|Vienna International Airport
|Operator||Flughafen Wien AG|
|Serves||Vienna, Austria and
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||183 m / 600 ft|
Source: Flughafen Wien AG
Vienna International Airport (German: Flughafen Wien-Schwechat; IATA: VIE, ICAO: LOWW) is the international airport of Vienna, the capital of Austria, located in Schwechat, 18 km (11 mi) southeast of central Vienna and 57 km west of Bratislava. It is the country's largest airport and serves as the hub for Austrian Airlines and a base for Eurowings Europe. It is capable of handling wide-body aircraft up to the Airbus A380. The airport features a dense network of European destinations as well as long-haul flights to Asia, North America and Africa. In 2017, the airport handled 24.4 million passengers, a 4.5% increase compared to 2016.
Originally built as a military airport in 1938, and used during World War II as the Heinkel firm's southern military aircraft design and production complex, or Heinkel-Süd facility, it was taken over by the British in 1945 and became RAF Schwechat under the occupation of the country. In 1954, the Betriebsgesellschaft was founded, and the airport replaced Aspern as Vienna's (and Austria's) principal aerodrome. There was just one runway, which in 1959 was expanded to measure 3,000 m (9,843 ft). The erection of the new airport building starting in 1959.
In 1972 another runway was built. In 1982 the airport was connected to the national motorway network (Ostautobahn). In 1986 the enlarged arrivals hall was opened, and in 1988 Pier East with 8 jetbridges.
Flughafen Wien AG, one of the few publicly traded airport operators in Europe, was privatised in 1992. The state of Lower Austria and the City of Vienna each hold 20% of the shares, the private employee participation foundation holds 10%, with the remaining 50% held privately. The shares are part of the Austrian Traded Index.
In 1992, the new Terminal 1 was opened and a year later the shopping area around the plaza in the transit area of the B, C and D gates. In 1996 Pier West with 12 jetbridges got in operation.
In 2006 the 109 m (358 ft) tall control tower started operating. It allows a free overview of the entire airport area and offers a night laser show, which should welcome the passengers even from the aircraft. From 20042007 an Office Park had been erected offering 69,000 m2 (740,000 sq ft) of rentable space. A VIP- and general aviation-terminal, including a separated apron, opened in 2006.
To accommodate future growth, in 1998 Vienna Airport published a master plan that outlined expansion projects until 2015. These projects included a new office park, railway station, cargo center, general aviation center, air traffic control tower, terminal, and runway. Additionally, the plan called for streamlined security control. The centerpiece of the enlargement was the new terminal, dubbed Skylink during its construction. In 2002, the airport's management estimated that building the new terminal will cost 401.79 million. However, costs skyrocketed and in 2009 stood at an estimated 929.5 million. The Austrian Court of Audit then recommended that the airport implement several cost-savings measures, which in the Court's estimate brought down final costs to 849.15 million, still more than double the original plans.
On June 5, 2012, the new Austrian Star Alliance Terminal (Terminal 3, named Skylink during its construction) was opened, which enables the airport to handle up to 30 million passengers per year. Construction started in 2004 and was suspended due to projected cost increases in 2009, but resumed in 2010. The maximum planned costs totaled less than 770 million. Following concerns over the mismanagement of the Skylink project, chief executive Herbert Kaufman agreed to resign at the end of December 2010. The new building with its North Pier has 17 jetbridges and makes the airport capable of handling more aircraft, although the new terminal is not able to handle Airbus A380 aircraft. However, the older Concourse D will see an upgrade to accommodate the A380.
The Wien-Schwechat Airport has four terminal buildings named Terminal 1, 2 and 3 which are directly built against each other as well as the additional Terminal 1A located opposite Terminal 1. Terminals 1, 2 and 3 connect to the five concourses. The central arrivals hall for all terminal areas is located in Terminal 3.
Vienna Airport originally projected that it will need a third runway by 2012, or 2016 at the latest, in the event of cooperation with nearby Bratislava Airport. It currently projects that a third runway will be necessary by 2025, however, environmental organizations and some local communities oppose construction. These groups have attacked the decision of Lower Austria (the state in which the airport is located) to move ahead with the first phase of construction; verdict from the administrative court that has taken up the lawsuit was expected later in 2015. As of September 2016, there were ongoing public protests while as no legal decision had been made. On 28 March 2018, the Austrian Federal Administrative Court ruled in favour of a third runway, a decision that may be appealed by opponents within six weeks.
