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Airport Toronto (Canada) - Pearson International

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Toronto Pearson International Airport
Aéroport international Pearson de Toronto
Airport type Public
Owner Transport Canada
Operator Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA)
Serves Greater Toronto Area
Location Mississauga and Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Hub for
Focus city for
Time zone EST (UTC05:00)
  Summer (DST) EDT (UTC04:00)
Elevation AMSL 569 ft / 173 m
Coordinates 43°4036N 079°3750W / 43.67667°N 79.63056°W / 43.67667; -79.63056Coordinates: 43°4036N 079°3750W / 43.67667°N 79.63056°W / 43.67667; -79.63056
Website www.torontopearson.com
Location within Toronto
Direction Length Surface
ft m
05/23 11,120 3,389 Asphalt/Concrete
06L/24R 9,697 2,956 Asphalt
06R/24L 9,000 2,743 Asphalt
15L/33R 11,050 3,368 Asphalt
15R/33L 9,088 2,770 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 44,335,198
Aircraft movements 456,536
Sources: Canada Flight Supplement[1]
Environment Canada[2]
Transport Canada[3]
Movements from GTAA[4]
Toronto Pearson Traffic Summary[5]

Toronto Pearson International Airport (IATA: YYZICAO: CYYZ), officially named Lester B. Pearson International Airport (frequently shortened to Toronto Pearson, Pearson Airport, or simply Pearson), is an international airport serving the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, the Greater Toronto Area, and the Golden Horseshoe, an urban agglomeration of 9.2 million people.[6] The airport is located 22.5 km (14.0 mi) northwest of Downtown Toronto, with the bulk of the airport (including the two main terminals) located in the adjacent city of Mississauga, and a small portion of the airfield extending into Etobicoke, Toronto's western district.[7] The airport is named in honour of Toronto-born Lester B. Pearson, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate and 14th Prime Minister of Canada.

Pearson Airport is the largest and busiest airport in Canada. In 2016, it handled 44,335,198 passengers and 456,536 aircraft movements,[5] making it the world's 32nd-busiest airport by total passenger traffic, 22nd-busiest airport by international passenger traffic, and 15th-busiest airport by flights. Pearson is also the 2nd-busiest airport by international passenger traffic in North America, the busiest being John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City.[8]

Pearson is the main hub for Air Canada.[9][10] It is also a hub for passenger airline WestJet and cargo airline FedEx Express, and serves as an operating base for passenger airlines Air Transat and Sunwing Airlines. Pearson Airport is operated by the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) as part of Transport Canada's National Airports System.[11] In 1952, the airport became the first in the world to provide facilities for United States border preclearance,[12] and is now one of eight Canadian airports with such facilities.

An extensive network of non-stop domestic flights is operated from Pearson by several airlines to all major and many secondary cities across all provinces of Canada.[13] As of 2018, over 75 airlines operate around 1,100 daily departures from Toronto Pearson to more than 180 destinations across all six of the world's inhabited continents.[14][15][16]


In 1937, the Government of Canada agreed to support the building of two airports for Toronto, Ontario. One site was downtown, today's Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport. The other was to be outside the city, intended as a backup for the downtown airport. A site on a ghost-town called Elmbank near the town of Malton, northwest of Toronto, was chosen[17] and the Toronto Harbour Commission purchased and acquired several farms to provide the land for the airfield.[18][19] The first scheduled passenger flight for the new Malton Airport was a Trans-Canada Air Lines DC-3 that landed on August 29, 1939.[20]

During World War II, the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP) operated No. 1 Elementary Service Flying School (EFTS) and No. 1 Air Observer School (AOS) at Malton Airport.[21][22]

In 1958, the City of Toronto sold the Malton Airport to Transport Canada, who subsequently changed the name of the facility to Toronto International Airport.[23] The airport was officially renamed Lester B. Pearson International Airport in 1984, in honour of Lester B. Pearson, the fourteenth Prime Minister of Canada and recipient of the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize. The Greater Toronto Airports Authority assumed management, operation, and control of the airport in 1996.[24]


Toronto Pearson International Airport has two active public terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 3. Both terminals are designed to handle all three sectors of travel (domestic, transborder, and international), which results in terminal operations at Pearson being grouped for airlines and airline alliances, rather than for domestic and international routes.

