Lester B. Pearson International Airport
|Operator||Greater Toronto Airports Authority|
|Location||Mississauga and Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
|Focus city for|
|Time zone||EST (UTC05:00)|
|Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC04:00)|
|Elevation AMSL||569 ft / 173 m|
FAA airport diagram from 2004
Lester B. Pearson International Airport (IATA: YYZ, ICAO: CYYZ), branded as Toronto Pearson International Airport (simply known as Toronto Pearson, Pearson Airport or Pearson), is the primary international airport serving Toronto, its metropolitan area, and its surrounding region known as the Golden Horseshoe. It is the largest and busiest airport in Canada, the second-busiest international air passenger gateway in the Americas, and the 30th-busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic, handling 49.5 million passengers in 2018. The airport is named in honour of Lester B. Pearson, Nobel Peace Prize laureate and 14th Prime Minister of Canada.
Toronto Pearson is located 22.5 kilometres (14.0 mi) northwest of Downtown Toronto with the majority of the airport situated in the city of Mississauga and a small portion of the airfield extending into Toronto's western district of Etobicoke. It features five runways and two passenger terminals along with numerous cargo and maintenance facilities on a site that covers 1,867 hectares (4,613 acres).
Pearson Airport is the primary hub for Air Canada. It also serves as a hub for WestJet, cargo airline FedEx Express, and as a base of operations for Air Transat and Sunwing Airlines. Pearson is operated by the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) as part of Transport Canada's National Airports System, and is the largest airport in the world with facilities for United States border preclearance.
An extensive network of non-stop domestic flights is operated from Toronto Pearson by several airlines to all major and many secondary cities across all provinces of Canada. As of 2019, over 75 airlines operate around 1,250 daily departures from the airport to more than 180 destinations across all six of the world's inhabited continents.
In 1937, the Government of Canada agreed to support the building of two airports in the Toronto area. One site selected was on the Toronto Islands, which is the present-day Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport. The other site selected was an area northwest of Toronto near the town of Malton, which was originally intended to serve as an alternate to the downtown airport but instead would become its successor. The first scheduled passenger flight at the Malton Airport was a Trans-Canada Air Lines DC-3 that landed on August 29, 1939.
During World War II, the Royal Canadian Air Force established a base at the airport as a component of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. RCAF Station Malton was home to several training schools and was in operation between 1940 and 1946.
In 1958, the City of Toronto government sold the Malton Airport to the Government of Canada, which subsequently changed the name of the facility to Toronto International Airport, under the management of Transport Canada. The airport was officially renamed Lester B. Pearson International Airport in 1984, in honour of Toronto-born Lester B. Pearson, the fourteenth Prime Minister of Canada and recipient of the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize. The Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) assumed management, operation, and control of the airport in 1996, and has used the name Toronto Pearson International Airport for the facility since the transition.
Toronto Pearson International Airport has two active public terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 3. Both terminals are designed to handle all three sectors of travel (domestic, transborder, and international), which results in terminal operations at Pearson being grouped for airlines and airline alliances, rather than for domestic and international routes.
A third public terminal, the Infield Concourse (IFC), currently acts as an extension of Terminal 3 providing additional bridged gates.
Terminal 2 was permanently closed and demolished in 2007, replaced by an expanded Terminal 1.
Measuring over 346,000 square metres (3,724,000 sq ft), Terminal 1 is the largest airport terminal in Canada and the 12th largest in the world by floor space. Air Canada and all other Star Alliance airlines that serve Pearson are based at Terminal 1. Emirates is the only non-alliance airline that uses the terminal.
Terminal 1 was designed by a joint venture known as Airports Architects Canada made up of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, Adamson Associates Architects and Moshe Safdie and Associates. It contains 58 gates: D1, D3, D5, D7-D12, D20, D22, D24, D26, D28, D31D45 (D32, D34, D36 also serve US flights and carry F designation), D51, D53, D55, D57 (also carry F designation), F60F63, F64AF64B, F65, F66AF66B, F/E67F/E81 (F68-F73 and F78-F81 serve both US and international flights but E74-E77 are international only), F59, F82-F83, and F84-F99. Two of the gates, E73 and E75, can accommodate the Airbus A380.
Along with the standard customs and immigration facilities, Terminal 1 also contains special customs "B" checkpoints along the international arrivals walkway. Passengers connecting from an international or trans-border arrival to another international (non-U.S.) departure in Terminal 1 go to one of these checkpoints for passport control and immigration checks, then are immediately directed to Pier E for departure. This alleviates the need to recheck bags, pass through security screening, and relieves congestion in the primary customs hall. International-to-domestic passengers use the same corridor and a bus for one-stop security procedures, which avoids having to re-clear security if coming from another country with a mutual agreement.