The third runway is planned to be parallel to and south of the existing runway 11/29. It will be designated 11R/29L, with the existing runway being renamed 11L/29R. The new runway is planned to be 3680 m long and 60 m wide, and equipped with a category III instrument landing system in one direction (29L).
The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Wien-Schwechat Airport:
|Aeroflot||MoscowSheremetyevo, St Petersburg|
Seasonal charter: Skyros (begins 23 June 2018)
|Air Cairo||Hurghada, Sharm El Sheikh|
|Air France||ParisCharles de Gaulle|
|Air Malta||Catania, Malta|
|Air VIA||Seasonal charter: Varna|
|ASL Airlines France||Seasonal: Bordeaux, Toulouse|
|Austrian Airlines||AmmanQueen Alia, Amsterdam, Athens, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Basel/Mulhouse, BeijingCapital, Belgrade, BerlinTegel, Bologna, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cairo, ChicagoO'Hare, Chiinu, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dnipropetrosk, Düsseldorf, Erbil, Frankfurt, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Graz, Hamburg, Hong Kong, Iai, Innsbruck, Isfahan, KievBoryspil, Klagenfurt, Koice, Kraków, Krasnodar, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Leipzig/Halle, Linz, LondonHeathrow, Lviv, Lyon, Manchester, Marrakesh, Miami, MilanMalpensa, Minsk, MoscowDomodedovo, Munich, Naples, Newark, New YorkJFK, Nice, Odessa, OsloGardermoen, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Podgorica, Prague, Pristina, Salzburg, Sarajevo, ShanghaiPudong, Shiraz, Sibiu, Skopje, Sofia, StockholmArlanda, Stuttgart, TehranImam Khomeini, Tel AvivBen Gurion, TenerifeSouth, Thessaloniki, Tirana, TorontoPearson, Varna, Venice, Vilnius, WarsawChopin, WashingtonDulles, Yerevan, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Bari, Bodrum, Cagliari, Cape Town (resumes 28 October 2018), Catania, Cephalonia, Chania, Colombo, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Florence, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gothenburg, Havana, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kalamata, Karpathos, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Los Angeles, Mahé, Malé, Mauritius, Menorca, Mykonos, Mytilene, Olbia, Palermo, Patras, Preveza, ReykjavíkKeflávik, Rhodes, St Petersburg, Samos, Santorini, Skiathos, Split, TokyoNarita (resumes 15 May 2018), Volos, Zakynthos
|BH Air||Charter: Burgas|
|Bulgarian Air Charter||Charter: Burgas, Varna|
|Corendon Dutch Airlines||Seasonal: Heraklion (begins 11 May 2018), Hurghada
Seasonal charter: Marrakesh
|Czech Airlines||Seasonal charter: Bra|
|easyJet||Amsterdam, BerlinSchönefeld, Berlin-Tegel, Bristol, Edinburgh, LondonGatwick, LondonLuton, Lyon, Manchester, MilanMalpensa (begins 31 May 2018), Naples|
|easyJet Switzerland||Basel/Mulhouse (begins 8 June 2018), Geneva|
|El Al||Tel AvivBen Gurion|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa, Brussels|
|Eurowings||Barcelona, Birmingham, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Hannover, Lanzarote, Larnaca (begins 3 May 2018), LondonStansted, Madrid, Málaga, Marsa Alam, Nuremberg, Palma de Mallorca, RomeFiumicino, Stuttgart, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Alicante (begins 2 July 2018), Brindisi, Chania (begins 2 May 2018), Corfu, Heraklion (begins 4 May 2018), Ibiza, Kavala, Kos (begins 2 May 2018), Lamezia Terme, Mytilene (begins 7 July 2018), Nice, Olbia, Pisa, Porto, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini, Zadar
|EVA Air||BangkokSuvarnabhumi, TaipeiTaoyuan|
|Flynas||Seasonal: Riyadh (begins 7 June 2018)|
|Freebird Airlines||Charter: Antalya, IstanbulSabiha Gökcen, Izmir|
|Hainan Airlines||Shenzhen (begins 20 October 2018)|
|Iran Air||TehranImam Khomeini|
|Kuwait Airways||Seasonal: Kuwait City|
|Laudamotion||Seasonal: Brindisi (begins 2 June 2018), Chania (begins 1 June 2018), Ibiza (begins 3 June 2018), Kalamata (begins 4 June 2018), Malaga (begins 1 June 2018), Palma de Mallorca (begins 1 June 2018), Paphos (begins 3 June 2018), Pisa (begins 1 June 2018), Santorini (begins 2 June 2018)|
|LOT Polish Airlines||WarsawChopin|
