo, WarsawChopin, Zagreb
|Air France||ParisCharles de Gaulle|||
|Air Italy||MilanMalpensa (begins May 6, 2019)|||
|Air Transat||Calgary, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Fort Lauderdale, Glasgow, Holguín, Lisbon, LondonGatwick, Manchester (UK), Montego Bay, MontréalTrudeau, Orlando, Porto, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Samaná, Santa Clara, Vancouver, Varadero |
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Cartagena, Dublin, Edmonton, Faro, Fort-de-France, Huatulco, Lamezia Terme, La Romana, Liberia, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Puerto Vallarta, RomeFiumicino, Saint LuciaHewanorra, Santo DomingoLas Américas, St. Maarten, San José de Costa Rica, San Juan, Santiago de Cuba, Tampa, VeniceMarco Polo, Zagreb
|American Airlines||Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami|||
|American Eagle||Charlotte, ChicagoO'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, New YorkJFK, New YorkLaGuardia, Philadelphia, WashingtonNational|||
|Austrian Airlines||Vienna (ends April 28, 2019)|||
|Avianca Costa Rica||San Salvador|||
|Azores Airlines|| Lisbon, Ponta Delgada, Porto |
|British Airways|| LondonHeathrow |
|Caribbean Airlines||KingstonNorman Manley, Port of Spain|||
|Cathay Pacific||Hong Kong|||
|China Eastern Airlines||ShanghaiPudong|||
|China Southern Airlines||Guangzhou|||
|Copa Airlines||Panama City|||
|Cubana de Aviación||Camagüey, Cayo Coco, Cayo Largo del Sur, Cienfuegos, Havana, Holguín, Santa Clara, Santiago de Cuba, Varadero|||
|Delta Air Lines|| Atlanta, Salt Lake City |
Seasonal: Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul
|Delta Connection|| Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New YorkJFK|
|El Al||Tel AvivBen Gurion|||
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa|||
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi|||
|Flair Airlines|| Edmonton, Winnipeg |
Seasonal: Halifax (begins May 2, 2019), Miami
|Fly Jamaica Airways||GeorgetownCheddi Jagan, KingstonNorman Manley|||
|Interjet||Cancún, Mexico City|||
|Jet Airways||Amsterdam, Delhi|||
|LOT Polish Airlines||WarsawChopin|||
|Lufthansa|| Frankfurt |
|Pakistan International Airlines||Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore|||
|Sunwing Airlines|| Antigua, Aruba, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Freeport, Holguín, Mazatlán, Miami, Montego Bay, Orlando, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Río Hato, Saint LuciaHewanorra, San José del Cabo, Santa Clara, St. Maarten (resumes February 28, 2019), Varadero |
Seasonal: Bonaire, Camagüey, Cienfuegos, Cozumel, Curaçao, Daytona Beach (begins January 29, 2019), Gander, Grenada, Huatulco, IxtapaZihuatanejo, La Romana, Liberia, Manzanillo (Cuba), Nassau, St. John's (NL), St. Petersburg/Clearwater, Stephenville, Saint VincentArgyle, Tobago, Vancouver
|TAP Air Portugal||Lisbon|||
|Ukraine International Airlines||KievBoryspil|||
|United Airlines||ChicagoO'Hare, Denver, HoustonIntercontinental, San Francisco (begins March 31, 2019)|||
|United Express||ChicagoO'Hare, HoustonIntercontinental, Newark, WashingtonDulles|||
|WestJet|| Antigua, Aruba, Barbados, Bermuda, Calgary, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Charlottetown, Edmonton, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Grand Cayman, Halifax, Kelowna, KingstonNorman Manley, Las Vegas, Liberia, LondonGatwick, Los Angeles, Montego Bay, MontréalTrudeau, Nassau, New YorkLaGuardia, Orlando, Ottawa, Port of Spain, Providenciales, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Regina, Saint LuciaHewanorra, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Clara, St. John's (NL), St. Maarten, Samaná, Saskatoon, Tampa, Vancouver, Varadero, Winnipeg|
Seasonal: Barcelona (begins May 24, 2019), Belize City, Cozumel, Curaçao, Deer Lake, Dublin, Glasgow, Holguín, Huatulco, Mérida, Miami, Nashville, PhoenixSky Harbor, San Juan, Sydney (NS), Victoria
|WestJet Encore|| Boston, Fredericton, London (ON), Moncton, MontréalTrudeau, Nashville, Ottawa, Québec City, Thunder Bay |
Seasonal: Myrtle Beach
|Cathay Pacific Cargo||Anchorage, Hong Kong, New YorkJFK||VISTA|
|FedEx Express||Calgary, Edmonton, Indianapolis, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul, MontréalMirabel, North Bay, Sault Ste. Marie (ON), Sudbury, Timmins, Vancouver, Winnipeg||FedEx|
|Korean Air Cargo||Anchorage, New YorkJFK, SeoulIncheon||Cargo West|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Frankfurt||Cargo West|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||ChicagoO'Hare, IstanbulAtatürk, Maastricht||VISTA|
Taxicabs and limousines can be accessed at designated taxi stands located outside of both Terminal 1 and Terminal 3. Only official airport-licensed taxis and limousines can legally pick up passengers at Pearson, and all airport-licensed taxi and limo companies use GTAA authorized flat rate fares for travel from the airport.