A third terminal, the Infield Terminal (IFT), is not currently used for regular operations at Pearson.

Terminal 1

Measuring over 567,000 square metres (6,000,000 sq ft), Terminal 1 is the largest terminal at Pearson Airport and is among the largest buildings in the world by floor space. Air Canada and all other Star Alliance airlines that serve Toronto Pearson operate out of Terminal 1. The terminal is also used by non-alliance airline Emirates.

Terminal 1 was designed by a joint venture known as Airports Architects Canada, comprising Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, Adamson Associates Architects and Moshe Safdie and Associates.[25] It contains 58 gates: D1, D3, D5, D7-D12, D20, D22, D24, D26, D28, D31D45 (D32, D34, D36 also serve US flights and carry F designation), D51, D53, D55, D57 (also carry F designation), F60F63, F64AF64B, F65, F66AF66B, F/E67F/E81 (F68-F73 and F78-F81 serve both US and international flights but E74-E77 are international only), F91, and F93. Two of the gates, E73 and E75, can accommodate the Airbus A380.

Along with the standard customs and immigration facilities, Terminal 1 also contains special customs "B" checkpoints along the international arrivals walkway. Passengers that are connecting from an international or trans-border arrival to another international (non-U.S.) departure in Terminal 1 go to one of these checkpoints for passport control and immigration checks, then are immediately directed to Pier F for departure. This alleviates the need to recheck bags, pass through security screening, and relieves congestion in the primary customs hall.[26]

A large, 8-level parking garage with 9,000 parking spaces is located across from Terminal 1, and is connected to the terminal by several elevated and enclosed pedestrian walkways.[23]

Terminal 1 is home to the ThyssenKrupp Express Walkway, the world's fastest moving walkway.[27]

Terminal 3

Terminal 3 is used by all SkyTeam and Oneworld airlines that serve Pearson, along with WestJet, Air Transat, Sunwing Airlines, Etihad Airways, and most other airlines that are unaffiliated with an airline alliance. The terminal has 100,000 square metres (1,100,000 sq ft) of floor space[28] and features 48 gates: A1A6, B1a-B1d, B2a-B2b, B3-B5, B7B20, B22 and C24C41.

A 5-level parking garage with 4,200 parking spaces is located directly across from the terminal along with the Sheraton Hotel, both of which are connected to Terminal 3 by an elevated pedestrian walkway.[23][29]

Infield Terminal (IFT)

The infield terminal was built to handle traffic displaced during the development and construction of the current Terminal 1.[30] Its gates were opened in 2002 and 2003,[31] and a first class lounge was opened in 2005.[32] The terminal, also known as the IFT, has 11 gates (521 to 531). When it was in regular use, passengers were transported by bus between Terminal 1 and the IFT to reach their gates.[31] Though currently not used for regular operations, plans are in place to reactivate it if necessary in the future to accommodate seasonal or overflow demand, or to provide additional capacity during future terminal building construction at the airport.

In December 2015, the Infield Terminal was upgraded and temporarily reopened to handle the Syrian refugees accepted and re-settling in Canada.[33] After the last government-chartered refugee flight arrived on February 29, 2016, the terminal was deactivated. In total, the Infield Terminal handled 56 refugee flights carrying 13,628 refugees.[34]

The Infield Terminal is frequently used as a location to film major motion pictures and television productions.[35]

VIP Terminal

Skyservice FBO operates an 800 square metres (8,610 sq ft) VIP terminal at Toronto Pearson located on Midfield Road, in the infield area of the airport.[36][37] The terminal handles most private aircraft arriving and departing at Pearson, providing passenger services that include 24/7 concierge, private customs and immigration facilities, personalized catering, showers, direct handling of baggage, and VIP ground transportation services.[36][38]

Infrastructure and operations


There are currently five runways in operation at Toronto Pearson, aligned in both the east-west direction and the north-south direction. A large network of taxiways, collectively measuring over 40 kilometres (25 mi) in length,[39] provides access between the runways and the passenger terminals, air cargo areas, and airline hangar areas.[40] The airport occupies 4,613 acres (1,867 ha) of land.