An eight-level parking garage with 8,400 public parking spaces (including 700 rental car spaces)  across from Terminal 1 is connected to the terminal by several elevated and enclosed pedestrian walkways.
Terminal 3 is a 178,000-square-metre (1,916,000 sq ft) facility designed by B+H Architects and Scott Associates Architects Inc. It is used by all SkyTeam and Oneworld airlines that serve Pearson, along with Air Transat, Etihad Airways, Pakistan International Airlines, Philippine Airlines, Sunwing Airlines, WestJet and all other airlines that are unaffiliated with an airline alliance (except Emirates, which uses Terminal 1). Terminal 3 has 46 gates: B1a-B1d, B2a, B2c, B3-B5, A6d-A6f, A7A16, B17-B20 (also, A17-A20 for transborder flights), B22-B29, C30-C36 and B37B41.
A five-level parking garage with 3,800 public parking spaces (including 600 rental car spaces)  is located directly across from the terminal along with the Sheraton Hotel, both of which are connected to Terminal 3 by an elevated pedestrian walkway.
Since June 2018, the GTAA has used the Infield Terminal to act as an extension of Terminal 3 to provide additional bridged gates. Passengers on flights arriving or departing from gates at the Infield Terminal are transported by bus to/from Terminal 3.
The Infield Terminal (IFT) was originally built to handle traffic displaced during the development and construction of the current Terminal 1. Its 11 gates (521 to 531) were opened gradually throughout 2002 and 2003, and a business lounge was opened in 2005. In 2009, the Infield Terminal was closed for regular operations in conjunction with the official opening of the newly constructed Terminal 1. However, the GTAA retained plans to reactivate the IFT for regular operations whenever necessary to accommodate seasonal or overflow demand.
Further renovations were completed at the Infield Terminal in early 2018 and on June 5, 2018, the terminal was reactivated for summer operations by the GTAA to act as an extension of Terminal 3 with the purpose of providing required additional bridged gates. Passengers are transported by bus between Terminal 3 and the IFT.
Due to its intermittent usage for passenger traffic, the Infield Terminal is frequently used as a location to film major motion pictures and television productions.
Skyservice FBO operates an 800-square-metre (8,611 sq ft) private VIP terminal at Toronto Pearson on Midfield Road in the infield area of the airport. The terminal handles most private aircraft arriving and departing at Pearson, providing passenger services that include 24/7 concierge, private customs and immigration facilities, personalized catering, showers, direct handling of baggage, and VIP ground transportation services.
Toronto Pearson has five runways, three of which are aligned in the eastwest direction, and two in the northsouth direction. A large network of taxiways, collectively measuring over 40 km (25 mi) in length, provides access between the runways and the passenger terminals, air cargo areas, and airline hangar areas.
|05/23||3,389.4 metres (11,120 ft)||61 metres (200 ft)||Cat. IIIa (05), Cat. I (23)||EastWest|
|06L/24R||2,955.6 metres (9,697 ft)||61 metres (200 ft)||Cat. IIIa (6L), Cat. I (24R)||EastWest|
|06R/24L||2,743.2 metres (9,000 ft)||61 metres (200 ft)||Cat. I (both directions)||EastWest|
|15L/33R||3,368 metres (11,050 ft)||61 metres (200 ft)||Cat. I (both directions)||NorthSouth|
|15R/33L||2,770 metres (9,088 ft)||61 metres (200 ft)||Cat. I (both directions)||NorthSouth|
Toronto Pearson is home to the Toronto Area Control Centre, one of seven area control centres in Canada operated by Nav Canada. The airport uses a Traffic Management Unit (TMU), located in the apron control tower at Terminal 1, to control the movement of aircraft and other airport traffic on the ground. The main air traffic control tower at Pearson is located within the infield operations area of the airport.
The airfield maintenance unit is responsible for general maintenance and repairs at Pearson. During the winter months, the unit expands into a dedicated 24-hour snow removal team of more than 200 workers tasked with ensuring normal operations at the airport, as Pearson regularly experiences 110 to 130 centimetres (43 to 51 in) of total snow accumulation in a typical winter season. The airport employs over 94 pieces of snow removal equipment, including 11 Vammas PSB series, 4 Oshkosh HT-Series snowplow units, and 14 snowmelters.
Pearson Airport's Central De-icing Facility is the largest in the world, servicing over 10,500 aircraft each winter. The six de-icing bays, covering a total area of 24 hectares (60 acres), can handle 12 aircraft simultaneously and take between 2 and 19 minutes to de-ice each aircraft dependent on factors such as active weather and aircraft specifications.
The Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) Fire and Emergency Service maintains three stations at the airport, with more than 80 firefighters providing fire and rescue operations at Pearson. They are equipped with six crash tenders as well as several pumpers, aerial ladders, and heavy rescue units. The GTAA Fire and Emergency Service operates in conjunction with the Fire and Emergency Services Training Institute (FESTI), located at the northwest end of the airport grounds.
Toronto Pearson handles over 50% of total international air cargo in Canada. The airport has three main cargo facilities, known as Cargo West (Infield), Cargo East (VISTA), and Cargo North (FedEx).
The Cargo West facility (also known as the Infield Cargo Area) is located between runways 15L/33R and 15R/33L. It is a multi-tenant facility including three large buildings with 52,600 square metres (566,000 sq ft) of warehouse space, a common use cargo apron, vehicle parking, and a truck maneuvering area. A four-lane vehicle tunnel connects the Infield Cargo Area to the passenger terminal area of the airport.
The Cargo East facility (also known as the VISTA cargo area) is located north of Terminal 3. The VISTA cargo area is a multi-tenant facility of several buildings organised in a U-shape, with 29,500 square metres (318,000 sq ft) of warehouse space and an adjacent common use cargo apron.
The Cargo North facility is the Canadian hub for FedEx Express. The site occupies an area on the north side of the airport lands near runway 05/23, and is home to two buildings operated exclusively by FedEx with 32,100 square metres (346,000 sq ft) of warehouse space and a dedicated cargo apron.
The Peel Regional Police is the primary law enforcement agency at Toronto Pearson. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) also maintain a Toronto Airport Detachment at Pearson, which provides federal law enforcement services.
The Canadian Air Transport Security Authority (CATSA) is responsible for security screening procedures at Pearson Airport. Other government agencies with security operations at Pearson include the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), and Transport Canada. In addition, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) also conduct operations at the airport to facilitate United States border preclearance.
Pearson Airport has seven aircraft maintenance hangars, operated by Air Canada, Air Transat, Westjet, and the GTAA, which are used for line maintenance and routine aircraft inspections. At the north end of the airfield are numerous independently operated hangars for charter aircraft and personal private aircraft based at Pearson, along with passenger and maintenance facilities to service them.
The Greater Toronto Airports Authority maintains administrative offices on Convair Drive, near the southeast corner of the airfield. Gate Gourmet and CLS Catering Services both operate dedicated flight kitchen facilities at Pearson for airline catering services. Aviation fuel (Jet A-1) is supplied by Esso Avitat and Shell Aerocentre, both located in the infield operations area of the airport.
|Air Canada|| Amsterdam, Antigua, Aruba, BeijingCapital, Bermuda, Brussels (begins May 1, 2020), Buenos AiresEzeiza, Calgary, Copenhagen, Curaçao, Delhi, Denver, DubaiInternational, Dublin, Edmonton, Fort McMurray, Frankfurt, Geneva, Grand Cayman, Halifax, Hong Kong, HoustonIntercontinental, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, MontréalTrudeau, Munich, New YorkLaGuardia, Ottawa, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Providenciales, Regina, RomeFiumicino, St. John's (NL), San Francisco, San Jose (CA) (resumes May 4, 2020), Santiago de Chile, São PauloGuarulhos, Saskatoon, Seattle/Tacoma, SeoulIncheon, ShanghaiPudong, Sydney (Australia), Tel Aviv, TokyoHaneda, Vancouver, Vienna, Winnipeg, Zürich|
Seasonal: Austin, Boston, George Town/Exuma, Honolulu, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, MilanMalpensa, Mumbai, St. Maarten, San Juan, Shannon, TokyoNarita, West Palm Beach
|Air Canada Express|| Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Charlotte, ChicagoO'Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, ColumbusGlenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Hartford, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Kingston (ON), London (ON), Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, MontréalTrudeau, Nashville, New Orleans, Newark, North Bay, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Raleigh/Durham, St. Louis, Saint John (NB) (ends February 14, 2020), Sarnia, Sault Ste. Marie (ON), Sudbury, Sydney (NS), Timmins, WashingtonDulles, WashingtonNational, Windsor|
Seasonal: Austin, Gander, Mont Tremblant, Providence (RI), Savannah
|Air Canada Rouge|| Barbados, Bogotá, Calgary, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Charlottetown, Deer Lake, Edmonton, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Fredericton, Grenada, Havana, Holguín, Kelowna, KingstonNorman Manley, Las Vegas, Liberia, Lima, Mexico City, Miami, Moncton, Montego Bay, Nassau, Orlando, Panama CityTocumen, PhoenixSky Harbor, Port of Spain, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Québec City, St. LuciaHewanorra, St. VincentArgyle, Saint John (NB) (begins February 15, 2020), Samaná, San Diego, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Clara, Tampa, Thunder Bay, Varadero, Vancouver, Victoria|