Toronto Pearson is directly accessible from Highway 427 and Highway 409 with Airport Road and Dixon Road providing local access to the airport. There are 12,200 parking spaces available in parking garages adjacent to Terminal 1 and Terminal 3, in addition to several other parking lots located in the immediate area.
Car rentals are available from various major car rental agencies located in the parking garages adjacent to both terminals. Car rentals are also available from off-airport car rental agencies located near Toronto Pearson Viscount Station, accessible from both terminals via the Link Train.
Pearson is served by several out-of-town van and minibus shuttle operators which provide transportation from the airport to various settlements throughout Southern Ontario, and to select cities and towns in the American states of New York and Michigan.
In February 2017, the GTAA announced a proposed transit hub to be located across from Terminal 3 that would connect with Union Pearson Express and may connect with other transit lines extended to the airport like Line 5 Eglinton LRT and GO Transit Regional Express Rail. This proposal would eliminate the Link Train connecting Terminals 1 and 3 with a bridge from the transit hub to Terminal 3 and another bridge connecting Terminal 3 to Terminal 1.
|Year||Total passengers||% change||Domesticc||% change||Transborderc||% change||Internationalc||% change|
The Airport occupies some 1,867 ha (4,613 acres) and is adjacent to Highway 401, the main east/west highway route through southern Ontario and the busiest highway in North America. The bulk of the Airport (1,824 ha 4,507 acres) is within the City of Mississauga with 43 ha (106 acres) located within the City of Toronto.
Toronto Pearson now operates two main passenger terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 3.
Air Canada's four hubs, Toronto (YYZ), the primary global hub, Montreal (YUL), the gateway to French international markets, Vancouver (YVR), the airline's premier gateway to Asia Pacific, and Calgary (YYC), offer Air Canada customers smooth connections under one roof.
Passengers flying on Aer Lingus, WOW, Azores, Icelandair, Condor and Ukraine International will be boarding their aircraft at the Infield Terminal, accessed by bus that leaves from Terminal 3.
Located on a 470-acre [190 ha] site between four major runways, this $250 million development is Canada's largest design-build project and comprised of six structures totaling 1,356,360 square feet: the Air Canada Maintenance Building, three cargo buildings including the Air Canada Cargo Terminal, a 3-bay Hangar Facility, and the 11-gate Infield Holdroom Terminal.
The Infield Terminal (IFT) was constructed to provide interim gating capacity during the phased construction of Terminal 1. The first two gates became operational in June 2002, with the remaining nine gates opening the following year. (The final three gates opened in July 2003, bringing the total available to 11.)
Air Canada will officially open its newest Maple Leaf Lounge at the Infield Terminal at Toronto Pearson Airport on February 10, 2005.
Toronto Pearson handles about 50 per cent of the international air cargo in Canada, making our airport a critical link in the supply chain of Canadian businesses.
It's a 1.5-kilometre train with three stations gliding along an elevated guideway connecting Terminals 1, 3 and a reduced rate parking area serving both passengers and employees of the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA).
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|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Toronto Pearson International Airport.|