Number Length Width ILS Alignment
05/23 3,389.4 metres (11,120 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. IIIa (05), Cat. I (23) East-West
06L/24R 2,955.6 metres (9,697 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. IIIa (6L), Cat. I (24R) East-West
06R/24L 2,743.2 metres (9,000 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. I (both directions) East-West
15L/33R 3,368 metres (11,050 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. I (both directions) North-South
15R/33L 2,770 metres (9,088 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. I (both directions) North-South
Airfield operations

Pearson is home to Toronto Area Control Centre, one of seven Air Control Centers in Canada, all of which are operated by Nav Canada. The airport's main control tower is located within the infield operations area. Pearson is one of two airports in Canada with a Traffic Management Unit (TMU) to control planes on the apron areas.[41] The TMU is located in the tower at Terminal 1.

The Greater Toronto Airports Authority Fire and Emergency Service has 2 fire stations to provide firefighting and rescue operations. The fire service has 5 crash tenders as well as two pumpers, an aerial ladder and heavy rescue unit. The fire service is supported by a crew of 80 firefighters.

The airport's 115-member airfield maintenance unit is responsible for general maintenance and repairs at the airport. From mid-November to mid-April, the unit is in winter mode armed with a $38 million snow removal budget.[42] The airport employs 94 pieces of snow clearance equipment, including 11 Vammas PSB series[42] and 4 Oshkosh HT-Series[43] snowplow units, along with 14 snow melters.[44]

Pearson Airport's Central De-icing Facility is the largest in the world, servicing about 10,500 aircraft each winter.[44] The six de-icing bays can handle up to 12 aircraft at a time, taking between 2 and 19 minutes per aircraft.[45]

Cargo facilities

Toronto Pearson processes over 45% of total air cargo in Canada.[46] There are three primary cargo facilities at the airport, known as The Cargo West Facilities, the VISTA Cargo area, and the FedEx cargo area.[47]

The Cargo West Facilities (also known as the Infield Cargo Area) are located between runways 15L/33R and 15R/33L. The area includes three large buildings, a common use cargo apron, vehicle parking, and a truck maneuvering area. It is connected to the passenger terminal area by a four-lane vehicle tunnel.[48] The VISTA cargo area (also known as Cargo East) is a privately owned and operated complex that is located north of Terminal 3. The VISTA cargo area consists of a multi-tenant facility organized in a U-shape with an adjacent cargo apron area.[48] The FedEx Cargo area (also known as Cargo North) is the Canadian hub for FedEx Express. The site occupies an area on the north side of the airport lands near runway 05/23, and is home to two cargo buildings along with dedicated ramp space.[48]

Other facilities

There are seven aircraft maintenance hangars located at Pearson Airport, operated by Air Canada, Air Transat, Westjet, and the GTAA, which are used for line maintenance and routine aircraft inspections.[48] At the north end of the airfield, there are numerous hangars for personal private jets and charter aircraft, along with passenger facilities and maintenance services for these aircraft.[49]

The Greater Toronto Airports Authority maintains offices that are located on Convair Drive near the southeast corner of the airport. Cara Operations and CLS Catering Services both operate dedicated flight kitchen facilities at Pearson for airline catering services.[48] Aviation fuel (Jet A-1) is supplied by Esso Avitat and Shell Aerocentre, which are both located in the infield area of the airport.[48]

The Peel Regional Police is the primary law enforcement agency operating at Pearson Airport. The Airport Division is based at 2951 Convair Drive, on the southern perimeter of the airport adjacent to Highway 401.[50] The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) also maintain a Pearson Airport Detachment, which provides federal police services. The Detachment is located at 255 Attwell Drive, east of the airport in Etobicoke.[51]