Seasonal: Abbotsford, Athens, Barcelona, Belize City, BerlinTegel, Bucharest, Budapest, Cartagena, Cozumel, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Kamloops, Lisbon, Manchester (UK), Nanaimo, Palm Springs, Portland (OR), Porto, Prague, Quito, ReykjavíkKeflavík, St. Kitts, San José del Cabo, Sarasota, Venice, WarsawChopin, Zagreb
|Air France||ParisCharles de Gaulle|||
|Air Italy||Seasonal: MilanMalpensa|||
|Air Transat||Calgary, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Fort Lauderdale, Glasgow, Holguín, Lisbon, LondonGatwick, Manchester (UK), Montego Bay, MontréalTrudeau, Orlando, Porto, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Samaná, Santa Clara, Vancouver, Varadero |
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Cartagena, Dublin, Faro, Fort-de-France, Huatulco, Lamezia Terme, La Romana, Liberia, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Puerto Vallarta, Roatán, RomeFiumicino, St. Maarten, Santo DomingoLas Américas, San José de Costa Rica, San Juan, Santiago de Cuba, Venice, Zagreb
|American Airlines||Charlotte, ChicagoO'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami|||
|American Eagle||Charlotte, ChicagoO'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, New YorkJFK, New YorkLaGuardia, Philadelphia, WashingtonNational|||
|Avianca Costa Rica||San Salvador|||
|Azores Airlines|| Ponta Delgada |
|British Airways|| LondonHeathrow |
|Caribbean Airlines||KingstonNorman Manley, Port of Spain|||
|Cathay Pacific||Hong Kong|||
|China Eastern Airlines||ShanghaiPudong|||
|China Southern Airlines||Guangzhou|||
|Copa Airlines||Panama CityTocumen|||
|Delta Air Lines|| Atlanta, Salt Lake City |
Seasonal: Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul
|Delta Connection||Cincinnati, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New YorkJFK|||
|El Al||Tel Aviv|||
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa|||
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi|||
|Flair Airlines|| Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver, Winnipeg |
|Interjet||Cancún, Mexico City|||
|LOT Polish Airlines||WarsawChopin|||
|Lufthansa|| Frankfurt |
|Pakistan International Airlines||Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore|||
|Sunwing Airlines|| Antigua, Aruba, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Fort Lauderdale, Freeport, Holguín, Mazatlán, Montego Bay, Orlando, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Río Hato, St. LuciaHewanorra, St. Maarten, San José del Cabo, Santa Clara, Varadero |
Seasonal: Acapulco, Bonaire, Camagüey, Cayo Largo del Sur, Cienfuegos, Cozumel, Curaçao, Daytona Beach, Gander, Grand Cayman (begins February 2, 2020), Grenada, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Romana, Liberia, Manzanillo (Cuba), Miami, Nassau, Roatán, St. John's (NL), St. Petersburg/Clearwater, Stephenville, Tobago, Vancouver
|TAP Air Portugal||Lisbon|||
|Ukraine International Airlines||KyivBoryspil|||
|United Airlines||ChicagoO'Hare, Denver, HoustonIntercontinental, San Francisco|||
|United Express||ChicagoO'Hare, Denver, HoustonIntercontinental, Newark, WashingtonDulles|||
|WestJet|| Antigua, Aruba, Barbados, Bermuda, Calgary, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Charlottetown, Edmonton, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Grand Cayman, Halifax, Kelowna, KingstonNorman Manley, Las Vegas, Liberia, LondonGatwick, Los Angeles, Montego Bay, MontréalTrudeau, Nassau, New YorkLaGuardia, Orlando, Ottawa, Port of Spain, Providenciales, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Regina, St. John's (NL), St. LuciaHewanorra, St. Maarten, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Clara, Samaná, Saskatoon, Tampa, Vancouver, Varadero, Winnipeg|
Seasonal: Barcelona, Belize City, Cozumel, Curaçao, Deer Lake, Holguín, Huatulco, Mérida, Miami, PhoenixSky Harbor, Roatán, San Juan, Sydney (NS), Victoria
|WestJet Encore|| Boston, Fredericton, London (ON), Moncton, MontréalTrudeau, Nashville, Ottawa, Québec City, Thunder Bay |
Seasonal: Myrtle Beach
|Cathay Pacific Cargo||Anchorage, Hong Kong, New YorkJFK||VISTA|
|FedEx Express||Calgary, Edmonton, Indianapolis, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul, MontréalMirabel, North Bay, Sault Ste. Marie (ON), Sudbury, Timmins, Vancouver, Winnipeg||FedEx|
|Korean Air Cargo||Anchorage, New YorkJFK, SeoulIncheon||Cargo West|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Frankfurt||Cargo West|
|National Airlines||Toulouse||Cargo West|
|Turkish Cargo||IstanbulAtatürk, New YorkJFK||VISTA|
Taxicabs and limousines can be accessed at designated taxi stands located outside of both Terminal 1 and Terminal 3. Only official airport-licensed taxis and limousines can legally pick up passengers at Pearson, and all airport-licensed taxi and limo companies use GTAA authorized flat rate fares for travel from the airport.