|Norwegian Air Shuttle||OsloGardermoen|
|Onur Air||Seasonal: IstanbulAtatürk|
|Pegasus Airlines||Ankara, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen
|People's Viennaline||St. Gallen/Altenrhein
Seasonal charter: Preveza
|Royal Jordanian||AmmanQueen Alia|
|SkyWork Airlines||Basel/Mulhouse, Bern|
|Saudia||Jeddah, Riyadh (both begin 16 June 2018) |
|SmartWings||Seasonal charter: Gran Canaria (begins 4 July 2018)|
|SunExpress||Ankara, Antalya, Izmir
|SunExpress Deutschland||Seasonal: Marrakesh, Varna|
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich|
|TAP Air Portugal||Lisbon|
|Travel Service||Seasonal charter: Boa Vista, Sal (both begin 21 December 2018)|
Charter: Djerba, Enfidha
|Turkish Airlines||Ankara, IstanbulAtatürk, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya, Kayseri, Samsun, Trabzon
|Ukraine International Airlines||KievBoryspil|
Seasonal: Bilbao, Genoa, Marseille
|Voyage Air||Seasonal: Burgas (begins 5 May 2018)|
|Vueling||Barcelona, Palma de Mallorca (begins 1 June 2018), ParisCharles de Gaulle, RomeFiumicino|
|Wings of Lebanon||Seasonal charter: Beirut|
|Wizz Air||Bari (begins 15 June 2018), Bergen (begins 25 November 2018), Billund (begins 16 November 2018), Catania (begins 23 February 2019), Cluj-Napoca (begins 30 May 2018), Dortmund (begins 25 November 2018), Eindhoven (begins 2 July 2018), Gdask, Kharkiv (begins 25 November 2018), Kiev-Zhuliany (begins 28 October 2018), Kutaisi (begins 15 November 2018), Larnaca (begins 25 November 2018), Lisbon (begins 22 February 2019), Madrid (begins 23 February 2019), Málaga (begins 3 July 2018), Malmö (begins 29 March 2019), Malta (begins 14 June 2018), Milan-Malpensa (begins 22 February 2019), Nice (begins 22 February 2019), Ni (begins 15 November 2018), Ohrid (begins 15 November 2018), Reykjavik (begins 23 March 2019), RomeFiumicino (begins 14 June 2018), Stockholm-Skavsta (begins 22 March 2019), Tel AvivBen Gurion (begins 15 June 2018), TenerifeSouth (begins 27 November 2018), Thessaloniki (begins 15 November 2018), Tuzla, Valencia (begins 14 June 2018), Varna|
|Asiana Cargo||Frankfurt, Gothenburg, SeoulIncheon, MoscowDomodedovo|
|ASL Airlines Belgium||Athens, Liège, Ljubljana|
|CAL Cargo Air Lines||Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion|
|Cargolux||BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Doha, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Novosibirsk, TaipeiTaoyuan|
|FedEx Express||Budapest, ParisCharles de Gaulle|
|Korean Air Cargo||Basel/Mulhouse, Brussels, Copenhagen, MilanMalpensa, Navoi, SeoulIncheon, Tel AvivBen Gurion, OsloGardermoen, Zaragoza|
|Silk Way Airlines||Baku, Hanoi, MilanMalpensa, SeoulIncheon|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||IstanbulAtatürk, Minsk|
|UPS Airlines||Budapest, Cologne/Bonn|
|Passengers||Change from previous year||Aircraft operations||Change from previous year||Cargo
(including road feeder service,
|Change from previous year|
|Source: Airports Council International. World Airport Traffic Reports
(Years 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014)
|Europe and Turkey||16||Stuttgart||365,898||6.7%|
|Source: Statistik Austria|
The Vienna S-Bahn line S7 provides a local service to the city centre taking approx. 25 minutes. The more expensive City Airport Train connects the airport directly to Wien Mitte railway station, close to the city centre, in just 16 minutes.
Additionally, the underground railway station has been expanded to accommodate long-distance trains. Since December 2014, the first trains passing Vienna's new main station, ICE services from Germany, terminate at the airport. Since December 2015, ÖBB Railjet services operate to the airport as well. Long-distance train rides between the airport and the main station take approx. 15 minutes.
The airport lies directly adjacent to motorway A4 which leads from central Vienna to Budapest. It has its own exit named Flughafen Wien-Schwechat. Bratislava can be reached via motorway A6 which splits from the A4 in the east. Taxis and car rental facilities are available at the airport. There are also several taxi companies that operate at the airport.