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations Refs
Aer Lingus Dublin [52]
Aeroméxico Mexico City [53]
Air Canada Amsterdam, Antigua, Aruba, Austin (begins May 1, 2018),[54] BeijingCapital, Bermuda, Buenos AiresEzeiza, Calgary, ChicagoO'Hare, Copenhagen, Delhi, Denver, DubaiInternational, Dublin,[55] Edmonton, Fort McMurray, Frankfurt, Geneva, Grand Cayman, Halifax, Hong Kong, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, MontréalTrudeau, Mumbai, Munich, New YorkLaGuardia, Ottawa, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Providenciales, Regina, RomeFiumicino, St. John's (NL), San Francisco, Santiago de Chile, São PauloGuarulhos, Saskatoon, Seattle/Tacoma, SeoulIncheon, ShanghaiPudong, Sydney (AU), Tel AvivBen Gurion, TokyoHaneda, TokyoNarita, Vancouver, Winnipeg, Zürich
Seasonal: Cozumel, Eagle/Vail, George Town/Exuma, HoustonIntercontinental, Huatulco, IxtapaZihuatanejo, MilanMalpensa, Portland (OR), ReykjavíkKeflavík (begins May 17, 2018), San Juan, Shannon (begins June 2, 2018),[56] WarsawChopin, West Palm Beach
Air Canada Express Atlanta, Austin (ends April 30, 2018), Baltimore, Boston, Charlotte, ChicagoO'Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, ColumbusGlenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Fredericton, Harrisburg, Hartford, HoustonIntercontinental, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Kingston (ON), London (ON), Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Moncton, MontréalTrudeau, Nashville, New Orleans, New YorkLaGuardia, Newark, North Bay, Omaha (begins May 1, 2018),[58] Ottawa, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Québec City, Raleigh/Durham, Rochester (NY), Saint John (NB), St. Louis, San Antonio, Sarnia, Sault Ste. Marie (ON), Sudbury, Sydney (NS), Syracuse, Thunder Bay, Timmins, WashingtonDulles, WashingtonNational, Windsor
Seasonal: Charlottetown, Gander, Mont Tremblant, Providence (RI) (resumes May 17, 2018),[58] Savannah
Air Canada Rouge Barbados, Barcelona, Bogotá, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Curaçao, Deer Lake, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Grenada, Havana, Holguín, Kelowna, KingstonNorman Manley, Las Vegas, Liberia, Lima, Mexico City, Miami, Montego Bay, Nassau, Orlando, Panama City, PhoenixSky Harbor, Port of Spain, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Saint LuciaHewanorra, Samaná, San Diego, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Clara, Sarasota, Tampa, Varadero, Victoria
Seasonal: Abbotsford, Athens, Belize City, BerlinTegel, Bucharest (begins June 9, 2018),[59] Budapest, Cartagena,[60] Charlottetown, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Honolulu, Kamloops (begins June 22, 2018),[61] Lisbon, LondonGatwick, Manchester (UK), Nanaimo (begins June 21, 2018),[61] Palm Springs, Porto (begins June 8, 2018),[59] Prague, Puerto Vallarta, St. Maarten, San José del Cabo, St. Kitts, St. VincentArgyle, VeniceMarco Polo, Zagreb (begins June 2, 2018)[59]
Air France ParisCharles de Gaulle [62]
Air Transat Cancún, Cayo Coco, Fort Lauderdale, Glasgow, Holguín, Lisbon, LondonGatwick, Manchester (UK), Montego Bay, MontréalTrudeau, Orlando, Porto, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Samaná, Santa Clara, Varadero
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Calgary, Camagüey, Cartagena, Cayo Largo, Dublin, Faro, Fort-de-France,[63] Havana, Huatulco, Lamezia Terme, La Romana, Liberia, Managua, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Puerto Vallarta, RomeFiumicino, Saint LuciaHewanorra, Santo DomingoLas Américas, St. Maarten, San José de Costa Rica, San José del Cabo, San Juan (suspended),[64] Tampa (begins February 18, 2018),[63] Vancouver, VeniceMarco Polo, Zagreb
Alitalia Seasonal: RomeFiumicino [66]
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami [67]
American Eagle Charlotte, ChicagoO'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, New YorkJFK, New YorkLaGuardia, Philadelphia, WashingtonNational [67]
Austrian Airlines Vienna [68]
Avianca Costa Rica San Salvador [69]
Azores Airlines Lisbon, Ponta Delgada, Porto
Seasonal: Terceira
British Airways LondonHeathrow
Seasonal: LondonGatwick (begins May 1, 2018)[71]
Brussels Airlines Brussels [73]
Caribbean Airlines KingstonNorman Manley, Port of Spain [74]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong [75]