Transportation network company services Uber and Lyft are available at Pearson Airport. Designated rideshare pickup zones are located at both Terminal 1 and Terminal 3. Terminal 1 pickup is from the ground level, while Terminal 3 pickup is from the arrivals level.
Toronto Pearson is directly accessible from Highway 427 and Highway 409 with Airport Road and Dixon Road providing local access to the airport. There are 12,200 parking spaces available in parking garages adjacent to Terminal 1 and Terminal 3, in addition to several other parking lots located in the immediate area.
Car rentals are available from various major car rental agencies located in the parking garages adjacent to both terminals. Car rentals are also available from off-airport car rental agencies located near Toronto Pearson Viscount Station, accessible from both terminals via the Link Train.
Toronto Pearson is served by several long-distance van and minibus shuttle operators, which provide transportation from the airport to various municipalities and regional airports throughout Southern Ontario and to select cities and towns in the U.S. states of New York and Michigan.
In February 2017, the GTAA announced a proposed transit hub to be located across from Terminal 3 that would connect with Union Pearson Express and may connect with other transit lines extended to the airport like Line 5 Eglinton LRT and GO Transit Regional Express Rail. This proposal would eliminate the Link Train connecting Terminals 1 and 3 with a bridge from the transit hub to Terminal 3 and another bridge connecting Terminal 3 to Terminal 1.
|Year||Total passengers||% change||Domesticc||% change||Transborderc||% change||Internationalc||% change|
Pearson has experienced continued growth in passenger volumes since the completion of Terminal 1 in the early 2000s. Over that time period international passenger volume has grown to represent a greater share of Pearson's traffic surpassing transborder passengers in 2008 and domestic passengers in 2018.
International passenger traffic at Pearson makes it the 20th busiest airport in the world and the 2nd busiest in North America behind JFK for international passengers. For the purposes of calculating international passengers Airports Council International statistics combine Pearson's transborder and international passengers.
The Airport occupies some 1,867 ha (4,613 acres) and is adjacent to Highway 401, the main east/west highway route through southern Ontario and the busiest highway in North America. The bulk of the Airport (1,824 ha 4,507 acres) is within the City of Mississauga with 43 ha (106 acres) located within the City of Toronto.
Toronto Pearson now operates two main passenger terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 3.
Air Canada's four hubs, Toronto (YYZ), the primary global hub, Montreal (YUL), the gateway to French international markets, Vancouver (YVR), the airline's premier gateway to Asia Pacific, and Calgary (YYC), offer Air Canada customers smooth connections under one roof.
Passengers flying on Aer Lingus, Azores, Icelandair, Condor and Ukraine International will be boarding their aircraft at the Infield Terminal, accessed by bus that leaves from Terminal 3.
Located on a 470-acre [190 ha] site between four major runways, this $250 million development is Canada's largest design-build project and comprised of six structures totaling 1,356,360 square feet: the Air Canada Maintenance Building, three cargo buildings including the Air Canada Cargo Terminal, a 3-bay Hangar Facility, and the 11-gate Infield Holdroom Terminal.
The Infield Terminal (IFT) was constructed to provide interim gating capacity during the phased construction of Terminal 1. The first two gates became operational in June 2002, with the remaining nine gates opening the following year. (The final three gates opened in July 2003, bringing the total available to 11.)
Air Canada will officially open its newest Maple Leaf Lounge at the Infield Terminal at Toronto Pearson Airport on February 10, 2005.
On average, between 110 to 130 cm of snow falls here each winter
Toronto Pearson handles about 50 per cent of the international air cargo in Canada, making our airport a critical link in the supply chain of Canadian businesses.
It's a 1.5-kilometre train with three stations gliding along an elevated guideway connecting Terminals 1, 3 and a reduced rate parking area serving both passengers and employees of the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA).
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