China Eastern Airlines ShanghaiPudong [76]
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou [77]
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt [78]
Copa Airlines Panama City [79]
Cubana de Aviación Camagüey, Cayo Coco, Cayo Largo del Sur, Cienfuegos, Havana, Holguín, Santa Clara, Santiago de Cuba, Varadero [80]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Salt Lake City
Seasonal: Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul
Delta Connection Atlanta, Cincinnati, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New YorkJFK [81]
EgyptAir Cairo [82]
El Al Tel AvivBen Gurion [83]
Emirates DubaiInternational [84]
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababaa [85]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi [86]
EVA Air TaipeiTaoyuan [87]
Flair Airlines Edmonton, Kelowna, Vancouver [88]
Fly Jamaica Airways GeorgetownCheddi Jagan, KingstonNorman Manley [89]
Hainan Airlines BeijingCapital [90]
Icelandair ReykjavíkKeflavík [91]
Interjet Cancún, Mexico City [92]
Jet Airways Amsterdam, Delhi [93]
KLM Amsterdam [94]
Korean Air SeoulIncheon [95]
LOT Polish Airlines WarsawChopin [96]
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Seasonal: Munich
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore [98]
Philippine Airlines Manila [99]
Primera Air Birmingham (UK) (begins June 23, 2018),[100] LondonStansted (begins May 19, 2018),[100] ParisCharles de Gaulle (begins June 22, 2018)[100]
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh [101]
Sunwing Airlines Aruba, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Fort Lauderdale, Freeport, Holguín, Mazatlán, Montego Bay, Orlando, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Saint LuciaHewanorra, San José del Cabo, Santa Clara, St. Maarten (suspended until April 30, 2018),[102] Varadero
Seasonal: Bonaire,[103] Camagüey, Cozumel, Curaçao, Gander, Huatulco, IxtapaZihuatanejo, Liberia, Manzanillo (Cuba), Nassau, St. John's, St. Petersburg/Clearwater, Stephenville, Saint Vincent-Argyle, Vancouver
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon [105]
Turkish Airlines IstanbulAtatürk [106]
Ukraine International Airlines KievBoryspil (begins June 6, 2018)[107] [108]
United Airlines ChicagoOHare [109]
United Express ChicagoO'Hare, Denver, HoustonIntercontinental, Newark, WashingtonDulles [109]
WestJet Antigua, Aruba, Barbados, Bermuda, Calgary, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Charlottetown, Deer Lake, Edmonton, Fort Lauderdale, Fort McMurray, Fort Myers, Grand Cayman, Halifax, Kelowna, KingstonNorman Manley, Las Vegas, Liberia, LondonGatwick, Los Angeles, Moncton, Montego Bay, MontréalTrudeau, Nassau, New YorkLaGuardia, Orlando, Ottawa, Port of Spain, Providenciales, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Regina, Saint LuciaHewanorra, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Clara, St. John's (NL), St. Maarten, Samaná, Saskatoon, Tampa, Vancouver, Varadero, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Belize City, Cozumel, Curaçao, Dublin, Glasgow, Holguín, Huatulco, Mérida, Miami, Palm Springs, PhoenixSky Harbor, San Juan, Sydney (NS), Victoria
WestJet Encore Boston, Fredericton, London (ON), Moncton, MontréalTrudeau, Nashville, Ottawa, Québec City, Sudbury, Thunder Bay
Seasonal: Myrtle Beach
WOW air ReykjavíkKeflavík [111]
  • ^a : Ethiopian Airlines' flight from Addis Ababa to Toronto includes a technical stop at Dublin. Ethiopian Airlines does not have fifth freedom rights to transport passengers solely between Dublin and Toronto, and thus only carries passengers between Addis Ababa and Toronto.[112] Ethiopian Airlines' flight from Toronto to Addis Ababa is nonstop.
Airlines Destinations Cargo Centre
Cathay Pacific Cargo Anchorage, Hong Kong, New YorkJFK VISTA
Cubana Cargo
operated by Cargojet
Havana VISTA
FedEx Express Indianapolis, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul FedEx
FedEx Express
operated by Morningstar Air Express
Calgary, Edmonton, MontréalMirabel, North Bay, Sault Ste. Marie (ON), Sudbury, Timmins, Vancouver, Winnipeg FedEx
Korean Air Cargo Anchorage, New YorkJFK, SeoulIncheon Cargo West
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt Cargo West
Turkish Airlines Cargo ChicagoO'Hare, IstanbulAtatürk, Maastricht (all begins 18 January 2018)[113] -
UPS Airlines Louisville VISTA

Ground transportation


UP Express

The UP Express (Union Pearson Express) is an express airport rail link running between Pearson Airport and Union Station in Downtown Toronto. It connects to the airport at Toronto Pearson Terminal 1 Station, and provides a 25-minute travel time to Union Station.[114] The first UP Express departure from Pearson to Union is at 5:27 a.m., with trains departing every 15 minutes throughout the day until the last departure to Union at 12:57 a.m., 7 days a week.[115] The full adult fare for the UP Express from Pearson to Union is C$12, with discounts available for Presto card users.[116]

Route Destination Service Times Terminals Served Schedule
Union Pearson Express
Union Pearson Express Express rail service to Union Station in Downtown Toronto with stops at Weston and Bloor. Daily

(Every 15 minutes from 05:270:57)

Terminal 1. Same-platform transfer at Terminal 1 Station to LINK Train for Terminal 3 Station [115]

LINK Train

The LINK Train is an automated people mover at Pearson Airport that runs between Terminal 1, Terminal 3, and the Viscount Value Park Lot. It connects to the airport at Toronto Pearson Terminal 1 Station and Toronto Pearson Terminal 3 Station. The LINK Train is a free service that operates every 4 to 8 minutes, 24 hours a day.[117][118]

Route Destination Service Times Terminals Served Schedule
Terminal LINK Train
Terminal LINK Train People mover service between Terminal 1 Station, Terminal 3 Station, and Viscount Station Daily

(Every 4 to 8 minutes, 24-hour service)

Terminals 1 and 3. Same-platform transfer to Union Pearson Express at Terminal 1 Station [119]

Taxis are available at all terminals, and are licensed by the City of Mississauga. Taxis that are licensed in Toronto can drop passengers off at Toronto Pearson, but only airport-licensed taxis and limos can pick up passengers at Toronto Pearson legally. Rides can also be prearranged, allowing for curbside pick up at either terminal.[120] Pearson Airport Limousine companies use GTAA authorized out-of-town flat rates for pick-ups from Pearson Airport.[121]


Greyhound Canada operates daily intercity coach service from Toronto Pearson to several cities in Southern Ontario including Cambridge, Guelph, Hamilton, Kitchener, London, Niagara Falls, and Peterborough, with connections to other cities across Canada and the United States.[122] Greyhound Canada coaches arrive and depart from Pearson at Terminal 1.[122]

Public transit bus and coach services connecting Pearson Airport to the city of Toronto and other cities in the Greater Toronto Area are operated by Toronto Transit Commission, GO Transit, MiWay, and Brampton Transit.[123] Fares vary depending on transit operator and destination.[124][125][126][127]

Route Destination Service Times Terminals Served Schedule
Toronto Transit Commission (TTC)
192 Airport Rocket Express service to Kipling Station on the BloorDanforth Subway Line Daily

(Every 10 minutes from 05:2902:11 Monday to Friday, 05:5202:45 Saturday, 08:3102:45 Sunday)

Terminals 1 and 3 [128]
52A Lawrence West Local service along Dixon Road and Lawrence Avenue to Lawrence and Lawrence West stations on the YongeUniversity Subway Line Daily

(Every 6 to 12 minutes from approximately 05:1201:55)

Terminals 1 and 3 [129]
300A Bloor-Danforth Runs express from the airport to Burnhamthorpe Road at Highway 427, then local service along Bloor Street and Danforth Avenue to Warden Avenue Daily (Overnight only)

(Every 20 to 30 minutes from 02:1304:53 Monday to Friday, 02:2305:23 Saturday, 02:2308:28 Sunday)

Terminals 1 and 3 [130]
332 Eglinton West Local service along Eglinton Avenue to Yonge Street Daily (Overnight only)

(Every 30 minutes from 02:2904:59)

Terminals 1 and 3 [131]
352 Lawrence West Local service along Dixon Road and Lawrence Avenue to Sunnybrook Hospital Daily (Overnight only)

(Every 30 minutes from 02:2004:50)

Terminals 1 and 3 [132]
GO Transit
34 Pearson Airport-North York Express service to Yorkdale Terminal and Finch Terminal Daily

(Every 30 to 60 minutes from 04:5001:50)

Terminal 1 [133]
40 Hamilton-Richmond Hill Express service to:

Eastbound: Richmond Hill Centre bus terminal. Westbound: Square One Terminal and Hamilton Terminal


(Every 30 to 60 minutes, 24-hour service)

Terminal 1 [133]
107 Malton Express Express service along the Mississauga Transitway to:

Southbound: Mississauga City Centre Terminal. Northbound: Westwood Mall Terminal and Humber College North Campus.

Monday to Saturday

(Every 9 to 22 minutes from 05:15-23:05 Monday to Friday, 07:22-22:09 Saturday)

Viscount LINK Station [134]
7 Airport Local service to:

Southbound: Mississauga City Centre Terminal. Northbound: Westwood Mall Terminal.


(Every 20 to 40 minutes from 05:37-01:50 Monday to Friday, 05:17-00:34 Saturday, 07:09-23:49 Sunday)

Terminal 1 [134]
24 Northwest Local service to:

Southbound: Skymark Hub. Northbound: Westwood Mall Terminal.

Monday to Friday (Rush hours only)

(Every 29.5 minutes from 05:19-10:15 in the morning, 14:49-19:45 in the afternoon)

Viscount LINK Station [134]
57 Courtneypark Local service from the airport's Infield Cargo area to:

Northbound: Meadowvale Town Centre Terminal

Southbound: Islington Station on the BloorDanforth Subway Line

Monday to Friday (Rush hours only)

(Every 30 to 35 minutes from 06:06-09:47 in the morning, 13:06-19:23 in the afternoon)

None [134]
59 Infield Local service from Westwood Mall Terminal to the airport's Infield Cargo area Monday to Friday (One southbound trip only) None [134]
Brampton Transit
115 Airport Express Semi-express service to Bramalea Terminal Daily

(Every 20 to 30 minutes from 05:25-00:42 Monday to Friday, 05:55-23:45 Saturday, 07:00-23:17 Sunday)

Terminal 1 [135]

The airport is accessible from Highway 427 (just north of Highway 401) or from Highway 409, a spur off Highway 401 that leads directly into the airport. Airport Road to the north and Dixon Road to the east both provide local access to the airport.[136] When drivers pick up or drop off guests at Toronto Pearson, they are permitted to stop momentarily outside the Arrivals and Departure areas at both terminals.

Car Rentals are available from several major car rental agencies located on Level 1 of the parking garages that are adjacent to both terminals.[137] Car rentals are also available from several off-airport car rental agencies located at or near Viscount Station, which is accessible from both terminals via the LINK Train.[137]


Pearson is served by many out-of-town van and minibus shuttle operators, offering transportation from the airport to cities, towns, and villages throughout Southern Ontario.[138] Some operators offer connections to other airports in Ontario (John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport in Hamilton and London International Airport in London) and in the United States (Detroit Metropolitan Airport in Detroit, Michigan and Buffalo Niagara International Airport in Buffalo, New York).[138]

Proposed transit hub

In February 2017, the GTAA announced a proposed transit hub to be located across from Terminal 3 that would connect with Union Pearson Express and may connect with other transit lines extended to the airport like Line 5 Eglinton LRT and GO Transit Regional Express Rail.[139] This proposal would eliminate the LINK Train connecting Terminals 1 and 3 with a bridge from the transit hub to Terminal 3 and another bridge connecting Terminal 3 to Terminal 1.[139]


Annual traffic
Annual passenger traffic at Toronto Pearson International Airport
2003 through 2016
Year Total passengers  % change Domesticc  % change Transborderc  % change Internationalc  % change
2016[5] 44,335,198 8.0% 16,906,560 6.6% 12,054,296 8.1% 15,374,342 9.6%
2015[140] 41,036,847 6.4% 15,859,289 4.4% 11,154,435 6.2% 14,023,123 8.9%
2014[140] 38,571,961 6.8% 15,192,126 5.6% 10,506,070 6.8% 12,874,220 8.3%
2013[140] 36,107,306 3.4% 14,385,001 5.4% 9,838,121 3.9% 11,884,184 0.7%
2012[140] 34,911,850 4.4% 13,646,163 4.3% 9,464,858 5.4% 11,800,829 3.7%
2011[140] 33,435,277 4.7% 13,078,513 2.7% 8,979,103 4.1% 11,377,661 7.6%
2010[141] 31,936,098 5.2% 12,730,680 0.1% 8,628,851 6.9% 10,576,567 10.6%
2009[141] 30,368,339 -6.0% 12,730,047 -7.8% 8,074,027 -8.3% 9,564,265 -1.5%
2008[141] 32,334,831 2.8% 13,812,866 0.5% 8,805,898 -0.8% 9,716,067 10.1%
2007[141] 31,446,199 2.1% 13,744,155 3.3% 8,879,180 -0.3% 8,822,864 2.8%
2006[141] 30,794,581 2.9% 13,309,531 3.1% 8,906,324 1.2% 8,578,726 4.6%
2005[141] 29,914,750 4.5% 12,906,457 2.1% 8,803,505 4.5% 8,204,788 8.6%
2004[141] 28,615,981 15.7% 12,636,748 14.6% 8,422,537 15.1% 7,556,696 18%
2003[141] 24,739,312   11,021,760   7,316,287   6,401,265  
  • ^c : At Toronto Pearson and at other airports in Canada with United States border preclearance, a distinction is made between "transborder" and "international" flights for operational and statistical purposes. A "transborder" flight is a flight between Canada and a destination in the United States, while an "international" flight is a flight between Canada and a destination that is not within the United States or Canada. A "domestic" flight is a flight within Canada only.

Incidents and accidents

  • On October 3, 1959, Vickers Viscount CF-TGY of Trans-Canada Air Lines was written off when it landed short of the runway.[142] No fatalities among the 38 on board.
  • On June 13, 1964, Vickers Viscount CF-THT of Air Canada was damaged beyond economical repair when it crash-landed after the failure of two engines on approach.[143]
  • The airport's deadliest accident occurred on July 5, 1970, when Air Canada Flight 621, a DC-8 jet, flew on a MontrealTorontoLos Angeles route. The pilots inadvertently deployed spoilers before the plane attempted landing, forcing the pilots to abort landing and takeoff. Damage to the aircraft that was caused during the failed landing attempt caused the plane to break up in the air during the go-around, killing all 100 passengers and nine crew members on board when it crashed into a field southeast of Brampton. Controversy remains over the cleanup effort following the crash, as both plane wreckage debris and human remains from the crash are still found on the site.[144]
  • On August 30, 1970, Douglas C-47 CF-JRY of D G Harris Productions was damaged beyond economic repair in a storm.[145]
  • On June 26, 1978, Air Canada Flight 189 to Winnipeg overran the runway during an aborted takeoff, and crashed into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. Two of the 107 passengers on board the DC-9 were killed.
  • On June 22, 1983, Douglas C-47A C-GUBT of Skycraft Air Transport crashed on takeoff roll at Toronto International Airport while on an international cargo flight from Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Ohio. Both of the crew members were killed.[146]
  • On August 2, 2005, Air France Flight 358, an Airbus A340-300 (registration F-GLZQ) inbound from Paris, landed on runway 24L during a severe thunderstorm, failed to stop, and ran off of the runway into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. The rear third of the plane burst into flames, eventually engulfing the whole plane except the cockpit and wings. There were 12 serious injuries, but no fatalities. The investigation predominantly blamed pilot error when faced with the severe weather conditions.[147]

See also


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External links

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